1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2010 Country statistical profile: United Kingdom 2010

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: United Kingdom 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
1 630.5
 
1 713.7
 
1 777.5
 
1 902.2
 
1 971.3
 
2 065.1
 
2 131.5
 
2 186.0
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
27 583
 
28 888
 
29 845
 
31 785
 
32 724
 
34 085
 
34 957
 
35 631
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
27 747
 
29 315
 
30 251
 
32 240
 
33 272
 
34 298
 
35 432
 
36 259
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
4.4
 
1.8
 
3.1
 
0.4
 
2.2
 
0.2
 
-0.1
 
1.8
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.5
 
2.1
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
2.2
 
2.9
 
2.6
 
0.6
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
1.5
 
-0.1
 
0.4
 
-1.7
 
-1.3
 
-2.9
 
-4.3
 
-4.5
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
16.8
 
16.8
 
16.4
 
16.7
 
16.7
 
17.1
 
17.8
 
16.8
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-9.0
 
11.7
 
-1.7
 
0.0
 
7.6
 
0.7
 
-4.8
 
0.1
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
-0.8
 
-0.5
 
0.5
 
1.4
 
-0.7
 
0.3
 
0.9
 
-2.5
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
3.6
 
2.4
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.0
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
1.3
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
0.6
 
-2.0
 
-3.7
 
-3.6
 
-3.3
 
-2.7
 
-2.7
 
-5.3
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
40.4
 
40.8
 
41.2
 
43.5
 
46.1
 
45.9
 
46.9
 
56.8
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
40.6
 
39.0
 
38.7
 
39.6
 
40.8
 
41.4
 
41.4
 
42.2
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
39.9
 
40.9
 
42.4
 
43.1
 
44.1
 
44.1
 
44.1
 
47.5
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
5.8
 
6.1
 
6.2
 
6.6
 
6.7
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.5
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
20.5
 
21.1
 
21.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
6.7
 
6.7
 
7.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
5.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
2.9
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.32
 
0.31
 
0.34
 
0.36
 
0.47
 
0.51
 
0.35
 
0.43
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
36.1
 
34.6
 
34.3
 
34.9
 
35.8
 
36.6
 
36.1
 
35.7
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
14.3
 
13.2
 
12.6
 
12.8
 
13.7
 
14.5
 
14.3
 
14.2
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.3
 
11.2
 
11.2
 
11.1
 
10.8
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
10.3
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
32.2
 
32.3
 
33.8
 
33.9
 
33.9
 
34.0
 
34.0
 
32.8
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
28.3
 
27.4
 
26.6
 
26.6
 
28.1
 
30.1
 
28.2
 
30.4
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-65.4
 
-78.8
 
-85.8
 
-119.9
 
-131.4
 
-150.1
 
-184.7
 
-176.6
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
338.0
 
359.4
 
393.5
 
468.1
 
515.8
 
598.4
 
624.7
 
636.0
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
272.6
 
280.6
 
307.7
 
349.0
 
384.4
 
448.4
 
440.0
 
459.3
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
24.8
 
29.1
 
36.9
 
52.1
 
46.9
 
63.6
 
89.4
 
100.9
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
101.6
 
112.0
 
130.3
 
154.8
 
169.7
 
183.5
 
212.0
 
212.0
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
126.4
 
141.0
 
167.2
 
206.9
 
216.7
 
247.1
 
301.4
 
312.9
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-2.1
 
-1.7
 
-1.6
 
-2.1
 
-2.6
 
-3.3
 
-2.7
 
-1.6
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 247 190
 
1 198 637
 
1 454 903
 
1 841 206
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
701 913
 
840 652
 
1 139 154
 
1 263 781
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
52 650
 
24 052
 
16 846
 
56 002
 
175 973
 
148 850
 
183 412
 
95 968
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
58 885
 
50 347
 
62 439
 
91 083
 
80 818
 
86 285
 
275 521
 
110 407
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
2.0
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
3.6
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.1
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
3.8
 
