1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2014 Country statistical profile: Turkey 2014/1

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2014

Country statistical profile: Turkey 2014
‌‌
Unit
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
11 394
 
12 911
 
13 884
 
15 021
 
14 550
 
16 003
 
17 781
 
17 967
 
e 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.7
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
8.4
 
6.9
 
4.7
 
0.7
 
-4.8
 
9.2
 
8.8
 
2.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
17.4
 
13.3
 
3.1
 
-6.2
 
-19.0
 
30.5
 
18.0
 
-2.7
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
10.6
 
9.4
 
8.5
 
8.5
 
9.1
 
9.5
 
9.0
 
8.8
 
Industry
%
23.0
 
22.9
 
22.3
 
22.0
 
21.1
 
21.8
 
22.5
 
21.8
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
32.2
 
32.3
 
31.8
 
31.9
 
29.4
 
29.7
 
31.4
 
31.8
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
17.7
 
18.6
 
20.3
 
21.0
 
23.7
 
22.1
 
20.1
 
20.2
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
11.5
 
11.5
 
11.6
 
11.4
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
12.0
 
12.4
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
0.8
 
-1.5
 
-2.3
 
-6.5
 
-2.9
 
-0.8
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
54.3
 
52.4
 
47.9
 
46.4
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
33.7
 
33.2
 
34.0
 
36.6
 
37.3
 
36.6
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
33.0
 
34.7
 
36.3
 
43.1
 
40.2
 
37.4
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.4
 
4.9
 
4.4
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.6
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
9.9
 
10.0
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
12.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
5.9
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
5.5
 
6.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
24.3
 
24.5
 
24.1
 
24.2
 
24.6
 
26.2
 
27.8
 
27.7
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
12.0
 
11.9
 
11.5
 
11.0
 
11.2
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.5
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
42.8
 
42.7
 
42.7
 
39.9
 
37.4
 
37.9
 
38.2
 
38.4
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
25.4
 
27.6
 
27.5
 
28.3
 
24.4
 
26.8
 
32.6
 
31.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
21.9
 
22.7
 
22.3
 
23.9
 
23.3
 
21.2
 
24.0
 
26.3
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-43.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
-71.6
 
..
 
-84.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
116.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
185.5
 
..
 
236.5
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
73.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
114.0
 
..
 
152.5
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
16.0
 
14.0
 
14.0
 
18.9
 
18.6
 
16.7
 
20.2
 
22.6
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
11.9
 
12.2
 
16.0
 
18.2
 
17.1
 
19.6
 
20.5
 
20.5
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
28.0
 
26.2
 
29.9
 
37.0
 
35.7
 
36.3
 
40.7
 
43.1
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-4.4
 
-6.0
 
-5.8
 
-5.4
 
-1.9
 
-6.1
 
-9.6
 
-6.2
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
22 509
 
27 681
 
29 668
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
71 302
 
95 127
 
155 162
 
80 385
 
143 690
 
186 937
 
136 445
 
187 382
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
10 031
 
20 185
 
22 047
 
19 760
 
8 629
 
9 058
 
16 171
 
13 224
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 064
 
924
 
2 106
 
2 549
 
1 554
 
1 464
 
2 349
 
4 074
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
8.2
 
9.6
 
8.8
 
10.4
 
6.3
 
8.6
 
6.5
 
8.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
8.5
 
9.2
 
7.5
 
7.1
 
5.7
 
7.2
 
5.9
 
8.1
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
4.9
 
9.7
 
12.4
 
12.8
 
8.0
 
10.6
 
6.2
 
8.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
14.7
 
11.3
 
6.3
 
22.4
 
5.1
 
10.5
 
9.9
 
13.9
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
7.6
 
9.3
 
5.6
 
11.8
 
-0.6
 
6.0
 
13.3
 
5.5
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
TRY per USD
0.83
 
0.85
 
0.86
 
0.89
 
0.91
 
0.94
 
0.99
 
1.05
 
Exchange rates
TRY per USD
1.34
 
1.43
 
1.30
 
1.30
 
1.55
 
1.50
 
1.67
 
1.80
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
61
 
59
 
64
 
65
 
58
 
61
 
56
 
57
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
84.4
 
93.0
 
100.0
 
98.5
 
97.7
 
105.1
 
112.5
 
115.7
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
12.0
 
11.1
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
50.65
 
61.48
 
68.59
 
98.07
 
61.27
 
78.26
 
109.81
 
111.70
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
3 227
 
3 178
 
2 883
 
2 406
 
2 032
 
2 092
 
2 235
 
2 645
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
86.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
41.6
 
