1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

English Also available in: French

2021 Country statistical profile: Poland 2021/2

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2021

Country statistical profile: Poland 2021
‌‌
Unit
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
24 273
 
25 163
 
26 535
 
27 985
 
29 715
 
31 614
 
33 858
 
34 004
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
23 453
 
24 221
 
25 568
 
26 883
 
28 489
 
30 304
 
32 433
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
1.4
 
3.2
 
4.0
 
5.1
 
3.8
 
2.9
 
6.0
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.1
 
3.4
 
4.2
 
3.1
 
4.8
 
5.4
 
4.7
 
-2.5
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
0.7
 
0.5
 
0.1
 
1.7
 
0.4
 
-0.7
 
1.4
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-1.1
 
10.0
 
6.1
 
-8.2
 
4.0
 
9.4
 
6.1
 
-9.6
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
3.5
 
3.2
 
2.7
 
2.9
 
3.3
 
2.7
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
e 
Industry including energy
%
24.6
 
25.1
 
26.0
 
26.4
 
25.2
 
24.9
 
24.4
 
24.6
 
e 
Construction
%
7.4
 
7.8
 
8.0
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
7.6
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
e 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
26.3
 
25.2
 
25.3
 
25.2
 
25.8
 
26.1
 
25.9
 
24.9
 
e 
Information, communication
%
3.9
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.5
 
e 
Finance and insurance
%
4.2
 
4.4
 
3.9
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
e 
Real estate
%
5.2
 
5.3
 
4.9
 
5.2
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.6
 
6.1
 
e 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
7.5
 
7.6
 
8.1
 
7.9
 
8.5
 
8.5
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
e 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
15.2
 
15.1
 
14.8
 
14.8
 
14.6
 
14.5
 
14.5
 
15.3
 
e 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
1.3
 
e 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.2
 
-3.6
 
-2.6
 
-2.4
 
-1.5
 
-0.2
 
-0.7
 
-7.0
 
e 
General government debt
% of GDP
66.4
 
71.4
 
70.2
 
73.0
 
68.7
 
66.8
 
63.3
 
77.2
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
38.8
 
39.0
 
39.1
 
38.7
 
39.8
 
41.3
 
41.1
 
41.7
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
43.0
 
42.6
 
41.7
 
41.1
 
41.3
 
41.5
 
41.7
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
5.2
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
20.5
 
20.2
 
20.2
 
21.2
 
20.8
 
20.6
 
21.3
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
11.2
 
11.1
 
11.1
 
11.0
 
10.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.10
 
0.09
 
0.10
 
0.15
 
0.13
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
31.9
 
31.9
 
32.4
 
33.4
 
34.1
 
35.2
 
35.4
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.7
 
11.8
 
11.9
 
12.4
 
12.8
 
13.1
 
8.5
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
35.6
 
35.7
 
35.7
 
35.6
 
35.7
 
35.8
 
35.6
 
34.8
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
44.6
 
46.3
 
46.3
 
48.2
 
50.4
 
52.2
 
50.6
 
49.0
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
46.0
 
47.2
 
49.1
 
51.9
 
54.2
 
55.2
 
55.4
 
55.8
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-2.7
 
-3.7
 
2.4
 
4.7
 
0.3
 
-5.6
 
1.2
 
12.8
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
207.6
 
223.7
 
196.7
 
199.2
 
234.3
 
268.7
 
265.1
 
260.6
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
205.0
 
219.9
 
199.1
 
203.9
 
234.6
 
263.1
 
266.3
 
273.6
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
10.6
 
12.5
 
12.1
 
15.2
 
20.1
 
25.1
 
26.5
 
26.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
33.0
 
35.1
 
32.0
 
33.5
 
37.3
 
43.0
 
43.5
 
40.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
43.6
 
47.6
 
44.1
 
48.7
 
57.4
 
68.1
 
69.9
 
67.0
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-1.8
 
-2.6
 
-0.9
 
-0.8
 
-0.3
 
-1.3
 
0.5
 
3.5
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
27 725
 
21 797
 
22 281
 
25 388
 
28 478
 
26 424
 
26 415
 
27 313
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
229 167
 
211 951
 
183 869
 
186 735
 
238 990
 
231 603
 
236 469
 
251 218
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
3 626
 
17 612
 
13 063
 
16 596
 
9 537
 
16 376
 
10 991
 
10 233
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
-451
 
4 701
 
3 172
 
12 389
 
1 908
 
1 239
 
1 404
 
558
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
0.9
 
0.0
 
-0.9
 
-0.6
 
2.0
 
1.7
 
2.3
 
3.4
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.2
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
-0.2
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
2.0
 
3.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.0
 
-0.9
 
-1.6
 
0.9
 
4.3
 
2.6
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-1.5
 
-1.0
 
-4.1
 
-3.8
 
3.2
 
3.6
 
-0.4
 
-0.6
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-0.6
 
-1.8
 
-3.0
 
0.3
 
4.6
 
3.2
 
1.1
 
-1.9
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.03
 
3.52
 
2.70
 
3.04
 
3.42
 
3.20
 
2.35
 
1.50
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
PLN per USD
1.76
 
1.77
 
1.77
 
1.73
 
1.74
 
1.75
 
1.76
 
1.78
 
Exchange rates
PLN per USD
3.16
 
3.15
 
3.77
 
3.94
 
3.78
 
3.61
 
3.84
 
3.90
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
57
 
58
 
53
 
51
 
53
 
55
 
54
 
54
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
97.7
 
94.0
 
94.9
 
99.3
 
103.8
 
105.7
 
102.7
 
98.0
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
8 568.4
 
8 608.5
 
8 970.2
 
8 753.0
 
8 914.0
 
9 024.6
 
9 681.2
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
107.71
 
96.28
 
49.75
 
40.64
 
52.63
 
69.06
 
63.49
 
41.31
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
74.7
 
..
 
