1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

English Also available in: French

2022 Country statistical profile: Turkey 2022/1

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2022

Country statistical profile: Turkey 2022
‌‌
Unit
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
22 373
 
24 105
 
25 856
 
26 696
 
28 193
 
28 281
 
27 144
 
27 547
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
21 997
 
e 
23 764
 
e 
25 423
 
e 
26 219
 
e 
27 567
 
e 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
8.5
 
4.9
 
6.1
 
3.3
 
7.5
 
3.0
 
0.9
 
1.8
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
14.2
 
4.9
 
9.3
 
2.2
 
8.3
 
-0.2
 
-12.4
 
7.2
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
7.6
 
7.4
 
7.8
 
7.0
 
6.8
 
6.4
 
7.1
 
7.5
 
Industry including energy
%
22.4
 
22.7
 
22.4
 
22.2
 
23.3
 
24.9
 
24.2
 
25.6
 
Construction
%
9.1
 
9.1
 
9.2
 
9.6
 
9.6
 
7.9
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
25.3
 
25.5
 
25.5
 
24.8
 
25.6
 
26.5
 
27.1
 
25.1
 
Information, communication
%
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
3.1
 
Finance and insurance
%
3.5
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
3.8
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
4.2
 
Real estate
%
9.3
 
9.0
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.0
 
7.5
 
7.3
 
7.0
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.9
 
6.0
 
6.1
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.4
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.3
 
13.0
 
12.1
 
12.7
 
13.7
 
13.7
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.5
 
-1.3
 
-2.8
 
-2.9
 
-4.5
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
34.3
 
33.2
 
32.6
 
34.4
 
32.3
 
32.3
 
35.2
 
43.0
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
32.8
 
32.2
 
32.2
 
32.5
 
31.2
 
31.8
 
31.0
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
0.9
 
1.0
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
1.0
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
11.8
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
12.6
 
12.1
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
7.2
 
7.1
 
7.1
 
7.7
 
7.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.10
 
1.15
 
1.14
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.40
 
0.45
 
0.50
 
0.76
 
0.95
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
25.2
 
24.5
 
25.0
 
25.1
 
24.7
 
24.0
 
23.1
 
23.9
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.1
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.4
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
2.1
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.6
 
10.8
 
11.1
 
11.0
 
10.7
 
9.7
 
9.0
 
10.2
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
37.4
 
38.1
 
38.2
 
38.2
 
38.9
 
39.2
 
39.6
 
39.7
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
28.7
 
28.6
 
26.6
 
25.2
 
29.7
 
31.4
 
30.0
 
32.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
23.8
 
25.2
 
24.5
 
23.1
 
26.0
 
31.2
 
32.6
 
28.7
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-99.4
 
-84.8
 
-62.2
 
-52.9
 
-73.8
 
-48.6
 
-29.7
 
-50.6
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
261.3
 
250.9
 
212.7
 
202.3
 
237.9
 
230.8
 
210.5
 
218.5
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
162.0
 
166.2
 
150.3
 
149.4
 
164.0
 
177.1
 
180.8
 
168.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
33.4
 
34.4
 
30.0
 
20.5
 
26.3
 
30.2
 
35.5
 
11.5
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
25.5
 
27.9
 
25.5
 
25.8
 
27.1
 
28.5
 
28.1
 
23.9
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
58.9
 
62.3
 
55.5
 
46.3
 
53.5
 
58.6
 
63.6
 
35.4
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-5.8
 
-4.1
 
-3.2
 
-3.1
 
-4.7
 
-2.4
 
0.9
 
-5.0
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
33 318
 
39 458
 
35 546
 
38 453
 
45 585
 
44 557
 
48 679
 
50 726
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
151 832
 
183 679
 
159 435
 
149 366
 
196 759
 
145 262
 
160 399
 
228 399
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
13 565
 
12 973
 
18 978
 
13 653
 
10 962
 
12 820
 
9 285
 
7 552
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
3 536
 
6 681
 
4 813
 
2 953
 
2 625
 
3 602
 
2 971
 
3 241
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
7.5
 
8.9
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
11.1
 
16.3
 
15.2
 
12.3
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
6.8
 
8.6
 
8.1
 
9.3
 
10.8
 
15.3
 
13.9
 
12.4
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
9.1
 
12.6
 
11.1
 
5.8
 
12.7
 
18.0
 
19.5
 
13.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
7.5
 
2.5
 
-1.9
 
2.7
 
10.5
 
19.3
 
13.6
 
7.8
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
4.5
 
11.4
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
17.5
 
26.6
 
16.3
 
12.5
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
TRY per USD
1.07
 
1.10
 
1.16
 
1.24
 
1.38
 
1.63
 
1.93
 
2.20
 
Exchange rates
TRY per USD
1.90
 
2.19
 
2.72
 
3.02
 
3.65
 
4.83
 
5.67
 
7.01
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
57
 
52
 
49
 
48
 
44
 
39
 
40
 
37
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
115.0
 
119.1
 
128.8
 
136.7
 
146.8
 
144.2
 
146.5
 
147.1
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
13 087.3
 
12 060.5
 
15 657.3
 
17 135.6
 
17 738.5
 
19 146.5
 
23 382.2
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
108.37
 
99.71
 
51.42
 
41.28
 
52.01
 
71.16
 
65.09
 
43.41
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
49.8
 
..
 
