1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2019 Country statistical profile: Netherlands 2019/2

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Netherlands 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
46 599
 
47 272
 
49 243
 
49 233
 
50 302
 
51 340
 
54 423
 
56 769
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
47 251
 
48 081
 
49 910
 
49 111
 
50 340
 
50 580
 
54 646
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
0.7
 
-0.5
 
-0.9
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.8
 
1.2
 
e 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.5
 
-1.0
 
-0.1
 
1.4
 
2.0
 
2.2
 
2.9
 
2.7
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
6.6
 
8.3
 
8.6
 
9.9
 
9.5
 
9.9
 
9.0
 
e 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
4.9
 
-6.3
 
-1.6
 
-2.4
 
29.0
 
-7.3
 
6.1
 
4.3
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
1.8
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
e 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
17.2
 
17.5
 
17.1
 
16.2
 
16.0
 
15.2
 
15.0
 
e 
..
 
Construction
%
5.1
 
4.6
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.4
 
e 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
18.8
 
19.0
 
19.5
 
19.7
 
20.3
 
20.6
 
20.9
 
e 
..
 
Information, communication
%
4.8
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
e 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
8.5
 
9.1
 
8.9
 
8.9
 
8.5
 
7.8
 
7.4
 
e 
..
 
Real estate
%
6.3
 
5.5
 
5.8
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.6
 
6.9
 
e 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
13.9
 
13.8
 
13.6
 
14.0
 
14.4
 
14.8
 
15.1
 
e 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
21.2
 
21.6
 
21.7
 
21.7
 
21.2
 
21.3
 
21.0
 
e 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.5
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
e 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.4
 
-3.9
 
-2.9
 
-2.2
 
-2.0
 
0.0
 
1.2
 
e 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
72.9
 
78.5
 
78.0
 
82.4
 
78.6
 
76.6
 
69.8
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
42.4
 
42.8
 
43.6
 
43.6
 
42.6
 
43.6
 
43.7
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
46.8
 
46.8
 
46.5
 
45.7
 
44.6
 
43.6
 
42.5
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.6
 
8.9
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.2
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
17.7
 
18.2
 
18.5
 
18.1
 
17.7
 
17.5
 
17.0
 
16.7
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
13.3
 
13.5
 
13.5
 
13.4
 
13.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
5.1
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
3.9
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.75
 
0.71
 
0.67
 
0.64
 
0.75
 
0.65
 
0.60
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
35.4
 
35.6
 
36.1
 
37.0
 
37.0
 
38.4
 
38.8
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
7.4
 
6.9
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
7.6
 
7.1
 
8.4
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.7
 
10.6
 
10.8
 
11.0
 
11.0
 
11.3
 
11.3
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
38.0
 
38.6
 
40.6
 
39.0
 
37.0
 
37.2
 
37.4
 
37.7
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
67.0
 
69.8
 
69.7
 
69.5
 
75.2
 
69.3
 
72.2
 
e 
72.4
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
75.5
 
79.5
 
79.9
 
80.6
 
82.7
 
79.5
 
83.0
 
e 
83.0
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
90.3
 
91.4
 
100.0
 
100.7
 
72.6
 
72.7
 
79.9
 
80.4
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
464.2
 
455.4
 
467.3
 
469.3
 
391.5
 
392.8
 
441.1
 
490.7
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
554.5
 
546.8
 
567.4
 
570.1
 
464.1
 
465.5
 
521.0
 
571.1
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-13.9
 
-11.8
 
-7.3
 
-5.4
 
-15.2
 
7.3
 
9.3
 
15.3
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
151.0
 
144.4
 
150.6
 
161.6
 
183.8
 
150.2
 
159.0
 
170.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
137.1
 
132.7
 
143.3
 
156.2
 
168.6
 
157.6
 
168.2
 
186.0
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
8.6
 
10.2
 
9.8
 
8.5
 
6.3
 
8.1
 
10.5
 
10.8
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
996 012
 
1 001 416
 
1 147 501
 
2 031 341
 
2 000 349
 
2 183 501
 
2 523 233
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
610 643
 
628 120
 
797 556
 
1 425 048
 
1 370 238
 
1 394 200
 
1 673 641
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
24 391
 
20 121
 
51 094
 
45 018
 
178 817
 
64 288
 
58 141
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
34 818
 
6 174
 
69 692
 
57 430
 
246 266
 
187 962
 
27 967
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.3
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
1.0
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.7
 
1.9
 
2.8
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
1.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.2
 
