1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2023 Country statistical profile: Luxembourg 2023/2

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2023

Country statistical profile: Luxembourg 2023
‌‌
Unit
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
‌2022‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
107 898
 
112 955
 
114 863
 
116 335
 
119 253
 
119 883
 
131 311
 
143 394
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
69 436
 
74 846
 
82 209
 
83 156
 
80 292
 
82 795
 
91 669
 
..
 
Household disposable income per capita
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.3
 
5.0
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
2.3
 
-0.8
 
5.1
 
..
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
7.4
 
6.0
 
7.4
 
6.6
 
8.3
 
19.0
 
12.4
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-8.2
 
2.8
 
5.3
 
-7.3
 
9.1
 
-3.6
 
6.7
 
-0.5
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
e 
Industry including energy
%
7.4
 
7.8
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.8
 
6.8
 
6.6
 
7.0
 
e 
Construction
%
5.2
 
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
6.4
 
e 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
15.4
 
15.4
 
15.9
 
15.7
 
15.5
 
15.5
 
15.8
 
17.1
 
e 
Information, communication
%
6.2
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.5
 
4.6
 
4.0
 
e 
Finance and insurance
%
29.1
 
27.1
 
27.0
 
25.9
 
25.0
 
25.2
 
26.1
 
25.2
 
e 
Real estate
%
8.5
 
8.5
 
8.7
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
8.0
 
7.7
 
7.2
 
e 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
11.3
 
13.2
 
13.3
 
13.6
 
13.4
 
13.9
 
14.6
 
14.7
 
e 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
15.1
 
15.0
 
15.6
 
16.3
 
16.9
 
17.5
 
16.9
 
16.4
 
e 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
e 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.3
 
1.9
 
1.4
 
3.0
 
2.2
 
-3.4
 
0.8
 
e 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
28.9
 
26.9
 
28.6
 
28.4
 
30.1
 
32.0
 
31.0
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
41.7
 
41.9
 
42.6
 
45.3
 
45.4
 
43.3
 
43.7
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
40.4
 
40.0
 
41.3
 
42.3
 
43.1
 
46.7
 
42.9
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.6
 
5.0
 
..
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
20.5
 
20.3
 
20.7
 
21.0
 
21.6
 
23.9
 
21.6
 
21.9
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.3
 
8.5
 
8.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.98
 
1.03
 
1.03
 
0.99
 
1.00
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.95
 
1.00
 
1.00
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
34.8
 
35.5
 
36.6
 
39.4
 
39.6
 
38.1
 
38.6
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
8.7
 
8.9
 
8.7
 
9.3
 
9.5
 
9.7
 
10.1
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
4.2
 
4.4
 
5.0
 
6.3
 
6.0
 
4.8
 
4.5
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
8.4
 
8.6
 
8.8
 
9.1
 
9.2
 
8.7
 
9.3
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
39.5
 
39.6
 
37.8
 
38.2
 
38.5
 
39.5
 
40.2
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
159.3
 
157.3
 
161.0
 
164.9
 
173.5
 
165.6
 
176.7
 
175.1
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
191.8
 
191.1
 
192.7
 
197.5
 
204.3
 
199.6
 
211.4
 
209.4
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-6.2
 
-6.1
 
-7.1
 
-7.7
 
-8.0
 
-7.3
 
-9.4
 
-9.3
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
23.2
 
21.9
 
23.0
 
24.2
 
24.4
 
21.2
 
26.1
 
26.5
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
17.1
 
15.8
 
15.9
 
16.5
 
16.4
 
13.8
 
16.7
 
17.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
25.9
 
25.1
 
23.7
 
22.4
 
21.1
 
22.8
 
28.6
 
23.2
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
67.7
 
68.9
 
77.3
 
87.0
 
91.5
 
97.9
 
121.1
 
111.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
93.5
 
94.1
 
101.1
 
109.4
 
112.7
 
120.7
 
149.7
 
134.4
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
4.8
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.1
 
