1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

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2010 Country statistical profile: Poland 2010

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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: Poland 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
418.9
 
442.1
 
457.7
 
496.8
 
526.1
 
561.1
 
621.7
 
659.2
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
10 952
 
11 563
 
11 983
 
13 012
 
13 786
 
14 715
 
16 312
 
17 294
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
10 925
 
11 524
 
11 867
 
12 653
 
13 523
 
14 342
 
15 727
 
16 900
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
3.8
 
-0.9
 
1.3
 
3.6
 
1.4
 
4.4
 
4.6
 
..
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.2
 
1.4
 
3.9
 
5.3
 
3.6
 
6.2
 
6.8
 
5.0
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
12.3
 
8.3
 
7.8
 
8.0
 
7.1
 
6.8
 
7.4
 
..
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
20.7
 
18.7
 
18.2
 
18.1
 
18.2
 
19.7
 
21.6
 
22.1
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
6.6
 
1.0
 
2.7
 
6.8
 
-1.0
 
-2.2
 
-3.5
 
-1.5
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
-2.4
 
-2.4
 
5.5
 
8.8
 
4.3
 
10.3
 
10.2
 
7.1
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
2.8
 
3.1
 
2.9
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
4.6
 
5.8
 
4.5
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-5.1
 
-5.0
 
-6.3
 
-5.7
 
-4.1
 
-3.6
 
-1.9
 
-3.7
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
43.8
 
55.0
 
55.3
 
54.6
 
54.7
 
55.1
 
51.7
 
54.0
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
38.6
 
39.2
 
38.4
 
36.9
 
39.4
 
40.2
 
40.3
 
39.6
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
43.8
 
44.2
 
44.6
 
42.6
 
43.4
 
43.9
 
42.2
 
43.3
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.2
 
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.9
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
22.3
 
21.4
 
21.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
10.5
 
10.8
 
11.0
 
10.8
 
10.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
32.6
 
33.1
 
32.6
 
31.7
 
33.0
 
34.0
 
34.9
 
..
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
6.4
 
6.3
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
6.4
 
7.0
 
8.0
 
..
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.4
 
12.1
 
12.2
 
11.9
 
12.7
 
13.3
 
13.3
 
..
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
42.8
 
42.7
 
43.0
 
43.2
 
43.4
 
43.7
 
42.9
 
39.7
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
28.9
 
30.4
 
34.7
 
38.7
 
37.5
 
41.3
 
42.2
 
42.0
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-14.2
 
-14.1
 
-14.4
 
-14.4
 
-12.2
 
-16.1
 
-25.4
 
-38.6
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
50.2
 
55.1
 
68.0
 
88.2
 
101.5
 
125.6
 
164.2
 
210.5
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
36.1
 
41.0
 
53.5
 
73.8
 
89.4
 
109.6
 
138.8
 
171.9
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.5
 
0.1
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
9.0
 
9.2
 
10.6
 
13.4
 
15.5
 
19.9
 
24.2
 
30.6
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
9.8
 
10.0
 
11.2
 
13.5
 
16.3
 
20.6
 
28.9
 
35.6
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.1
 
-2.8
 
-2.5
 
-4.0
 
-1.2
 
-2.8
 
-4.8
 
-5.1
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
3 354
 
6 279
 
14 319
 
19 371
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
86 633
 
90 741
 
125 601
 
175 863
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
5 697
 
4 121
 
4 867
 
12 873
 
10 281
 
19 643
 
22 733
 
15 980
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
-89
 
229
 
301
 
904
 
3 406
 
8 862
 
4 647
 
3 387
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
5.4
 
1.9
 
0.7
 
3.4
 
2.2
 
1.3
 
2.5
 
4.2
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
5.7
 
2.5
 
0.6
 
1.8
 
1.3
 
0.6
 
1.1
 
2.2
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
4.6
 
-0.7
 
-1.2
 
6.0
 
2.2
 
0.6
 
4.7
 
5.6
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
5.7
 
4.4
 
4.4
 
5.0
 
5.7
 
5.0
 
3.8
 
8.7
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
0.6
 
-1.7
 
0.6
 
7.9
 
1.2
 
1.9
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
10.68
 
7.36
 
5.78
 
6.90
 
5.22
 
5.23
 
5.48
 
6.07
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
PLN per USD
1.86
 
1.83
 
1.84
 
1.86
 
1.87
 
1.89
 
1.89
 
1.93
 
 
Exchange rates
PLN per USD
4.09
 
4.08
 
3.89
 
3.66
 
3.24
 
3.10
 
2.77
 
2.41
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
51
 
50
 
48
 
50
 
57
 
60
 
65
 
74
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
89.7
 
88.9
 
91.1
 
91.4
 
92.4
 
97.3
 
97.1
 
98.4
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
2.35
 
2.32
 
2.39
 
2.39
 
2.42
 
2.55
 
2.55
 
2.59
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.22
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.20
 
