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OECD Factbook 2013

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2013

OECD Factbook 2013 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical annual publication from the OECD. More than 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: agriculture, economic production, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, industry, information and communications, international trade, labour force, population, taxation, public expenditure, and R&D. This year,  the OECD Factbook features a focus chapter on gender.

Data are provided for all OECD member countries including area totals, and in some cases for selected non-member economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia & South Africa). For each indicator, there is a two-page spread: a text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator and a list of references for further information on the indicator; the opposite page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table where readers can download the corresponding data.

The OECD Factbook is also available as a free app for your mobile device! Visit your app store.

English German, French

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Factbook 2012 - ISSN  - © OECD 2012

Triadic patent families
Number
‌‌
‌1998‌
‌1999‌
‌2000‌
‌2001‌
‌2002‌
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
Australia
301
 
295
 
373
 
276
 
350
 
342
 
367
 
342
 
332
 
318
 
304
 
287
 
284
 
Austria
270
 
259
 
275
 
257
 
322
 
339
 
384
 
429
 
428
 
411
 
389
 
406
 
407
 
Belgium
399
 
374
 
327
 
314
 
343
 
326
 
414
 
379
 
407
 
427
 
403
 
391
 
414
 
Canada
537
 
524
 
526
 
497
 
594
 
577
 
653
 
668
 
661
 
678
 
611
 
635
 
638
 
Chile
2
 
2
 
2
 
5
 
5
 
3
 
5
 
5
 
6
 
5
 
5
 
7
 
9
 
Czech Republic
16
 
10
 
9
 
12
 
14
 
15
 
15
 
15
 
16
 
21
 
22
 
21
 
20
 
Denmark
272
 
237
 
223
 
180
 
231
 
246
 
296
 
311
 
304
 
312
 
308
 
297
 
303
 
Estonia
2
 
1
 
1
 
2
 
1
 
3
 
1
 
2
 
5
 
5
 
6
 
8
 
8
 
Finland
454
 
453
 
350
 
303
 
275
 
301
 
339
 
344
 
367
 
364
 
349
 
346
 
353
 
France
2 289
 
2 348
 
2 140
 
1 960
 
2 217
 
2 268
 
2 412
 
2 402
 
2 431
 
2 477
 
2 476
 
2 431
 
2 447
 
Germany
6 163
 
6 016
 
5 804
 
5 653
 
5 502
 
5 446
 
5 635
 
5 779
 
5 960
 
5 942
 
5 741
 
5 625
 
5 685
 
Greece
12
 
6
 
6
 
7
 
8
 
13
 
9
 
15
 
14
 
15
 
12
 
12
 
9
 
Hungary
18
 
40
 
29
 
31
 
27
 
41
 
44
 
40
 
44
 
47
 
46
 
43
 
44
 
Iceland
6
 
7
 
11
 
3
 
9
 
4
 
2
 
4
 
4
 
4
 
4
 
5
 
4
 
Ireland
38
 
75
 
31
 
47
 
52
 
66
 
70
 
79
 
74
 
79
 
80
 
78
 
76
 
Israel
302
 
278
 
321
 
288
 
268
 
295
 
350
 
420
 
420
 
385
 
371
 
341
 
335
 
Italy
678
 
663
 
638
 
647
 
712
 
710
 
756
 
745
 
756
 
745
 
732
 
713
 
707
 
Japan
11 758
 
13 159
 
14 749
 
14 050
 
14 294
 
15 016
 
15 155
 
14 859
 
15 048
 
14 543
 
13 106
 
13 070
 
15 067
 
Korea
469
 
581
 
732
 
887
 
1 213
 
1 695
 
2 000
 
2 129
 
2 134
 
2 202
 
1 780
 
2 067
 
2 182
 
Luxembourg
22
 
22
 
20
 
26
 
10
 
20
 
23
 
18
 
22
 
17
 
21
 
17
 
17
 
Mexico
10
 
11
 
9
 
12
 
10
 
15
 
15
 
14
 
19
 
17
 
16
 
13
 
12
 
Netherlands
854
 
915
 
1 022
 
1 061
 
967
 
939
 
945
 
902
 
1 010
 
952
 
939
 
890
 
828
 
New Zealand
52
 
48
 
47
 
33
 
55
 
57
 
63
 
50
 
60
 
55
 
51
 
49
 
49
 
Norway
97
 
107
 
105
 
78
 
108
 
98
 
107
 
110
 
120
 
119
 
112
 
121
 
118
 
Poland
4
 
8
 
9
 
12
 
11
 
10
 
17
 
13
 
14
 
17
 
20
 
23
 
27
 
Portugal
5
 
5
 
3
 
6
 
6
 
7
 
6
 
12
 
17
 
32
 
30
 
27
 
25
 
Slovak Republic
3
 
3
 
2
 
2
 
3
 
5
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
3
 
3
 
3
 
4
 
Slovenia
12
 
4
 
9
 
6
 
14
 
13
 
12
 
18
 
13
 
14
 
16
 
15
 
13
 
Spain
127
 
126
 
145
 
153
 
164
 
156
 
218
 
220
 
207
 
221
 
227
 
233
 
242
 
Sweden
852
 
882
 
618
 
668
 
693
 
674
 
696
 
831
 
899
 
925
 
901
 
870
 
882
 
Switzerland
805
 
773
 
811
 
734
 
806
 
844
 
879
 
870
 
906
 
866
 
850
 
841
 
847
 
Turkey
7
 
3
 
4
 
10
 
8
 
9
 
13
 
13
 
14
 
21
 
21
 
26
 
35
 
United Kingdom
1 796
 
1 647
 
1 622
 
1 601
 
1 651
 
1 666
 
1 656
 
1 667
 
1 705
 
1 685
 
1 632
 
1 613
 
1 598
 
United States
14 515
 
14 574
 
13 794
 
13 605
 
14 471
 
14 803
 
15 185
 
15 352
 
15 857
 
15 033
 
14 096
 
13 862
 
13 837
 
EU 27
14 288
 
14 105
 
13 291
 
12 955
 
13 231
 
13 289
 
13 964
 
14 238
 
14 707
 
14 723
 
14 371
 
14 072
 
14 124
 
OECD
43 145
 
44 458
 
44 768
 
43 427
 
45 413
 
47 022
 
48 744
 
49 057
 
50 275
 
48 956
 
45 684
 
45 382
 
47 527
 
Brazil
29
 
27
 
29
 
45
 
42
 
43
 
49
 
52
 
49
 
68
 
67
 
60
 
60
 
China
49
 
60
 
71
 
100
 
155
 
219
 
228
 
312
 
365
 
467
 
507
 
709
 
875
 
India
32
 
39
 
54
 
83
 
126
 
133
 
115
 
130
 
147
 
150
 
162
 
179
 
201
 
Indonesia
3
 
1
 
4
 
2
 
3
 
2
 
0
 
1
 
4
 
1
 
2
 
2
 
3
 
Russian Federation
96
 
62
 
73
 
53
 
51
 
53
 
50
 
60
 
70
 
68
 
64
 
65
 
73
 
South Africa
37
 
28
 
36
 
17
 
27
 
32
 
30
 
35
 
39
 
32
 
31
 
27
 
26
 

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