1887

OECD Factbook 2015-2016

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2015-2016

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical publication from the OECD. Close to 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, education, energy, transportation, environment, development, health, industry, information and communications, population, employment and labour, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook includes new indicators on a number of regional indicators including GDP by metropolitan area.

Data are provided for all OECD countries, including the OECD aggregate, euro area, European Union, and where data are available, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa.

For each indicator, there is a two-page spread. A text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator, and a list of references for further information on the indicator. The second page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. Each indicator includes StatLinks which allow readers to download the corresponding data.

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a key reference tool for users working on economic and policy issues.

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OECD Factbook 2015-2016 - ISBN 9789264251113 - © OECD 2016

Mean scores by gender in PISA
2012
‌‌
Mathematics scale
Reading scale
Science scale
Girls
Boys
Girls
Boys
Girls
Boys
Mean score
S.E.
Mean score
S.E.
Mean score
S.E.
Mean score
S.E.
Mean score
S.E.
Mean score
S.E.
Australia
498
 
2.0
 
510
 
2.4
 
530
 
2.0
 
495
 
2.3
 
519
 
2.1
 
524
 
2.5
 
Austria
494
 
3.3
 
517
 
3.9
 
508
 
3.4
 
471
 
4.0
 
501
 
3.4
 
510
 
3.9
 
Belgium
509
 
2.6
 
520
 
2.9
 
525
 
2.7
 
493
 
3.0
 
503
 
2.6
 
507
 
3.0
 
Canada
513
 
2.1
 
523
 
2.1
 
541
 
2.1
 
506
 
2.3
 
524
 
2.0
 
527
 
2.4
 
Chile
411
 
3.1
 
436
 
3.8
 
452
 
2.9
 
430
 
3.8
 
442
 
2.9
 
448
 
3.7
 
Czech Republic
493
 
3.6
 
505
 
3.7
 
513
 
3.4
 
474
 
3.3
 
508
 
3.5
 
509
 
3.7
 
Denmark
493
 
2.3
 
507
 
2.9
 
512
 
2.6
 
481
 
3.3
 
493
 
2.5
 
504
 
3.5
 
Estonia
518
 
2.2
 
523
 
2.6
 
538
 
2.3
 
494
 
2.4
 
543
 
2.3
 
540
 
2.5
 
Finland
520
 
2.2
 
517
 
2.6
 
556
 
2.4
 
494
 
3.1
 
554
 
2.3
 
537
 
3.0
 
France
491
 
2.5
 
499
 
3.4
 
527
 
3.0
 
483
 
3.8
 
500
 
2.4
 
498
 
3.8
 
Germany
507
 
3.4
 
520
 
3.0
 
530
 
3.1
 
486
 
2.9
 
524
 
3.5
 
524
 
3.1
 
Greece
449
 
2.6
 
457
 
3.3
 
502
 
3.1
 
452
 
4.1
 
473
 
3.0
 
460
 
3.8
 
Hungary
473
 
3.6
 
482
 
3.7
 
508
 
3.3
 
468
 
3.9
 
493
 
3.3
 
496
 
3.4
 
Iceland
496
 
2.3
 
490
 
2.3
 
508
 
2.5
 
457
 
2.4
 
480
 
2.9
 
477
 
2.7
 
Ireland
494
 
2.6
 
509
 
3.3
 
538
 
3.0
 
509
 
3.5
 
520
 
3.1
 
524
 
3.4
 
Israel
461
 
3.5
 
472
 
7.8
 
507
 
3.9
 
463
 
8.2
 
470
 
4.0
 
470
 
7.9
 
Italy
476
 
2.2
 
494
 
2.4
 
510
 
2.3
 
471
 
2.5
 
492
 
2.4
 
495
 
2.2
 
Japan
527
 
3.6
 
545
 
4.6
 
551
 
3.6
 
527
 
4.7
 
541
 
3.5
 
552
 
4.7
 
Korea
544
 
5.1
 
562
 
5.8
 
548
 
4.5
 
525
 
5.0
 
536
 
4.2
 
539
 
4.7
 
Luxembourg
477
 
1.4
 
502
 
1.5
 
503
 
1.8
 
473
 
1.9
 
483
 
1.7
 
499
 
1.7
 
Mexico
406
 
1.4
 
420
 
1.6
 
435
 
1.6
 
411
 
1.7
 
412
 
1.3
 
418
 
1.5
 
Netherlands
518
 
3.9
 
528
 
3.6
 
525
 
3.5
 
498
 
4.0
 
520
 
3.9
 
524
 
3.7
 
New Zealand
492
 
2.9
 
507
 
3.2
 
530
 
3.5
 
495
 
3.3
 
513
 
3.3
 
518
 
3.2
 
Norway
488
 
3.4
 
490
 
2.8
 
528
 
3.9
 
481
 
3.3
 
496
 
3.7
 
493
 
3.2
 
Poland
516
 
3.8
 
520
 
4.3
 
539
 
3.1
 
497
 
3.7
 
527
 
3.2
 
524
 
3.7
 
Portugal
481
 
3.9
 
493
 
4.1
 
508
 
3.7
 
468
 
4.2
 
490
 
3.8
 
488
 
4.1
 
Slovak Republic
477
 
4.1
 
486
 
4.1
 
483
 
5.1
 
444
 
4.6
 
467
 
4.2
 
475
 
4.3
 
Slovenia
499
 
2.0
 
503
 
2.0
 
510
 
1.8
 
454
 
1.7
 
519
 
1.9
 
510
 
1.9
 
Spain
476
 
2.0
 
492
 
2.4
 
503
 
1.9
 
474
 
2.3
 
493
 
1.9
 
500
 
2.3
 
Sweden
480
 
2.4
 
477
 
3.0
 
509
 
2.8
 
458
 
4.0
 
489
 
2.8
 
481
 
3.9
 
Switzerland
524
 
3.1
 
537
 
3.5
 
527
 
2.5
 
491
 
3.1
 
512
 
2.7
 
518
 
3.3
 
Turkey
444
 
5.7
 
452
 
5.1
 
499
 
4.3
 
453
 
4.6
 
469
 
4.3
 
458
 
4.5
 
United Kingdom
488
 
3.8
 
500
 
4.2
 
512
 
3.8
 
487
 
4.5
 
508
 
3.7
 
521
 
4.5
 
United States
479
 
3.9
 
484
 
3.8
 
513
 
3.8
 
482
 
4.1
 
498
 
4.0
 
497
 
4.1
 
EU 28
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD
489
 
0.5
 
499
 
0.6
 
515
 
0.5
 
478
 
0.6
 
500
 
0.5
 
502
 
0.6
 
Brazil
383
 
2.3
 
401
 
2.2
 
425
 
2.2
 
394
 
2.4
 
404
 
2.3
 
406
 
2.3
 
China
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
India
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
373
 
4.3
 
377
 
4.4
 
410
 
4.3
 
382
 
4.8
 
383
 
4.1
 
380
 
4.1
 
Russian Federation
483
 
3.1
 
481
 
3.7
 
495
 
3.2
 
455
 
3.5
 
489
 
2.9
 
484
 
3.5
 
South Africa
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
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