2018 OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2018 Issue 2

image of OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2018 Issue 2

The OECD Economic Outlook is the OECD's twice-yearly analysis of the major economic trends and prospects for the next two years. The Outlook puts forward a consistent set of projections for output, employment, prices, fiscal and current account balances.

Coverage is provided for all OECD member countries as well as for selected non-member countries. This issue includes a general assessment, a special chapter on the implications for public policy of the decoupling of wages from productivity and a chapter summarising developments and providing projections for each individual country.

The Statistical Annex is available on-line only at https://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eco_outlook-v22018-2-en


English Also available in: French, German

General assessment of the macroeconomic situation

The global expansion has peaked. Global GDP growth is projected to ease gradually from 3.7% in 2018 to around 3½ per cent in 2019 and 2020, broadly in line with underlying global potential output growth (). In the near term, policy support and strong job growth continue to underpin domestic demand. However, macroeconomic policies are projected to become less accommodative over time, and headwinds from trade tensions, tighter financial conditions and higher oil prices are set to continue. Growth in the OECD area is set to slow gradually, from around 2½ per cent in 2017‑18 to just under 2% by 2020. Wage and price inflation are projected to rise, but only moderately. Considerable uncertainty remains about the strength of the relationship between capacity and inflation, and there are risks that a sharper inflation upturn could occur. The rise in oil prices this year has pushed up headline inflation, and import tariffs have begun to raise prices in a few countries. Global trade has already started to ease, with trade restrictions having adverse effects on confidence and investment plans, and global trade growth appears set to remain at under 4% per annum on average over 2018‑20.

English Also available in: French, German



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