1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

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2010 Country statistical profile: Portugal 2010

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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: Portugal 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
183.2
 
191.3
 
196.2
 
201.3
 
217.9
 
229.3
 
240.2
 
247.3
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
17 803
 
18 447
 
18 789
 
19 168
 
20 656
 
21 662
 
22 638
 
23 283
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
17 278
 
18 065
 
18 537
 
18 865
 
20 255
 
20 886
 
21 801
 
22 346
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.5
 
1.0
 
-0.0
 
1.6
 
0.8
 
0.5
 
-0.2
 
2.1
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.0
 
0.8
 
-0.8
 
1.5
 
0.9
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
-0.0
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
4.6
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
3.1
 
2.5
 
1.1
 
-1.1
 
-0.9
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
26.5
 
25.0
 
22.9
 
22.6
 
22.2
 
21.7
 
21.8
 
21.7
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-3.2
 
2.3
 
-2.3
 
5.8
 
-5.6
 
2.5
 
-4.2
 
4.3
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
2.1
 
-1.5
 
-2.2
 
0.4
 
-1.7
 
0.9
 
2.6
 
-2.7
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
2.9
 
1.6
 
0.4
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.8
 
2.1
 
1.3
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.3
 
-2.9
 
-3.0
 
-3.4
 
-6.1
 
-3.9
 
-2.7
 
-2.8
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
63.3
 
66.5
 
68.0
 
70.6
 
74.0
 
73.1
 
71.1
 
75.2
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
40.1
 
41.4
 
42.5
 
43.1
 
41.6
 
42.3
 
43.2
 
43.2
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
44.4
 
44.3
 
45.5
 
46.5
 
47.6
 
46.3
 
45.8
 
46.0
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.3
 
6.5
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
7.3
 
7.1
 
7.1
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.8
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
22.9
 
23.1
 
23.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.8
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
7.2
 
7.6
 
8.1
 
8.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.8
 
1.0
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.4
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.25
 
0.27
 
0.22
 
0.63
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.22
 
0.27
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
33.8
 
34.5
 
34.7
 
33.9
 
34.7
 
35.5
 
36.4
 
36.5
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
9.1
 
8.9
 
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.2
 
8.5
 
9.4
 
9.6
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
12.8
 
13.1
 
13.2
 
13.2
 
13.8
 
14.1
 
13.7
 
13.3
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
36.4
 
36.6
 
36.8
 
37.8
 
37.3
 
37.4
 
37.7
 
37.6
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
33.9
 
32.1
 
31.3
 
32.3
 
33.0
 
35.1
 
36.5
 
37.7
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-15.4
 
-14.2
 
-15.3
 
-19.2
 
-23.1
 
-23.3
 
-26.9
 
-34.2
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
39.5
 
40.0
 
47.1
 
54.9
 
61.2
 
66.7
 
78.2
 
90.1
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
24.1
 
25.8
 
31.8
 
35.7
 
38.1
 
43.4
 
51.3
 
55.9
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
2.6
 
3.1
 
4.0
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
6.2
 
8.8
 
9.5
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
6.8
 
7.2
 
8.3
 
9.8
 
10.4
 
12.2
 
14.4
 
16.7
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
9.4
 
10.3
 
12.3
 
14.7
 
15.2
 
18.4
 
23.2
 
26.2
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-9.9
 
-8.1
 
-6.1
 
-7.6
 
-9.5
 
-10.0
 
-9.4
 
-12.1
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
43 940
 
41 965
 
53 984
 
67 708
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
66 970
 
63 340
 
88 461
 
115 315
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
6 232
 
1 801
 
7 155
 
1 936
 
3 927
 
10 908
 
3 056
 
3 525
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
6 263
 
-149
 
6 590
 
7 457
 
2 110
 
7 143
 
5 491
 
2 102
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
4.4
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
2.4
 
2.3
 
3.1
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
3.7
 
4.3
 
3.3
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
2.7
 
2.3
 
1.8
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.5
 
2.0
 
2.6
 
1.1
 
-0.6
 
2.7
 
2.4
 
3.7
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
5.1
 
1.0
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
9.5
 
7.6
 
3.5
 
6.3
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
2.7
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
2.9
 
