1887

OECD Factbook 2015-2016

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2015-2016

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical publication from the OECD. Close to 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, education, energy, transportation, environment, development, health, industry, information and communications, population, employment and labour, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook includes new indicators on a number of regional indicators including GDP by metropolitan area.

Data are provided for all OECD countries, including the OECD aggregate, euro area, European Union, and where data are available, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa.

For each indicator, there is a two-page spread. A text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator, and a list of references for further information on the indicator. The second page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. Each indicator includes StatLinks which allow readers to download the corresponding data.

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a key reference tool for users working on economic and policy issues.

English German, Spanish

From Chapter: Government debt
.

Adjusted general government debt (excluding unfunded pension liabilities)

As a percentage of GDP

English

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 - ISBN 9789264251113 - © OECD 2016

Adjusted general government debt (excluding unfunded pension liabilities)
As a percentage of GDP
‌‌
‌2002‌
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
Australia
23.9
 
20.9
 
21.4
 
21.0
 
19.7
 
19.5
 
20.7
 
25.4
 
28.5
 
33.1
 
36.6
 
37.0
 
40.7
 
Austria
73.4
 
72.0
 
71.3
 
75.8
 
72.4
 
68.7
 
74.0
 
86.3
 
90.3
 
91.3
 
97.5
 
93.6
 
102.2
 
Belgium
118.0
 
114.4
 
110.1
 
107.6
 
99.7
 
93.5
 
100.8
 
109.2
 
107.4
 
109.8
 
119.9
 
117.7
 
129.3
 
Canada
84.8
 
80.3
 
76.5
 
75.8
 
74.9
 
70.4
 
74.7
 
87.4
 
89.5
 
93.1
 
95.9
 
92.3
 
94.6
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
17.4
 
14.1
 
12.2
 
12.4
 
13.4
 
15.6
 
18.3
 
18.8
 
19.4
 
23.1
 
Czech Republic
30.1
 
32.6
 
32.2
 
31.9
 
31.6
 
30.3
 
34.2
 
41.0
 
45.8
 
48.1
 
57.8
 
57.9
 
57.0
 
Denmark
58.1
 
56.1
 
52.4
 
45.1
 
40.5
 
34.6
 
42.0
 
49.5
 
53.8
 
60.6
 
61.5
 
58.0
 
60.6
 
Estonia
7.6
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
8.2
 
8.0
 
7.2
 
8.4
 
12.6
 
11.9
 
9.4
 
12.9
 
13.4
 
13.6
 
Finland
48.2
 
49.2
 
49.4
 
46.5
 
43.1
 
39.1
 
38.3
 
49.2
 
55.1
 
57.5
 
63.4
 
64.4
 
71.0
 
France
74.6
 
78.5
 
80.0
 
81.7
 
76.9
 
75.6
 
81.5
 
93.2
 
96.8
 
100.7
 
110.4
 
110.1
 
119.2
 
Germany
61.3
 
64.8
 
67.7
 
70.3
 
68.4
 
64.3
 
68.1
 
75.6
 
84.1
 
83.5
 
86.4
 
81.6
 
82.2
 
Greece
111.0
 
105.7
 
107.2
 
111.3
 
115.8
 
113.1
 
117.4
 
134.7
 
128.4
 
110.7
 
167.0
 
181.7
 
179.8
 
Hungary
60.0
 
60.7
 
64.1
 
67.1
 
70.7
 
71.5
 
75.0
 
84.1
 
86.0
 
95.0
 
97.9
 
95.9
 
99.3
 
Iceland
..
 
39.9
 
34.8
 
26.5
 
32.1
 
30.2
 
70.9
 
85.6
 
90.9
 
97.5
 
95.5
 
87.8
 
..
 
Ireland
34.1
 
32.9
 
31.5
 
31.4
 
27.6
 
27.4
 
47.5
 
67.8
 
84.6
 
109.2
 
129.7
 
133.0
 
125.4
 
Israel
94.9
 
100.2
 
98.0
 
95.7
 
85.4
 
81.3
 
81.0
 
84.0
 
80.3
 
78.6
 
79.0
 
77.0
 
..
 
Italy
116.9
 
114.2
 
114.6
 
117.4
 
115.0
 
110.6
 
112.9
 
125.9
 
124.8
 
117.8
 
136.0
 
143.2
 
156.2
 
Japan
161.8
 
172.3
 
178.8
 
180.2
 
180.0
 
180.0
 
184.2
 
207.3
 
210.6
 
226.5
 
234.8
 
239.3
 
..
 
Korea
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Luxembourg
12.3
 
13.2
 
14.1
 
12.4
 
11.9
 
11.6
 
19.2
 
18.9
 
26.2
 
27.0
 
30.6
 
30.0
 
33.7
 
Mexico
..
 
42.5
 
38.0
 
35.5
 
34.9
 
37.9
 
41.9
 
44.3
 
40.8
 
46.4
 
49.6
 
48.7
 
..
 
Netherlands
56.9
 
58.0
 
58.0
 
57.1
 
51.0
 
48.2
 
61.0
 
63.7
 
67.6
 
71.6
 
77.4
 
76.4
 
81.0
 
New Zealand
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Norway
38.7
 
48.0
 
49.9
 
46.9
 
57.8
 
55.6
 
54.2
 
48.1
 
48.4
 
33.8
 
34.5
 
34.8
 
32.4
 
Poland
..
 
54.8
 
53.7
 
54.4
 
54.5
 
50.9
 
53.9
 
57.1
 
60.7
 
61.1
 
60.7
 
62.6
 
65.9
 
Portugal
66.8
 
70.6
 
76.7
 
80.0
 
79.4
 
78.1
 
82.8
 
96.1
 
104.1
 
107.8
 
136.9
 
140.7
 
149.9
 
Slovak Republic
49.4
 
47.5
 
45.1
 
38.1
 
36.0
 
34.5
 
33.5
 
42.0
 
46.9
 
49.4
 
57.7
 
60.7
 
60.1
 
Slovenia
34.0
 
33.5
 
34.3
 
33.4
 
33.3
 
29.1
 
28.3
 
42.5
 
46.8
 
50.4
 
60.6
 
79.5
 
97.3
 
Spain
59.3
 
54.4
 
52.5
 
50.0
 
45.7
 
41.7
 
47.1
 
61.7
 
66.5
 
77.5
 
92.0
 
103.8
 
117.7
 
Sweden
57.7
 
56.6
 
56.0
 
56.9
 
51.0
 
45.4
 
44.0
 
47.2
 
44.8
 
45.1
 
45.3
 
47.3
 
53.8
 
Switzerland
58.9
 
57.4
 
58.1
 
56.1
 
50.1
 
49.9
 
46.1
 
44.9
 
43.5
 
43.3
 
44.5
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
54.3
 
52.5
 
47.8
 
46.4
 
39.7
 
..
 
United Kingdom
46.0
 
45.6
 
48.9
 
50.8
 
50.0
 
51.0
 
61.7
 
75.5
 
88.0
 
101.5
 
106.6
 
102.6
 
113.6
 
United States
55.2
 
58.2
 
65.1
 
64.3
 
63.0
 
63.1
 
71.7
 
84.8
 
93.4
 
97.6
 
101.0
 
103.2
 
103.4
 
EU 28
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Brazil
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
China
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
India
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Russian Federation
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
South Africa
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
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