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OECD Factbook 2013

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2013

OECD Factbook 2013 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical annual publication from the OECD. More than 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: agriculture, economic production, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, industry, information and communications, international trade, labour force, population, taxation, public expenditure, and R&D. This year,  the OECD Factbook features a focus chapter on gender.

Data are provided for all OECD member countries including area totals, and in some cases for selected non-member economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia & South Africa). For each indicator, there is a two-page spread: a text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator and a list of references for further information on the indicator; the opposite page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table where readers can download the corresponding data.

The OECD Factbook is also available as a free app for your mobile device! Visit your app store.

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Gross domestic expenditure on R&D

Million US dollars – 2005 constant prices and PPPs

English French

Factbook 2012 - ISSN  - © OECD 2012

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Million US dollars - 2005 constant prices and PPPs
‌‌
‌1999‌
‌2000‌
‌2001‌
‌2002‌
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
Australia
..
 
8 936
 
..
 
10 719
 
..
 
12 061
 
..
 
14 902
 
..
 
17 644
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Austria
4 636
 
4 920
 
5 266
 
5 546
 
5 902
 
6 043
 
6 803
 
6 996
 
7 455
 
8 052
 
7 896
 
8 184
 
8 417
 
Belgium
5 810
 
6 125
 
6 497
 
6 165
 
6 018
 
6 149
 
6 171
 
6 440
 
6 750
 
7 081
 
7 090
 
7 109
 
..
 
Canada
17 032
 
19 063
 
21 215
 
21 352
 
21 687
 
22 709
 
23 090
 
23 336
 
23 356
 
22 796
 
22 416
 
21 708
 
21 448
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
712
 
889
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Czech Republic
1 881
 
2 079
 
2 125
 
2 159
 
2 335
 
2 442
 
2 948
 
3 467
 
3 650
 
3 570
 
3 582
 
3 888
 
..
 
Denmark
3 554
 
..
 
4 063
 
4 289
 
4 421
 
4 363
 
4 419
 
4 608
 
4 875
 
5 342
 
5 408
 
5 471
 
..
 
Estonia
98
 
95
 
117
 
128
 
148
 
175
 
207
 
277
 
285
 
324
 
311
 
362
 
..
 
Finland
4 260
 
4 733
 
4 799
 
4 955
 
5 170
 
5 401
 
5 601
 
5 846
 
6 151
 
6 576
 
6 406
 
6 553
 
..
 
France
35 799
 
36 946
 
38 479
 
39 521
 
38 794
 
39 395
 
39 236
 
40 191
 
40 623
 
41 394
 
42 720
 
43 214
 
..
 
Germany
58 231
 
61 579
 
62 557
 
63 289
 
63 981
 
63 800
 
64 299
 
67 595
 
69 569
 
74 705
 
74 375
 
77 098
 
..
 
Greece
1 291
 
..
 
1 356
 
..
 
1 449
 
1 471
 
1 615
 
1 670
 
1 770
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Hungary
915
 
1 124
 
1 348
 
1 516
 
1 474
 
1 447
 
1 616
 
1 788
 
1 751
 
1 803
 
1 955
 
1 967
 
..
 
Iceland
185
 
224
 
258
 
258
 
252
 
..
 
287
 
324
 
308
 
308
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Ireland
1 360
 
1 413
 
1 449
 
1 543
 
1 706
 
1 878
 
2 009
 
2 119
 
2 297
 
2 528
 
2 858
 
2 844
 
..
 
Israel
4 700
 
6 228
 
6 628
 
6 607
 
6 296
 
6 610
 
7 146
 
7 684
 
8 714
 
8 937
 
8 422
 
8 719
 
..
 
Italy
15 474
 
16 411
 
17 376
 
18 110
 
17 766
 
17 920
 
17 999
 
19 095
 
20 204
 
20 527
 
20 337
 
20 606
 
..
 
