2019 OECD Economic Surveys: Luxembourg 2019

image of OECD Economic Surveys: Luxembourg 2019

Luxembourg is one of the most prosperous economies in the OECD. However, prosperity and quality of life cannot be taken for granted. This Survey focuses on three main challenges. The first concerns housing: strong population growth and supply constraints have made prices surge, which worsens affordability and creates vulnerabilities for some households and some banks. Tackling housing supply constraints and increasing the supply of social rental housing are key to improving housing affordability. The second challenge is reviving productivity growth, which will require supporting viable non-frontier firms to catch up and to help frontier firms to innovate more. The third challenge is to achieve a more sustainable and inclusive growth. This would require, among other measures, fiscal reforms to address rising pension expenditure and tilt revenues towards environmental and property taxation.


English Also available in: French

Executive Summary

The economy has continued to expand rapidly (Figure A). GDP grew by 2.6% in 2018, mainly underpinned by private consumption. Over most of the past decade, GDP growth in Luxembourg has strongly outpaced the euro area average. Coupled with other strengths, such as relatively low gender inequality and a healthy work-life balance, high income levels are a mainstay of Luxembourg’s well-being.

English Also available in: French


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