2004 OECD Economic Surveys: Netherlands 2004

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In this 2004 review of the Dutch economy, OECD examines the reasons for the volatility in the Dutch economy and makes recommendations in such areas as housing and pension reform, fiscal policy, labour force participation, product market competition,  innovation and productivity, and sustainable development. 

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Economic Developments and Policy Challenges

Economic growth has been anaemic since the boom of the late 1990s came to an end – growth has gone from well above the euro area average to well below it. The amplitude of the current business cycle is large both by historical and international comparison. A number of factors beyond the control of the Dutch authorities – such as developments in world trade, stock prices and the euro-dollar exchange rate – boosted growth in the late 1990s but have since been a drag on growth. But some structural economic policies – pension fund regulation and housing market policies in particular – have also amplified the business cycle while at the same time undermining economic efficiency. From a longer term perspective, economic growth has also ...

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