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2006 OECD Economic Surveys: Czech Republic 2006

image of OECD Economic Surveys: Czech Republic 2006

This 2006 edition of OECD's periodic review of the Czech economy finds that economic growth prospects have improved and that monetary conditions are good, but that much work is needed in public spending reform, improving the labour market, and enhancing the business environment. Special chapters examine pension reform, fiscal sustainability of state and municipal governments, modernising the education system, and boosting innovation.

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Enhancing the business environment: policies to promote innovation

The Czech government considers innovation policy a key component of the effort to improve the business environment. This chapter underscores the importance for the Czech Republic of expanding R&D activities that have a potential for commercial innovation. It also points to the relevance of good general business conditions in encouraging research and ensuring that the economy benefits from the international diffusion of innovation. Concerning targeted policies, the need for structural reforms to improve the research and innovation environment is described. The chapter looks at options to create a coherent governance framework for public R&D and to make the allocation of research funds efficient. Assessment of changes in R&D tax allowances and the strategy for giving direct support to innovative SMEs is also made. Finally, the chapter considers what reforms are needed to help the creation of stronger science-industry links and the take-off of the venture capital and “business angels” market.

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