50.6
 
..
 
50.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
49.1
 
60.2
 
69.5
 
76.3
 
80.7
 
83.8
 
88.3
 
90.7
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
..
 
51 971
 
..
 
59 613
 
..
 
61 094
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
339
 
266
 
398
 
302
 
322
 
284
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
234
 
234
 
239
 
250
 
273
 
312
 
371
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
30 920
 
e 
31 230
 
e 
31 283
 
e 
33 763
 
34 173
 
e 
34 533
 
e 
35 017
 
e 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
407
 
e 
404
 
e 
398
 
e 
423
 
421
 
e 
419
 
e 
420
 
e 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
285
 
307
 
319
 
339
 
379
 
375
 
366
 
366
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
16
 
17
 
18
 
19
 
20
 
21
 
22
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
3 263
 
3 713
 
3 884
 
4 197
 
3 970
 
3 945
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
4 178
 
4 620
 
4 981
 
5 586
 
4 820
 
5 058
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
11 076
 
11 212
 
10 409
 
10 592
 
9 631
 
10 008
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
22.2
 
21.0
 
18.7
 
18.4
 
15.5
 
15.3
 
17.0
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
35.9
 
36.3
 
33.2
 
32.9
 
32.9
 
31.2
 
33.3
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
32.2
 
33.5
 
34.1
 
34.1
 
34.4
 
35.0
 
33.1
 
29.2
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
59.1
 
58.8
 
59.6
 
60.1
 
61.2
 
61.4
 
59.8
 
57.4
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
31.5
 
31.4
 
31.8
 
33.4
 
34.4
 
35.3
 
33.6
 
31.1
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
12.3
 
10.6
 
9.9
 
9.4
 
9.6
 
9.9
 
9.5
 
11.3
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
35.9
 
33.9
 
32.9
 
32.4
 
32.7
 
32.0
 
31.5
 
30.2
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
32.7
 
31.5
 
30.6
 
30.6
 
31.0
 
30.8
 
30.7
 
29.8
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
43.4
 
39.8
 
38.2
 
36.5
 
36.6
 
34.6
 
33.3
 
31.0
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
9.1
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
13.7
 
13.1
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
8.0
 
9.0
 
9.3
 
9.7
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
10.5
 
11.9
 
12.6
 
13.6
 
13.9
 
13.7
 
16.4
 
14.8
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
24.4
 
20.6
 
21.2
 
20.6
 
21.9
 
22.4
 
23.5
 
25.0
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 832
 
1 830
 
1 811
 
1 789
 
1 775
 
1 745
 
1 732
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
14 752
 
16 326
 
17 734
 
19 604
 
21 402
 
23 713
 
24 827
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
3.6
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.4
 
4.9
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
76 148
 
77 182
 
78 218
 
79 278
 
80 313
 
81 407
 
82 579
 
83 385
 
Population growth rates
%
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.0
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
24.8
 
24.4
 
24.1
 
23.8
 
23.6
 
23.5
 
23.2
 
23.0
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
7.6
 
7.8
 
8.1
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
8.9
 
9.3
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.2
 
2.4
 
2.8
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
0.4
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
8.1
 
9.2
 
9.3
 
9.7
 
9.5
 
9.7
 
12.6
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
10.6
 
11.6
 
12.1
 
12.2
 
11.2
 
11.1
 
13.9
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
10.8
 
12.0
 
12.8
 
13.9
 
14.2
 
14.0
 
16.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
11.9
 
14.8
 
14.4
 
13.2
 
13.2
 
14.3
 
16.0
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
78.0
 
78.0
 
78.0
 
78.0
 
78.1
 
78.3
 
78.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
75.3
 
75.3
 
75.3
 
75.3
 
75.3
 
75.6
 
75.9
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
80.7
 
80.7
 
80.7
 
80.7
 
80.8
 
81.0
 
81.3
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
10.1
 
10.1
 
10.0
 
9.7
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
9.0
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
64.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
2.6
 
2.3
 
2.1
 
2.6
 
..
 
..
 
4.4
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
261 981
 
263 590
 
307 317
 
317 483
 
327 703
 
319 630
 
336 665
 
342 331
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
274 403
 
283 474
 
299 060
 
308 681
 
323 199
 
338 301
 
353 860
 
297 289
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
..
 
..
 
96
 
91
 
92
 
81
 
66
 
58
 
Last updated: 18 March 2022; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
|
Break in series
e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error