1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

.

2009 Country statistical profile: Turkey 2009

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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2009

 Country statistical profile: Turkey 2009
 
 
 
Unit
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Gross domestic product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
588.6
 
561.2
 
572.1
 
588.1
 
688.8
 
781.2
 
881.1
 
960.3
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
8 724
 
8 178
 
8 217
 
8 316
 
9 595
 
10 841
 
12 074
 
12 993
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
6.8
 
-5.7
 
6.2
 
5.3
 
9.4
 
8.4
 
6.9
 
4.5
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
20.4
 
15.9
 
16.7
 
17.0
 
20.3
 
21.0
 
22.3
 
21.5
 
 
GDP per hour worked
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
GDP deflator
Annual growth %
49.2
 
52.9
 
37.4
 
23.3
 
12.4
 
7.1
 
9.3
 
8.1
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
7.1
 
-7.9
 
8.8
 
-2.0
 
2.8
 
7.2
 
1.4
 
-6.8
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
6.3
 
-9.1
 
4.6
 
7.8
 
11.8
 
8.7
 
10.2
 
5.4
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
6.4
 
-0.2
 
4.4
 
3.7
 
9.6
 
8.6
 
7.2
 
6.3
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.1
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Total expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.9
 
5.6
 
5.9
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
5.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
24.2
 
26.1
 
24.6
 
25.9
 
24.1
 
24.3
 
24.5
 
23.7
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
7.1
 
7.5
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.1
 
10.5
 
11.5
 
12.8
 
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.9
 
11.3
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
40.4
 
43.6
 
42.5
 
42.2
 
42.8
 
42.8
 
42.7
 
42.7
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
21.6
 
25.4
 
24.4
 
23.5
 
24.9
 
23.6
 
25.1
 
24.5
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-26.7
 
-10.1
 
-15.5
 
-22.1
 
-34.4
 
-43.3
 
-54.3
 
-62.8
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
54.5
 
41.4
 
51.3
 
69.3
 
97.5
 
116.8
 
139.6
 
170.1
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
27.8
 
31.3
 
35.8
 
47.3
 
63.1
 
73.5
 
85.3
 
107.2
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
11.4
 
9.1
 
7.9
 
10.5
 
12.8
 
15.3
 
13.8
 
13.9
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
9.0
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
8.5
 
11.3
 
11.4
 
11.4
 
14.9
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
20.4
 
16.0
 
14.8
 
19.0
 
24.0
 
26.6
 
25.3
 
28.7
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.7
 
1.7
 
-0.7
 
-2.7
 
-4.0
 
-4.6
 
-6.0
 
-5.7
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
3 668
 
..
 
..
 
6 138
 
7 060
 
8 315
 
8 866
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
19 209
 
..
 
..
 
33 537
 
38 522
 
71 297
 
88 309
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
982
 
3 352
 
1 133
 
1 752
 
2 786
 
10 026
 
19 912
 
21 957
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
870
 
497
 
175
 
499
 
780
 
1 064
 
924
 
2 101
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): all items
2000 = 100
100.0
 
154.4
 
223.8
 
272.2
 
295.6
 
319.8
 
350.4
 
381.1
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): food
2000 = 100
100.0
 
149.1
 
223.0
 
273.5
 
292.2
 
306.6
 
336.3
 
378.0
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): energy
2000 = 100
100.0
 
192.2
 
279.9
 
330.9
 
346.5
 
397.5
 
442.2
 
470.0
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
2000 = 100
100.0
 
161.6
 
242.6
 
304.6
 
338.4
 
366.3
 
402.1
 
427.4
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
0.28
 
0.43
 
0.61
 
0.77
 
0.81
 
0.83
 
0.86
 
0.89
 
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
0.63
 
1.23
 
1.51
 
1.50
 
1.43
 
1.34
 
1.43
 
1.30
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
48
 
39
 
45
 
53
 
56
 
61
 
60
 
65
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
76.9
 
70.9
 
75.1
 
78.7
 
81.8
 
85.5
 
94.0
 
100.2
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
1.14
 
1.03
 
1.08
 
1.11
 
1.14
 
1.19
 
1.29
 
1.35
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.17
 
0.17
 
0.17
 
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.17
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
13.2
 
13.2
 
13.4
 
12.8
 
13.2
 
11.9
 
11.0
 
9.6
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
26.61
 
22.98
 
23.57
 
27.05
 
34.90
 
50.65
 
61.48
 
68.59
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT-related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.8
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7.0
 
7.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
43 650
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
44 849
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
461
 
484
 
523
 
463
 
505
 
380
 
489
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
79
 
67
 
61
 
79
 
94
 
118
 
129
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
30 620
 
 |
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
30 080
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
410
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
201
 
182
 
192
 
202
 
207
 
216
 
240
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University level: graduation rates in peer age group
%
9
 
9
 
10
 
11
 
11
 
11
 
15
 
..
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
8.3
 
8.4
 
9.1
 
9.7
 
9.1
 
9.7
 
10.4
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
37.0
 
35.3
 
33.0
 
30.5
 
31.6
 
31.2
 
30.8
 
30.4
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
56.7
 
55.5
 
54.6
 
54.0
 
54.1
 
54.1
 
54.2
 
54.2
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
36.4
 
35.9
 
35.3
 
32.7
 
33.1
 
30.8
 
30.1
 
29.4
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
9.4
 
6.2
 
6.6
 
6.0
 
6.6
 
5.8
 
7.9
 
8.4
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
51.4
 
52.8
 
50.2
 
49.4
 
49.2
 
45.8
 
43.5
 
41.9
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
46.5
 
47.5
 
45.1
 
44.5
 
45.0
 
42.2
 
40.1
 
38.5
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
64.7
 
66.8
 
63.0
 
61.9
 
60.7
 
56.2
 
53.3
 
51.5
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
6.5
 
8.4
 
10.3
 
10.5
 
10.3
 
 |
10.2
 
9.9
 
9.8
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
6.6
 
8.7
 
10.7
 
10.7
 
10.5
 
 |
10.2
 
9.7
 
 |
9.7
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
6.3
 
7.5
 
9.4
 
10.1
 
9.7
 
 |
10.1
 
10.3
 
 |
10.2
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
21.1
 
21.3
 
29.4
 
24.4
 
39.2
 
39.6
 
35.8
 
30.4
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per hour, total economy
USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 937
 
1 942
 
1 943
 
1 943
 
1 918
 
1 918
 
..
 
..
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
0.48
 
0.54
 
0.53
 
0.48
 
0.52
 
0.59
 
0.58
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
67 393
 
68 367
 
69 304
 
70 231
 
71 151
 
72 065
 
72 971
 
73 875
 
 
Population growth rates
%
1.6
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
..
 
 
Ratio of population aged 65 and over to total
%
5.4
 
5.4
 
5.5
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.9
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
1.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
70.5
 
70.6
 
70.8
 
71.0
 
71.2
 
71.4
 
71.6
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
68.1
 
68.2
 
68.4
 
68.6
 
68.8
 
68.9
 
69.1
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
72.8
 
73.0
 
73.2
 
73.4
 
73.6
 
73.8
 
74.0
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
28.9
 
27.8
 
26.7
 
28.7
 
24.6
 
23.6
 
22.6
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household expenditure on recreation and culture
% of GDP
3.8
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
6 789
 
8 769
 
9 859
 
8 983
 
10 962
 
12 937
 
11 883
 
14 788
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
58
 
45
 
62
 
56
 
62
 
62
 
62
 
68
 
Note:  e: Estimated value |: Break in series Last updated 6 April 2009
Estimated value
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2009 (www.SourceOECD.org/factbook)
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