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Economic Policy Reforms 2008

Going for Growth

image of Economic Policy Reforms 2008

Across the OECD, governments are seeking to undertake structural reforms to strengthen economic growth. Going for Growth 2008 takes stock of recent progress in implementing policy reforms to improve labour productivity and utilisation that were identified as priorities in the 2007 edition. The set of internationally comparable indicators provided here enables countries to assess their economic performance and structural policies in a broad range of areas. In addition, this issue contains five analytical chapters covering:

the variation in working hours across OECD countries, the scope to improve performance of primary and secondary schools in OECD countries, how policies can enhance investment in higher education, how geographical factors affect GDP per capita, and the impact of domestic regulation on international trade in services.

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The Scope to Enhance Efficiency in Primary and Secondary Education

Using resources devoted to education efficiently is a major challenge for improving human capital and, in turn, living standards. This chapter assesses how efficiency in primary and secondary education varies within and across OECD countries, by benchmarking schools using a common metric derived from PISA scores. It also documents how institutional and policy settings for schools diverge significantly from one country to another, and provides estimates of the gains in efficiency that could be obtained from moving them closer to best practice in a number of areas.

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