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OECD Factbook 2009

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2009

OECD Factbook 2009 is the fifth edition of a comprehensive and dynamic statistical annual from the OECD.  More than 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, agriculture, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health and quality of life, industry, information and communications, population/labour force, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook features a focus chapter on inequality. Data are provided for all OECD member countries with area totals, and in some cases, for selected non-member economies.

 

For each indicator, there is a two-page spread.  A text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator, and a list of references for further information on the indicator.  The next page contains a table and a graph providing - at a glance - the key message conveyed by the data.  A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table directing the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.

OECD Factbook 2009 is a key reference tool for everyone working on economic and policy issues.

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Infant mortality

Numerous studies have taken infant mortality rates as a health outcome to examine the effect of a variety of medical and non-medical determinants of health. The infant mortality rate, the rate at which babies of less than one year of age die, reflects the effect of economic and social conditions on the health of mothers and newborns as well as the effectiveness of health systems. The fact that some countries with a high level of health expenditure do not necessarily exhibit low levels of infant mortality has led to the conclusion that more health spending is not necessarily required to obtain better results. A body of research suggests that many factors beyond the quality and efficiency of the health system, such as income inequality, social environment, and individual lifestyles and attitudes, influence infant mortality rates.

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