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Eurostat-OECD Methodological Manual on Purchasing Power Parities (2012 Edition)

image of Eurostat-OECD Methodological Manual on Purchasing Power Parities (2012 Edition)

The OECD, Eurostat, and 47 participating countries work together in establishing purchasing power parities, or PPPs, in order to compare the price and volume levels of the GDPs. This programme is called the Eurostat-OECD PPP Programme. The manual gives a complete, detailed and up-to-date description of the functioning of the programme. This includes its organisation, the various surveys carried out by participating countries and the ways PPPs are calculated and disseminated. It also provides guidance on the use of PPPs.

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Education

Education is primarily a non-market service with the majority of pupils and students in participating countries receiving their education free or at prices that are not economically significant from non-market producers. Without economically-significant prices to value output, the expenditure on education provided by non-market producers cannot be derived as it is for market producers by summing their sales. To get round the problem, national accountants have adopted the convention of estimating expenditures on non-market services by summing their costs of production. Previously, to preserve consistency with the prices underlying the expenditure estimates, Eurostat and the OECD calculated PPPs for education and other non-market services with input prices: the input-price approach.

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