2006 OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2006 Issue 1

image of OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2006 Issue 1
OECD's twice-yearly assessment of the major economic trends and policies in member countries and selected non-members. This issue covers the outlook to the end of 2007.  Together with a wide range of cross-country statistics, the Outlook provides a unique tool to keep abreast of world economic developments. This issue also contains a special chapter on Future Budget Pressures Arising from Spending on Health and Long-Term Care.

English Also available in: German, French


The economy has experienced extremely rapid growth in demand over the three years to 2005 that is to a certain extent cyclical. While GDP growth picked up to 8½ per cent over this period, supply has not been able to match demand, despite impressive increases in investment. As a result, the current account deficit has widened to around 3% of GDP, though inflation has remained below 5%. Some slowing of output growth seems likely in 2006 and 2007 as the impact of higher interest rates, tighter fiscal policy and a possible unwinding of petroleum products subsidies is felt. The government has continued a policy of gradual reform of product markets with further unilateral reductions in tariffs, reductions in the preferences given to small companies and the beginnings of a rationalization of indirect taxation by moving towards the introduction of national value-added tax. Further progress in the area of energy policies (both for electricity and petroleum), privatization and labour market reform will be needed to sustain longer-term growth.

English Also available in: French, German

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