2016 OECD Economic Surveys: Poland 2016

image of OECD Economic Surveys: Poland 2016

This 2016 OECD Economic Survey of the Poland examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. The special chapters cover: Skills and migration; Transport and energy infrastructure.



Improving transport and energy infrastructure investment

Poland has significantly upgraded its infrastructure network over the past decade. However, bottlenecks still weigh on productivity growth and environmental and health outcomes. The EU 2014-20 programming period is an opportunity to improve the management of infrastructure investment. Regularly updating national infrastructure strategies and promoting cost-benefit analyses and ex post evaluations would increase the coherence of sectoral development plans. Strengthening local governance and ensuring the independence of the network industry regulators and the Competition Authority would also be good moves. At the same time, rebuilding fiscal buffers and promoting long-term financing instruments will be critical over the medium term, while increasing environmental taxation and road pricing would promote greener investment. As many local governments lack administrative capacity, relying more on central government assistance for project management and public procurement procedures would improve infrastructure delivery. In the transport sector, the country allocated most recent funding to roads, but it plans significant investment in railway and urban public transport in 2014-20. Strengthening metropolitan governance, building up medium-term infrastructure management capabilities and reducing funding uncertainty would ensure more efficient spending. In the energy sector, electricity generation capacity is tight, while regulatory uncertainty, administrative burdens and a lack of interregional and international trade capacity has hampered the development of renewables. The authorities are seeking to develop nuclear power, but they need to take fully into account tail risks involved and its long-term costs. More energy efficiency investment would also be valuable, as current support systems do not provide sufficient incentives.



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