Executive summary

Strong growth, innovation and structural reforms in the decade preceding the global economic and financial crisis transformed Finland into one of the world’s most competitive economies, ensuring a high level of well-being for its citizens. More recently, however, competitiveness has deteriorated and output has fallen, as electronics and forestry collapsed. The latest settlement between social partners for modest wage increases over the next two years will help. More broadly, economic revival requires building on impressive human capital, strong institutions and sound macroeconomic and financial management to strengthen growth and increase integration in global value chains.

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