Japan
106 715
 
110 017
 
113 086
 
114 930
 
117 927
 
120 301
 
128 695
 
134 844
 
139 916
 
138 684
 
126 872
 
128 581
 
..
 
Korea
17 574
 
20 213
 
22 641
 
23 586
 
25 067
 
28 305
 
30 618
 
34 712
 
38 923
 
41 685
 
44 311
 
49 394
 
..
 
Luxembourg
..
 
441
 
..
 
..
 
476
 
492
 
495
 
554
 
561
 
562
 
563
 
569
 
..
 
Mexico
4 334
 
4 011
 
4 239
 
4 727
 
4 769
 
5 014
 
5 346
 
5 266
 
5 215
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Netherlands
10 220
 
10 385
 
10 572
 
10 290
 
10 533
 
10 823
 
10 904
 
11 157
 
11 134
 
11 071
 
11 016
 
11 379
 
..
 
New Zealand
831
 
..
 
1 006
 
..
 
1 144
 
..
 
1 189
 
..
 
1 304
 
..
 
1 427
 
..
 
..
 
Norway
2 687
 
..
 
3 009
 
3 082
 
3 208
 
3 175
 
3 316
 
3 503
 
3 832
 
4 023
 
4 048
 
4 024
 
..
 
Poland
2 989
 
2 912
 
2 850
 
2 595
 
2 606
 
2 831
 
2 982
 
3 107
 
3 384
 
3 790
 
4 304
 
4 876
 
..
 
Portugal
1 429
 
1 574
 
1 704
 
1 627
 
1 565
 
1 663
 
1 755
 
2 256
 
2 728
 
3 519
 
3 728
 
3 667
 
..
 
Slovak Republic
444
 
444
 
450
 
424
 
446
 
418
 
440
 
459
 
480
 
522
 
506
 
692
 
..
 
Slovenia
513
 
543
 
605
 
616
 
549
 
629
 
675
 
775
 
769
 
911
 
942
 
1 081
 
..
 
Spain
8 302
 
9 193
 
9 607
 
10 635
 
11 657
 
12 203
 
13 331
 
14 832
 
16 220
 
17 457
 
17 302
 
17 240
 
..
 
Sweden
8 864
 
..
 
10 814
 
..
 
10 443
 
10 233
 
10 510
 
11 346
 
10 809
 
11 686
 
10 804
 
10 835
 
..
 
Switzerland
..
 
6 308
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 525
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8 728
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
2 739
 
2 996
 
3 171
 
3 293
 
3 184
 
3 735
 
4 617
 
4 845
 
6 314
 
6 380
 
7 110
 
7 664
 
..
 
United Kingdom
29 856
 
31 056
 
31 594
 
32 399
 
32 759
 
32 524
 
34 081
 
35 331
 
37 219
 
37 018
 
36 731
 
35 615
 
..
 
United States
282 775
 
302 231
 
306 683
 
300 510
 
307 769
 
310 261
 
325 936
 
339 956
 
355 488
 
371 813
 
365 994
 
..
 
..
 
EU 27
197 094
 
208 068
 
215 363
 
219 609
 
221 669
 
223 960
 
229 931
 
242 058
 
251 118
 
262 891
 
262 780
 
267 201
 
..
 
OECD
650 059
 
690 857
 
712 638
 
715 336
 
730 083
 
743 415
 
779 529
 
818 588
 
857 502
 
888 551
 
873 833
 
..
 
..
 
Brazil
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
China
23 512
 
30 401
 
34 673
 
42 570
 
49 618
 
59 264
 
71 055
 
83 902
 
96 304
 
111 183
 
140 637
 
161 552
 
..
 
India
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Russian Federation
11 419
 
13 242
 
15 602
 
17 308
 
19 139
 
18 364
 
18 121
 
19 689
 
22 230
 
21 891
 
24 185
 
23 394
 
..
 
South Africa
..
 
..
 
2 536
 
..
 
2 921
 
3 271
 
3 654
 
4 005
 
4 179
 
4 335
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
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