42.9
 
47.2
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
44 684
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
46 956
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
523
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
430
 
446
 
478
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
118
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
159
 
167
 
189
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
31 351
 
30 082
 
30 366
 
28 454
 
30 196
 
29 733
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
460
 
430
 
430
 
400
 
420
 
410
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
216
 
240
 
265
 
264
 
256
 
266
 
286
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
14.0
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 860
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2 470
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
34.5
 
37.1
 
28.7
 
25.6
 
24.8
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
46.3
 
46.1
 
46.1
 
43.7
 
39.6
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
30.2
 
30.3
 
30.2
 
30.3
 
28.9
 
30.0
 
32.1
 
31.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
53.0
 
53.2
 
53.2
 
53.5
 
52.9
 
55.4
 
57.5
 
58.3
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
28.0
 
27.6
 
27.1
 
27.4
 
28.2
 
29.6
 
31.4
 
31.9
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
5.6
 
7.6
 
8.1
 
8.5
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.7
 
11.8
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
43.0
 
41.1
 
39.6
 
39.0
 
40.0
 
39.1
 
38.3
 
37.1
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
40.0
 
38.3
 
36.8
 
36.1
 
36.6
 
35.1
 
34.2
 
33.5
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
51.7
 
49.2
 
47.6
 
46.8
 
48.9
 
49.3
 
48.4
 
45.7
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
9.2
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
9.7
 
12.6
 
10.7
 
8.8
 
8.2
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
..
 
8.6
 
8.8
 
9.6
 
12.6
 
10.4
 
8.3
 
7.6
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
9.4
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
10.0
 
12.6
 
11.4
 
10.1
 
9.4
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
39.4
 
35.7
 
30.3
 
26.9
 
25.3
 
28.6
 
26.5
 
24.9
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 936
 
1 944
 
1 911
 
1 900
 
1 881
 
1 877
 
1 864
 
1 855
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
4 617
 
4 845
 
6 314
 
6 380
 
7 110
 
7 709
 
8 546
 
9 362
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
72 065
 
71 105
 
70 138
 
71 052
 
72 039
 
73 142
 
74 224
 
75 176
 
Population growth rates
%
1.3
 
-1.3
 
-1.4
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
Total fertility rates
Children
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
28.4
 
28.4
 
e 
28.4
 
e 
26.3
 
26.1
 
25.8
 
25.4
 
25.1
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
5.9
 
5.9
 
e 
5.9
 
e 
7.0
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
20.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
22.4
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.6
 
12.5
 
10.3
 
..
 
7.8
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
7.9
 
13.9
 
11.8
 
..
 
11.0
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.0
 
12.5
 
11.3
 
..
 
9.5
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.3
 
16.2
 
13.8
 
..
 
12.6
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
73.1
 
73.4
 
73.7
 
73.9
 
74.1
 
74.3
 
74.6
 
74.6
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
71.0
 
71.2
 
71.4
 
71.5
 
71.7
 
71.8
 
72.0
 
72.0
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
75.2
 
75.6
 
75.9
 
76.2
 
76.5
 
76.8
 
77.1
 
77.2
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
21.4
 
16.5
 
13.9
 
12.1
 
10.2
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
7.4
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
16.9
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
181 719
 
192 916
 
204 145
 
229 076
 
231 892
 
241 463
 
259 439
 
265 062
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
187 188
 
192 870
 
214 668
 
211 195
 
217 838
 
232 404
 
248 147
 
263 472
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
67
 
68
 
72
 
60
 
61
 
56
 
52
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 September 2014; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2014 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2014-en)
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