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OECD Factbook 2015-2016

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2015-2016

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical publication from the OECD. Close to 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, education, energy, transportation, environment, development, health, industry, information and communications, population, employment and labour, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook includes new indicators on a number of regional indicators including GDP by metropolitan area.

Data are provided for all OECD countries, including the OECD aggregate, euro area, European Union, and where data are available, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa.

For each indicator, there is a two-page spread. A text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator, and a list of references for further information on the indicator. The second page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. Each indicator includes StatLinks which allow readers to download the corresponding data.

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a key reference tool for users working on economic and policy issues.

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OECD Factbook 2015-2016 - ISBN 9789264251113 - © OECD 2016

Expenditure on tertiary institutions
‌‌
Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services
(USD converted using PPPs for GDP)
‌2005 = 100‌
As a percentage of total expenditure
Tertiary (including R&D activities), 2012
All tertiary
excluding R&D
activities
Change in expenditure
Change in number of students
Change in expenditure per student
Public sources
Private sources
Short-cycle tertiary
Bachelor’s,
master’s, doctoral
or equivalent level
All tertiary
‌2012‌
‌2000‌
‌2012‌
‌2000‌
‌2012‌
‌2000‌
‌2012‌
‌2012‌
‌2012‌
Australia
8 267
 
18 795
 
16 859
 
10 455
 
83.5
 
132.6
 
..
 
132.8
 
..
 
99.8
 
44.9
 
55.1
 
Austria
15 071
 
15 641
 
15 549
 
11 616
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
95.3
 
4.7
 
Belgium
8 212
 
15 785
 
15 503
 
10 156
 
..
 
123.6
 
94.4
 
119.4
 
..
 
103.5
 
89.9
 
10.1
 
Canada
15 348
 
25 525
 
22 006
 
15 788
 
83.6
 
113.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
54.9
 
45.1
 
Chile
4 186
 
9 409
 
7 960
 
7 600
 
84.4
 
186.8
 
73.1
 
177.6
 
115.5
 
105.2
 
34.6
 
65.4
 
Czech Republic
16 645
 
10 304
 
10 319
 
6 807
 
65.3
 
172.2
 
72.3
 
129.6
 
90.2
 
132.9
 
79.3
 
20.7
 
Denmark
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
86.5
 
..
 
97.8
 
..
 
88.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Estonia
..
 
8 206
 
8 206
 
4 690
 
..
 
158.0
 
85.5
 
96.8
 
..
 
163.3
 
78.2
 
21.8
 
Finland
..
 
17 863
 
17 863
 
10 728
 
87.6
 
117.5
 
95.0
 
99.9
 
92.2
 
117.6
 
96.2
 
3.8
 
France
12 346
 
16 279
 
15 281
 
10 361
 
93.0
 
118.7
 
95.3
 
104.1
 
97.6
 
114.0
 
79.8
 
20.2
 
Germany
8 265
 
17 159
 
17 157
 
10 025
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
85.9
 
14.1
 
Greece
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
42.0
 
..
 
67.5
 
..
 
62.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Hungary
2 897
 
9 658
 
8 876
 
7 405
 
80.5
 
79.0
 
63.9
 
93.1
 
126.0
 
84.9
 
54.4
 
45.6
 
Iceland
9 665
 
9 373
 
9 377
 
..
 
69.9
 
107.2
 
67.6
 
119.7
 
103.4
 
89.6
 
90.6
 
9.4
 
Ireland
..
 
..
 
14 922
 
11 418
 
102.4
 
125.3
 
85.2
 
113.6
 
120.2
 
110.3
 
81.8
 
18.2
 
Israel
6 366
 
13 777
 
12 338
 
7 710
 
82.7
 
117.1
 
80.2
 
114.4
 
103.1
 
102.4
 
52.4
 
47.6
 
Italy
..
 
10 071
 
10 071
 
6 369
 
93.0
 
107.3
 
89.7
 
94.4
 
103.8
 
113.7
 
66.0
 
34.0
 
Japan
10 532
 
18 557
 
16 872
 
..
 
93.7
 
114.2
 
98.9
 
96.0
 
94.8
 
119.0
 
34.3
 
65.7
 
Korea
5 540
 
11 173
 
9 866
 
8 026
 
78.6
 
142.1
 
93.4
 
103.1
 
84.2
 
137.9
 
29.3
 
70.7
 
Luxembourg
3 749
 
34 739
 
32 876
 
21 358
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
94.8
 
5.2
 
Mexico
..
 
..
 
8 115
 
6 647
 
73.5
 
135.3
 
82.8
 
133.3
 
88.8
 
101.5
 
69.7
 
30.3
 
Netherlands
11 580
 
19 305
 
19 276
 
12 505
 
84.6
 
124.9
 
85.3
 
122.5
 
99.2
 
101.9
 
70.5
 
29.5
 
New Zealand
10 289
 
14 543
 
13 740
 
10 841
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
52.4
 
47.6
 
Norway
..
 
20 016
 
20 016
 
12 010
 
83.2
 
108.2
 
87.8
 
103.5
 
94.8
 
104.5
 
96.1
 
3.9
 
Poland
8 229
 
9 811
 
9 799
 
7 692
 
57.7
 
112.9
 
59.7
 
88.4
 
96.7
 
127.7
 
77.6
 
22.4
 
Portugal
..
 
9 196
 
9 196
 
4 917
 
71.4
 
102.9
 
90.4
 
108.3
 
79.0
 
94.9
 
54.3
 
45.7
 
Slovak Republic
..
 
9 022
 
9 022
 
6 191
 
66.9
 
151.7
 
71.3
 
117.0
 
93.8
 
129.6
 
73.8
 
26.2
 
Slovenia
6 874
 
11 615
 
11 002
 
8 888
 
..
 
103.0
 
..
 
94.8
 
..
 
108.7
 
86.1
 
13.9
 
Spain
9 394
 
13 040
 
12 356
 
8 983
 
87.0
 
116.9
 
107.5
 
117.5
 
80.9
 
99.5
 
73.1
 
26.9
 
Sweden
5 897
 
24 025
 
22 534
 
10 589
 
86.7
 
121.0
 
82.3
 
101.9
 
105.3
 
118.7
 
89.3
 
10.7
 
Switzerland
..
 
..
 
25 264
 
11 632
 
76.4
 
111.2
 
75.6
 
128.0
 
101.1
 
86.9
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
..
 
..
 
7 779
 
5 557
 
76.8
 
192.8
 
71.9
 
158.6
 
106.9
 
121.5
 
80.4
 
19.6
 
United Kingdom
..
 
..
 
24 338
 
18 593
 
..
 
..
 
93.4
 
105.1
 
..
 
..
 
56.9
 
43.1
 
United States
..
 
..
 
26 562
 
23 706
 
78.1
 
124.5
 
88.6
 
129.7
 
88.2
 
96.0
 
37.8
 
62.2
 
EU 28
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD
8 968
 
15 111
 
15 028
 
10 309
 
79.6
 
126.7
 
83.6
 
114.9
 
96.5
 
111.0
 
69.7
 
30.3
 
Brazil
..
 
..
 
10 455
 
9 595
 
78.9
 
148.8
 
70.4
 
160.5
 
112.1
 
92.7
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
..
 
..
 
2 089
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
70.7
 
29.3
 
Russian Federation
5 183
 
9 115
 
8 363
 
7 641
 
44.3
 
141.9
 
..
 
142.3
 
..
 
99.7
 
63.5
 
36.5
 
South Africa
..
 
..
 
10 885
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
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