3.2
 
4.2
 
2.5
 
5.2
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.16
 
5.01
 
4.18
 
4.14
 
3.44
 
3.91
 
4.42
 
4.52
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.71
 
0.71
 
0.71
 
0.72
 
0.68
 
0.68
 
0.68
 
0.67
 
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
1.12
 
1.06
 
0.89
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
71
 
74
 
82
 
87
 
83
 
84
 
89
 
91
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
24.8
 
25.8
 
25.1
 
25.8
 
26.4
 
24.7
 
25.1
 
24.4
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
2.41
 
2.49
 
2.41
 
2.46
 
2.51
 
2.33
 
2.36
 
2.33
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.15
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
16.5
 
14.1
 
17.3
 
15.1
 
13.6
 
17.6
 
18.3
 
18.2
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
24.02
 
24.27
 
28.72
 
37.89
 
51.94
 
62.77
 
70.23
 
98.83
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
13.1
 
11.9
 
13.6
 
12.9
 
12.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
14.3
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
18.0
 
15.1
 
21.7
 
26.2
 
31.5
 
35.2
 
39.6
 
46.0
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9 150
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
173
 
181
 
182
 
163
 
157
 
181
 
196
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
8
 
8
 
8
 
7
 
7
 
8
 
0
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5 005
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
470
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
59
 
63
 
58
 
60
 
63
 
56
 
55
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.7
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
52.9
 
64.1
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
27.6
 
30.1
 
32.6
 
32.1
 
32.3
 
32.9
 
42.6
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
42.7
 
41.9
 
38.4
 
36.9
 
36.1
 
35.8
 
34.9
 
34.7
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
82.2
 
81.5
 
81.0
 
81.1
 
80.8
 
81.3
 
81.0
 
81.6
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
50.0
 
50.9
 
51.1
 
50.3
 
50.5
 
50.1
 
50.9
 
50.8
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
9.2
 
9.7
 
10.0
 
9.6
 
9.8
 
9.3
 
10.0
 
9.7
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
26.8
 
26.6
 
26.7
 
25.9
 
25.1
 
24.0
 
24.2
 
24.1
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
28.4
 
28.1
 
28.2
 
27.8
 
26.7
 
25.5
 
25.9
 
25.6
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
24.8
 
24.7
 
24.8
 
23.6
 
23.3
 
22.4
 
22.1
 
22.4
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
4.0
 
5.1
 
6.4
 
6.7
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
8.1
 
7.8
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
3.2
 
4.2
 
5.5
 
5.9
 
6.8
 
6.6
 
6.7
 
6.6
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
5.1
 
6.1
 
7.3
 
7.7
 
8.7
 
9.2
 
9.6
 
9.1
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
38.1
 
35.5
 
32.8
 
43.2
 
48.6
 
51.8
 
47.3
 
48.3
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
4.0
 
3.6
 
3.5
 
2.6
 
4.7
 
2.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 769
 
1 767
 
1 742
 
1 763
 
1 752
 
1 757
 
1 727
 
1 745
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
0.80
 
0.76
 
0.74
 
0.77
 
0.81
 
1.02
 
1.21
 
1.51
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
3.5
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.8
 
5.5
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
10 293
 
10 368
 
10 441
 
10 502
 
10 549
 
10 584
 
10 608
 
 |
10 620
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.5
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.9
 
15.8
 
15.8
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
15.5
 
15.4
 
15.6
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
16.4
 
16.6
 
16.7
 
16.9
 
17.1
 
17.2
 
17.3
 
16.9
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
6.3
 
6.8
 
6.1
 
4.5
 
3.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
6.3
 
6.7
 
6.7
 
6.8
 
6.3
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
3.5
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.5
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
5.3
 
5.7
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
7.9
 
9.8
 
8.5
 
8.2
 
7.3
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
8.4
 
9.3
 
10.0
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
10.4
 
9.6
 
9.7
 
11.4
 
12.1
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
77.0
 
77.2
 
77.4
 
78.3
 
78.1
 
78.9
 
79.1
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
73.5
 
73.8
 
74.2
 
75.0
 
74.9
 
75.5
 
75.9
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
80.5
 
80.6
 
80.6
 
81.5
 
81.3
 
82.3
 
82.2
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.0
 
5.0
 
4.1
 
3.8
 
3.5
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
10.4
 
12.0
 
12.3
 
13.5
 
14.1
 
13.3
 
15.2
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
7.4
 
7.3
 
8.8
 
9.8
 
8.4
 
7.8
 
8.6
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
4 934
 
5 060
 
4 906
 
5 201
 
5 355
 
5 883
 
7 045
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
161
 
165
 
148
 
124
 
118
 
104
 
81
 
83
 
Note:  |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
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