0.8
 
1.2
 
0.7
 
1.5
 
2.5
 
4.5
 
9.1
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-2.7
 
-0.8
 
2.7
 
6.2
 
11.0
 
14.7
 
5.4
 
17.0
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-0.6
 
-0.3
 
1.1
 
2.2
 
4.0
 
3.1
 
3.0
 
9.5
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.93
 
4.90
 
4.53
 
4.88
 
4.41
 
4.50
 
5.01
 
4.59
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
GBP per USD
0.63
 
0.63
 
0.64
 
0.63
 
0.64
 
0.64
 
0.66
 
0.66
 
 
Exchange rates
GBP per USD
0.69
 
0.67
 
0.61
 
0.55
 
0.55
 
0.54
 
0.50
 
0.54
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
101
 
104
 
107
 
113
 
113
 
117
 
125
 
112
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
224.9
 
219.2
 
223.2
 
222.7
 
222.7
 
219.4
 
211.3
 
207.4
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
3.80
 
3.69
 
3.75
 
3.72
 
3.70
 
3.62
 
3.48
 
3.40
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
1.3
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.8
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
24.45
 
24.58
 
29.13
 
37.75
 
53.79
 
65.00
 
73.80
 
99.34
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
28.0
 
26.5
 
24.5
 
25.0
 
24.6
 
24.7
 
23.8
 
..
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
28.0
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
40.0
 
49.7
 
55.1
 
55.9
 
60.2
 
62.6
 
66.7
 
71.1
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9 270
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
738
 
685
 
575
 
654
 
670
 
614
 
888
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
150
 
150
 
212
 
202
 
152
 
157
 
148
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
34 780
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
570
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
539
 
524
 
536
 
536
 
534
 
536
 
523
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
31.8
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
46.2
 
47.7
 
47.7
 
52.3
 
51.5
 
57.2
 
55.4
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
36.9
 
36.9
 
38.2
 
39.1
 
39.4
 
39.0
 
38.7
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
61.0
 
60.9
 
59.7
 
60.1
 
58.6
 
57.3
 
55.9
 
56.4
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
80.5
 
80.3
 
80.7
 
80.7
 
81.1
 
81.2
 
81.3
 
81.6
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
52.1
 
53.1
 
55.4
 
56.2
 
56.7
 
57.4
 
57.4
 
58.2
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
22.7
 
23.3
 
23.7
 
24.0
 
23.4
 
23.3
 
23.0
 
22.9
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
12.8
 
12.7
 
13.2
 
13.6
 
12.9
 
13.1
 
13.3
 
13.4
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
17.0
 
17.0
 
17.6
 
18.3
 
17.4
 
17.5
 
17.8
 
17.8
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
7.8
 
7.8
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
7.7
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
8.2
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
5.0
 
5.1
 
5.0
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
5.5
 
5.7
 
5.5
 
5.1
 
5.2
 
5.8
 
5.6
 
6.1
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
27.8
 
22.9
 
22.8
 
21.4
 
22.3
 
22.1
 
24.5
 
25.5
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
4.9
 
3.7
 
4.7
 
4.1
 
3.8
 
4.6
 
3.7
 
3.3
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 715
 
1 696
 
1 677
 
1 672
 
1 676
 
1 671
 
1 673
 
1 653
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
1.79
 
1.79
 
1.75
 
1.69
 
1.73
 
1.76
 
1.82
 
1.88
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.1
 
6.6
 
7.1
 
7.5
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
8.1
 
8.3
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
59 114
 
59 324
 
59 557
 
59 846
 
60 238
 
60 587
 
60 975
 
 |
61 412
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
18.8
 
18.6
 
18.4
 
18.2
 
17.9
 
17.7
 
17.6
 
17.5
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
15.9
 
15.9
 
16.0
 
16.0
 
16.0
 
16.0
 
16.0
 
16.2
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
8.2
 
8.6
 
8.9
 
9.3
 
9.7
 
10.1
 
10.2
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
5.2
 
5.8
 
6.5
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
5.2
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
8.1
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
7.0
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
4.5
 
4.4
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
6.3
 
7.3
 
7.1
 
7.9
 
8.4
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
78.2
 
78.3
 
78.3
 
78.9
 
79.1
 
79.5
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
75.8
 
76.0
 
76.2
 
76.8
 
77.1
 
77.3
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
80.5
 
80.6
 
80.5
 
81.0
 
81.2
 
81.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.5
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
5.1
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
14.8
 
15.3
 
15.3
 
14.8
 
16.8
 
18.2
 
18.1
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
8.2
 
8.6
 
9.4
 
9.0
 
9.3
 
10.9
 
10.7
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
17 019
 
14 176
 
14 397
 
13 172
 
17 009
 
18 711
 
18 671
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
63
 
63
 
62
 
57
 
55
 
55
 
50
 
43
 
Note:  |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
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