OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

English, French

Do the Average Level and Dispersion of Socio-Economic Background Measures Explain France's Gap in PISA Scores?

OECD’s PISA publications highlight the impact of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) on students’ results within countries. The focus here is to investigate whether ESCS measures could contribute to differences in aggregate educational outcomes between countries. There is some evidence that, after controlling for education spending and the overall level of economic development, differences in ESCS might account for a substantial amount of France’s gap in average PISA scores with respect to best performing OECD countries, albeit by no means all of it.


Keywords: socio-economic background, France, PISA, education, inequality
JEL: H52: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / Government Expenditures and Education; I21: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Analysis of Education; I25: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Economic Development; I24: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Inequality
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