Making the labour market more inclusive

Economic growth and recent policy reforms have increased employment and reduced overall poverty. Women and young people have entered the labour force in greater numbers, but their participation rates remain low compared to most OECD and Latin American countries. Attitudes towards women’s work and childcare commitments as well as regulations regarding childcare provision pose a barrier to female employment. Overall education quality and access to higher education have improved, but early stages of compulsory schooling remain the priority and poor linkages between education and job related skills often limit employment prospects. Among low-skilled workers, a high minimum wage and strict employment protection pose a barrier to employment, and the public employment services and training systems are still underdeveloped. Expanding childcare, promoting a more flexible labour market and strengthening education and skills policies, among others, would make the labour market more inclusive.

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