77.9
 
..
 
81.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
71.9
 
74.8
 
75.8
 
80.4
 
81.9
 
84.2
 
86.8
 
90.4
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
11 243
 
11 309
 
11 094
 
11 153
 
10 652
 
10 334
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
97
 
105
 
107
 
117
 
109
 
121
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
36
 
12
 
26
 
20
 
27
 
32
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
35
 
40
 
37
 
38
 
39
 
43
 
45
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
11 295
 
10 330
 
10 863
 
e 
11 654
 
e 
11 969
 
e 
12 485
 
12 753
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
296
 
271
 
286
 
e 
307
 
e 
315
 
e 
329
 
337
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
292
 
279
 
283
 
293
 
306
 
304
 
287
 
268
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
26
 
27
 
28
 
29
 
30
 
31
 
32
 
33
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
6 933
 
7 039
 
6 819
 
6 943
 
7 782
 
8 562
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
6 440
 
6 707
 
6 868
 
7 266
 
7 553
 
8 220
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
8 423
 
8 793
 
9 775
 
9 156
 
10 012
 
11 192
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
3.5
 
4.0
 
5.2
 
5.6
 
2.9
 
3.5
 
3.1
 
2.8
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
20.2
 
19.2
 
18.5
 
18.0
 
15.9
 
14.5
 
14.0
 
15.4
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
24.2
 
25.8
 
26.0
 
28.4
 
29.6
 
31.0
 
31.7
 
28.4
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
77.0
 
78.4
 
79.5
 
80.3
 
81.4
 
82.4
 
82.9
 
83.3
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
40.6
 
42.5
 
44.3
 
46.2
 
48.3
 
49.0
 
49.6
 
51.8
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
7.7
 
7.1
 
6.4
 
6.0
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
21.8
 
21.4
 
21.2
 
20.7
 
20.4
 
20.3
 
20.0
 
20.6
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
24.5
 
24.3
 
24.2
 
23.9
 
23.9
 
23.7
 
23.5
 
24.3
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
18.4
 
17.7
 
17.6
 
16.8
 
16.1
 
16.1
 
15.7
 
15.9
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
10.3
 
9.0
 
7.5
 
6.2
 
4.9
 
3.9
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
9.7
 
8.5
 
7.3
 
6.1
 
4.9
 
3.9
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
11.1
 
9.6
 
7.7
 
6.2
 
4.9
 
3.9
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
36.5
 
36.2
 
39.3
 
35.0
 
31.0
 
26.9
 
21.6
 
20.0
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.9
 
2.0
 
1.7
 
4.7
 
6.8
 
9.4
 
8.0
 
5.9
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 817
 
1 822
 
1 862
 
1 831
 
1 808
 
1 785
 
1 781
 
1 766
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
8 294
 
9 249
 
10 232
 
10 134
 
11 410
 
14 052
 
16 079
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
4.6
 
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.5
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.4
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
38 502
 
38 484
 
38 455
 
38 427
 
38 422
 
38 413
 
38 386
 
38 354
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.1
 
0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.0
 
15.0
 
15.0
 
15.0
 
15.1
 
15.2
 
15.3
 
15.3
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
14.5
 
15.0
 
15.5
 
16.1
 
16.7
 
17.2
 
17.8
 
18.4
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
9.8
 
8.6
 
7.4
 
6.2
 
4.9
 
3.9
 
3.1
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
9.8
 
8.1
 
..
 
..
 
4.2
 
5.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
11.2
 
9.7
 
7.8
 
6.3
 
4.9
 
3.9
 
3.6
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
21.1
 
14.8
 
13.7
 
14.2
 
..
 
5.4
 
6.6
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
77.1
 
77.7
 
77.6
 
78.0
 
77.9
 
77.7
 
78.0
 
76.7
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
73.0
 
73.7
 
73.5
 
73.9
 
73.9
 
73.7
 
74.1
 
72.6
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.2
 
81.7
 
81.6
 
82.0
 
81.8
 
81.7
 
81.9
 
80.8
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.6
 
4.2
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
15.5
 
14.8
 
13.5
 
11.6
 
11.1
 
11.1
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
331 469
 
334 255
 
347 740
 
377 246
 
425 313
 
459 261
 
469 161
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
247 914
 
e 
252 205
 
e 
255 517
 
e 
269 267
 
e 
277 929
 
e 
289 429
 
e 
302 772
 
e 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
88
 
84
 
77
 
80
 
75
 
75
 
77
 
..
 
Last updated: 14 October 2021; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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