2019 OECD Economic Surveys: Argentina 2019

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Over many decades, Argentina’s economy has been held back by weak policy settings and productivity has stagnated. Recent and additional reforms will help to raise prosperity for all Argentinians in the medium term. Strengthening competition by reducing barriers to market entry and foreign trade has particularly high payoffs. Tariff barriers have prevented a stronger integration into the world economy, which could raise consumer purchasing power, reduce the cost of firms’ inputs and lead companies in shielded sectors to become more productive. Currently, many jobs are trapped in activities with limited potential for productivity and wage growth. As job reallocation can result in temporary income losses, policies should ease the transition by enhancing training and social protection. Social policies are effective in reducing inequalities and poverty continued its declining trend during 2016 and 2017, until a severe economic crisis pushed the economy into a deep recession in 2018. This has shifted the immediate policy focus to restoring confidence and unwinding significant fiscal and external imbalances. Swift and decisive policy responses were necessary and their implementation will lay the grounds for a return of macroeconomic stability and a recovery from the recession, although significant risks remain.


English Also available in: Spanish, French

Basic Statistics of Argentina, 2017

(Numbers in parentheses refer to the OECD average)*

This Survey was prepared in the Economics Department of the OECD by Jens Arnold and Robert Grundke under the supervision of Piritta Sorsa. Statistical research assistance was provided by Anne Legendre and editorial assistance by Carolina González. The Survey was discussed at a meeting of the Economic and Development Review Committee on 22 January 2019 and is published under the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD.

English Also available in: Spanish

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