1887

OECD Factbook 2013

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2013

OECD Factbook 2013 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical annual publication from the OECD. More than 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: agriculture, economic production, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, industry, information and communications, international trade, labour force, population, taxation, public expenditure, and R&D. This year,  the OECD Factbook features a focus chapter on gender.

Data are provided for all OECD member countries including area totals, and in some cases for selected non-member economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia & South Africa). For each indicator, there is a two-page spread: a text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator and a list of references for further information on the indicator; the opposite page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table where readers can download the corresponding data.

The OECD Factbook is also available as a free app for your mobile device! Visit your app store.

English German, French

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General government debt

As a percentage of GDP

English French

Factbook 2012 - ISSN  - © OECD 2012

General government debt
As a percentage of GDP
‌‌
‌1999‌
‌2000‌
‌2001‌
‌2002‌
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
Australia
39.8
 
35.6
 
34.2
 
33.3
 
30.7
 
29.0
 
28.5
 
27.1
 
26.0
 
27.2
 
36.3
 
40.9
 
..
 
Austria
70.8
 
70.8
 
71.7
 
72.8
 
71.1
 
70.6
 
70.6
 
66.0
 
62.3
 
67.1
 
73.4
 
77.5
 
..
 
Belgium
119.4
 
113.6
 
111.9
 
108.2
 
103.3
 
98.2
 
95.9
 
91.6
 
87.9
 
92.8
 
99.8
 
100.0
 
102.4
 
Canada
116.3
 
105.6
 
105.5
 
103.9
 
98.7
 
92.2
 
91.2
 
89.2
 
83.9
 
89.1
 
102.9
 
104.2
 
106.3
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
17.4
 
14.1
 
12.2
 
12.4
 
13.4
 
15.6
 
18.1
 
Czech Republic
24.4
 
25.1
 
29.3
 
31.5
 
33.2
 
33.0
 
32.7
 
32.5
 
30.9
 
34.3
 
41.0
 
44.5
 
..
 
Denmark
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
56.6
 
53.6
 
45.4
 
41.0
 
34.3
 
41.4
 
51.2
 
54.8
 
61.8
 
Estonia
10.9
 
9.4
 
8.9
 
10.2
 
10.8
 
8.5
 
8.2
 
8.0
 
7.2
 
8.2
 
12.4
 
12.5
 
..
 
Finland
54.9
 
52.5
 
50.1
 
49.7
 
51.1
 
51.3
 
48.5
 
44.7
 
40.4
 
39.8
 
51.4
 
56.9
 
..
 
France
69.0
 
67.9
 
67.2
 
70.7
 
75.2
 
77.1
 
78.9
 
73.9
 
73.0
 
79.2
 
91.0
 
94.9
 
..
 
Germany
61.7
 
60.9
 
60.2
 
62.6
 
66.0
 
69.0
 
71.7
 
69.8
 
65.7
 
69.7
 
77.4
 
86.9
 
..
 
Greece
102.4
 
115.9
 
118.1
 
116.6
 
110.4
 
112.8
 
112.7
 
115.9
 
113.9
 
117.5
 
133.6
 
123.0
 
99.5
 
Hungary
67.5
 
61.7
 
59.7
 
60.8
 
61.8
 
65.1
 
68.4
 
71.8
 
72.8
 
76.3
 
85.8
 
86.3
 
..
 
Iceland
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Ireland
51.5
 
40.2
 
37.4
 
35.0
 
33.8
 
32.5
 
32.4
 
28.6
 
28.7
 
49.6
 
71.2
 
91.7
 
..
 
Israel
..
 
..
 
96.8
 
101.5
 
106.8
 
104.8
 
102.1
 
90.2
 
87.7
 
86.6
 
89.5
 
86.5
 
..
 
Italy
125.5
 
121.0
 
120.1
 
118.8
 
116.4
 
116.7
 
119.4
 
116.8
 
112.1
 
114.6
 
127.7
 
126.3
 
..
 
Japan
131.1
 
141.5
 
151.4
 
161.8
 
172.3
 
178.8
 
180.2
 
180.0
 
180.0
 
184.2
 
207.3
 
210.2
 
..
 
Korea
..
 
..
 
..
 
19.2
 
19.7
 
23.3
 
25.5
 
28.6
 
28.7
 
29.9
 
33.3
 
34.2
 
36.0
 
Luxembourg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.5
 
11.3
 
18.3
 
17.9
 
24.5
 
..
 
Mexico
33.6
 
31.1
 
31.2
 
33.2
 
32.7
 
31.0
 
31.2
 
28.9
 
28.2
 
30.1
 
37.7
 
..
 
..
 
Netherlands
71.6
 
63.9
 
59.4
 
60.3
 
61.4
 
61.9
 
60.7
 
54.5
 
51.5
 
64.8
 
67.9
 
71.7
 
75.9
 
New Zealand
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Norway
29.1
 
32.7
 
31.8
 
39.0
 
48.4
 
50.9
 
47.8
 
59.0
 
56.8
 
54.3
 
48.9
 
49.6
 
33.8
 
Poland
46.6
 
45.4
 
43.8
 
55.0
 
55.9
 
53.3
 
54.1
 
54.2
 
51.0
 
55.7
 
58.4
 
62.7
 
..
 
Portugal
62.3
 
62.4
 
64.2
 
67.9
 
70.2
 
73.4
 
77.6
 
77.3
 
75.4
 
80.7
 
93.3
 
97.5
 
96.8
 
Slovak Republic
53.5
 
57.6
 
57.1
 
50.2
 
48.2
 
47.6
 
39.2
 
34.1
 
32.9
 
32.0
 
40.4
 
47.1
 
..
 
Slovenia
..
 
..
 
33.6
 
34.7
 
34.1
 
34.9
 
34.0
 
33.8
 
30.7
 
30.4
 
44.3
 
48.4
 
56.3
 
Spain
69.4
 
66.6
 
62.0
 
60.4
 
55.4
 
53.4
 
50.7
 
46.2
 
42.3
 
47.7
 
62.7
 
66.8
 
75.1
 
Sweden
73.0
 
64.0
 
62.0
 
59.8
 
58.8
 
59.5
 
60.2
 
53.6
 
48.8
 
47.5
 
51.1
 
48.0
 
..
 
Switzerland
47.7
 
48.9
 
48.5
 
54.9
 
54.5
 
55.1
 
53.0
 
47.1
 
43.9
 
40.2
 
38.7
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
United Kingdom
54.6
 
54.5
 
49.3
 
48.8
 
48.6
 
50.7
 
53.4
 
53.0
 
53.5
 
63.9
 
79.5
 
88.8
 
104.9
 
United States
61.2
 
55.1
 
55.0
 
57.4
 
60.7
 
68.6
 
68.2
 
66.9
 
67.5
 
76.5
 
90.4
 
99.1
 
103.5
 
EU 27
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Brazil
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
China
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
India
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Russian Federation
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
South Africa
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
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