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
5.1
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
5.7
 
5.7
 
6.0
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
17.9
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
11.0
 
14.0
 
26.0
 
30.4
 
35.9
 
41.0
 
47.6
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12 025
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
207
 
204
 
160
 
174
 
136
 
126
 
133
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
34
 
33
 
32
 
35
 
36
 
35
 
36
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12 265
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
320
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
290
 
280
 
291
 
295
 
294
 
306
 
305
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
18.7
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
68.2
 
70.6
 
69.7
 
70.7
 
76.4
 
77.9
 
78.2
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
39.8
 
42.6
 
44.0
 
44.5
 
45.1
 
47.3
 
49.0
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
22.1
 
20.0
 
19.6
 
20.0
 
20.9
 
24.0
 
25.8
 
27.3
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
69.3
 
67.5
 
67.6
 
68.3
 
69.5
 
71.8
 
74.9
 
77.5
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
29.0
 
27.9
 
28.6
 
28.0
 
29.1
 
28.1
 
29.7
 
31.6
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
11.6
 
11.7
 
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.7
 
10.8
 
10.1
 
9.3
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
28.0
 
28.1
 
27.3
 
26.7
 
25.8
 
24.4
 
23.5
 
22.9
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
29.9
 
30.4
 
29.8
 
28.9
 
27.9
 
26.6
 
25.5
 
25.0
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
25.7
 
25.4
 
24.3
 
24.1
 
23.1
 
21.8
 
20.9
 
20.4
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
18.3
 
20.0
 
19.7
 
19.0
 
17.8
 
13.8
 
9.6
 
7.2
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
16.9
 
19.1
 
19.0
 
18.2
 
16.6
 
13.0
 
9.0
 
6.5
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
19.9
 
20.9
 
20.4
 
20.0
 
19.1
 
14.9
 
10.4
 
8.0
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
43.1
 
48.4
 
49.7
 
47.9
 
52.2
 
50.4
 
45.9
 
29.0
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
5.2
 
2.3
 
1.6
 
1.9
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
4.9
 
7.5
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 974
 
1 979
 
1 984
 
1 983
 
1 994
 
1 985
 
1 976
 
1 969
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
0.62
 
0.56
 
0.54
 
0.56
 
0.57
 
0.56
 
0.57
 
0.61
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.4
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
38 248
 
38 232
 
38 195
 
38 180
 
38 161
 
38 132
 
38 116
 
 |
37 927
 
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.0
 
-0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.0
 
-0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.0
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
18.7
 
18.1
 
17.5
 
17.0
 
16.5
 
16.0
 
15.6
 
15.2
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
12.5
 
12.7
 
12.9
 
13.0
 
13.2
 
13.3
 
13.4
 
13.4
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
-0.4
 
-0.5
 
-0.4
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.9
 
-0.5
 
-0.4
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
18.8
 
16.9
 
13.2
 
9.1
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
20.0
 
19.4
 
15.1
 
10.4
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
29.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
74.3
 
74.6
 
74.7
 
75.0
 
75.1
 
75.3
 
75.4
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
70.2
 
70.4
 
70.5
 
70.7
 
70.8
 
70.9
 
71.0
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
78.3
 
78.7
 
78.8
 
79.2
 
79.4
 
79.6
 
79.7
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
7.7
 
7.5
 
7.0
 
6.8
 
6.4
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.2
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
27.1
 
25.4
 
25.5
 
24.1
 
20.1
 
20.7
 
18.3
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
5.8
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
2.6
 
1.7
 
3.8
 
2.5
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
2 488
 
2 536
 
2 701
 
3 385
 
3 723
 
3 738
 
3 833
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
143
 
152
 
148
 
150
 
143
 
138
 
147
 
143
 
Note:  |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
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