1887

OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

English, French

Israeli Education Policy

How to Move Ahead in Reform

Israel’s education system is complicated by multiple streams at the primary and secondary levels and by military conscription. Population growth and economic expansion have brought a massive increase in demand for all levels of education. Educational attainment statistics are impressive, but results show high-school students have poor basic skills. Reform efforts to tackle this are underway, including increased teachers’ pay in combination with more contact hours and increasing the length of compulsory education. As in other socio-economic spheres, there are significant gaps between Arab-Israelis and the rest of the population. Also, the Ultra-orthodox community’s independent education system presents specific concerns and challenges. In tertiary education, progress has been hindered by the collapse of a reform package that envisaged increased state funding combined with increased student tuition fees, expansion of government-backed student loans and a range of other structural reforms. This Working Paper relates to the 2010 OECD Economic Survey of Israel (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/israel)

English

Keywords: tertiary education, Ultra-orthodox, Israel, PISA, secondary education, university, colleges, education, Arab, Haredi, policy, primary school
JEL: I22: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Educational Finance; Financial Aid; H52: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / National Government Expenditures and Education; I21: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Analysis of Education; I28: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education: Government Policy; I20: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Research Institutions: General; I23: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Higher Education; Research Institutions
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