2.0
 
2.4
 
-0.1
 
0.6
 
0.9
 
2.7
 
0.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
8.2
 
7.0
 
0.7
 
-1.6
 
-5.6
 
-5.6
 
3.6
 
8.2
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
10.7
 
-0.6
 
-0.5
 
-1.0
 
-4.0
 
-1.2
 
4.4
 
2.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
2.99
 
1.93
 
1.96
 
1.45
 
0.69
 
0.29
 
0.52
 
0.58
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.84
 
0.82
 
0.80
 
0.81
 
0.81
 
0.81
 
0.79
 
..
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
111
 
105
 
108
 
111
 
102
 
102
 
102
 
106
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
78.2
 
78.5
 
77.4
 
73.4
 
73.6
 
74.5
 
75.0
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.10
 
0.11
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.09
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
3 330.2
 
3 510.1
 
3 446.8
 
3 438.2
 
3 695.5
 
3 774.3
 
4 059.7
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
109.19
 
111.54
 
108.55
 
99.22
 
51.66
 
41.62
 
52.63
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
94.2
 
94.5
 
95.2
 
..
 
96.2
 
..
 
97.6
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
93.6
 
93.5
 
94.6
 
95.8
 
96.0
 
96.7
 
98.2
 
98.0
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
10 242
 
10 783
 
10 706
 
9 481
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
352
 
344
 
345
 
382
 
330
 
367
 
442
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
94
 
45
 
44
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
44
 
e 
46
 
e 
47
 
e 
63
 
e 
63
 
e 
63
 
e 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
9 479
 
9 203
 
8 840
 
8 894
 
8 866
 
8 858
 
8 787
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
566
 
548
 
525
 
527
 
523
 
521
 
516
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
158
 
156
 
156
 
149
 
156
 
157
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
32
 
34
 
34
 
34
 
35
 
36
 
37
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
7 857
 
8 069
 
8 675
 
8 394
 
8 478
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
12 163
 
12 821
 
12 435
 
12 850
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
18 147
 
18 758
 
19 588
 
19 234
 
19 286
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
3.4
 
2.4
 
4.1
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
6.9
 
7.1
 
9.5
 
10.4
 
8.8
 
8.5
 
7.7
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
61.3
 
61.1
 
60.1
 
58.8
 
60.8
 
60.8
 
62.3
 
63.9
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
84.0
 
83.6
 
82.2
 
81.7
 
82.2
 
82.9
 
83.5
 
84.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
55.2
 
57.6
 
59.2
 
59.9
 
61.7
 
63.5
 
65.7
 
67.7
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
37.0
 
37.6
 
38.5
 
38.3
 
38.5
 
37.7
 
37.4
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
15.2
 
15.4
 
16.1
 
16.6
 
16.8
 
16.8
 
16.7
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
18.2
 
18.5
 
19.3
 
20.0
 
19.8
 
19.9
 
19.8
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
11.6
 
11.7
 
12.2
 
12.7
 
13.4
 
13.2
 
13.2
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
5.0
 
5.8
 
7.2
 
7.4
 
6.9
 
6.0
 
4.8
 
3.8
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
4.6
 
5.5
 
7.2
 
7.1
 
6.5
 
5.6
 
4.5
 
3.7
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
5.4
 
6.2
 
7.3
 
7.7
 
7.3
 
6.5
 
5.3
 
4.0
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
33.2
 
33.5
 
35.6
 
39.9
 
43.6
 
42.7
 
40.7
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.8
 
2.7
 
1.5
 
0.9
 
0.1
 
0.9
 
1.4
 
2.2
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 422
 
1 413
 
1 418
 
1 429
 
1 424
 
1 437
 
1 433
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
14 297
 
14 413
 
14 496
 
15 052
 
15 418
 
15 851
 
16 259
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.9
 
8.3
 
8.8
 
8.7
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
9.4
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
16 693
 
16 755
 
16 804
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
17.4
 
17.2
 
17.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
15.9
 
16.5
 
17.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
11.4
 
11.5
 
11.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
4.7
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
3.7
 
4.8
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
5.9
 
5.1
 
4.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
10.3
 
10.5
 
13.1
 
12.2
 
11.1
 
9.6
 
8.3
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
3.7
 
5.4
 
6.4
 
7.0
 
6.5
 
5.8
 
4.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
8.7
 
12.1
 
13.6
 
13.6
 
13.3
 
11.6
 
9.6
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
81.3
 
81.2
 
81.4
 
81.8
 
81.6
 
81.6
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
79.4
 
79.3
 
79.5
 
80.0
 
79.9
 
80.0
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.1
 
83.0
 
83.2
 
83.5
 
83.2
 
83.2
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
9.5
 
10.0
 
10.5
 
10.4
 
10.5
 
10.5
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
89 527
 
87 952
 
91 927
 
92 575
 
94 016
 
95 440
 
94 568
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
40
 
39
 
34
 
34
 
37
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 19 April 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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