OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

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Raising Productivity and Benefitting more from Openness

Estonia can revitalise productivity growth and reap more benefits from its openness. Productivity is relatively low in manufacturing and in large firms, as the manufacturing sector focuses on low-technology goods exports to only a small number of destinations. The economic impact of the Estonian R&D system still appears to be limited, also because of a lack of knowledge transfer. Building on Estonia’s favourable business environment, productivity growth could be raised by promoting smart specialisation and innovation; removing remaining barriers to entrepreneurship and competition; ensuring access to finance for SMEs; upgrading infrastructure; and improving energy efficiency. This Working Paper relates to the 2014 OECD Economic Survey (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/economic-survey-estonia.htm).


Keywords: infrastructure, productivity, knowledge transfer, energy efficiency, innovation
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