4.6
 
5.0
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
227 416
 
203 852
 
275 218
 
284 549
 
411 136
 
1 344 441
 
1 327 125
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
265 670
 
220 059
 
208 396
 
177 551
 
283 025
 
1 112 647
 
1 044 741
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
45 422
 
17 564
 
-27 311
 
-83 285
 
163 713
 
68 694
 
6 606
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
31 912
 
-1 240
 
14 987
 
21 844
 
176 763
 
101 105
 
35 862
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
0.5
 
0.3
 
1.7
 
1.5
 
1.7
 
0.8
 
2.5
 
6.3
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.6
 
1.0
 
1.4
 
0.9
 
1.8
 
1.3
 
1.6
 
4.0
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
0.8
 
1.5
 
2.8
 
2.2
 
1.4
 
2.7
 
0.9
 
7.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-9.3
 
-8.5
 
4.3
 
8.4
 
1.6
 
-7.8
 
18.8
 
30.8
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
2.3
 
0.6
 
2.9
 
3.5
 
-0.5
 
-1.1
 
15.9
 
20.9
 
Long-term interest rates
%
0.37
 
0.25
 
0.54
 
0.56
 
-0.12
 
-0.41
 
-0.36
 
1.73
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.88
 
0.85
 
0.85
 
0.85
 
0.84
 
0.86
 
0.86
 
0.83
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
0.89
 
0.88
 
0.85
 
0.95
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
111
 
109
 
111
 
115
 
111
 
115
 
117
 
109
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.05
 
0.05
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
206.8
 
220.1
 
263.1
 
292.5
 
318.9
 
394.2
 
411.6
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
95.3
 
..
 
95.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
96.8
 
97.0
 
97.2
 
93.0
 
95.2
 
93.6
 
99.2
 
97.6
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
45
 
44
 
46
 
52
 
49
 
48
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
346
 
474
 
476
 
488
 
491
 
e 
498
 
508
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
607
 
813
 
798
 
803
 
791
 
790
 
793
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
9
 
8
 
9
 
9
 
9
 
7
 
8
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
40
 
43
 
40
 
44
 
52
 
51
 
50
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
21 152
 
18 326
 
19 600
 
20 395
 
22 203
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
20 667
 
21 959
 
22 621
 
23 376
 
24 736
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
49 516
 
49 523
 
51 851
 
48 828
 
51 978
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
2.9
 
1.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
9.3
 
..
 
10.2
 
10.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
29.1
 
24.9
 
25.8
 
28.4
 
28.7
 
24.9
 
29.4
 
27.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
82.6
 
82.5
 
83.7
 
83.9
 
84.3
 
84.0
 
85.4
 
86.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
38.5
 
39.6
 
39.8
 
40.5
 
43.1
 
44.0
 
46.6
 
46.6
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
14.9
 
13.9
 
14.6
 
12.8
 
11.6
 
12.7
 
12.8
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
9.4
 
10.2
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
6.5
 
6.3
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
5.6
 
6.7
 
5.4
 
4.5
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
5.9
 
6.1
 
5.6
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
6.5
 
5.0
 
4.4
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
7.1
 
6.6
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
6.8
 
5.9
 
4.6
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
28.4
 
35.0
 
38.2
 
24.7
 
24.5
 
26.9
 
34.0
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.1
 
0.8
 
3.7
 
3.1
 
2.3
 
7.2
 
1.8
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 519
 
1 518
 
1 508
 
1 509
 
1 507
 
1 420
 
1 382
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
769
 
817
 
810
 
775
 
801
 
713
 
722
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.4
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.4
 
6.7
 
6.2
 
6.6
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
570
 
583
 
596
 
608
 
620
 
630
 
640
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.6
 
16.4
 
16.2
 
16.1
 
16.0
 
16.0
 
15.9
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
14.2
 
14.2
 
14.3
 
14.4
 
14.4
 
14.6
 
14.7
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
43.9
 
45.0
 
45.7
 
46.5
 
47.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
45.6
 
46.8
 
48.2
 
48.8
 
47.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
4.4
 
3.9
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.3
 
5.8
 
4.5
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
7.8
 
7.3
 
6.2
 
5.9
 
6.8
 
7.3
 
5.3
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
4.4
 
4.0
 
3.7
 
4.2
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
9.7
 
8.7
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
6.7
 
9.2
 
6.7
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
82.4
 
82.7
 
82.1
 
82.3
 
82.7
 
82.2
 
82.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
80.0
 
80.1
 
79.9
 
80.1
 
80.2
 
79.9
 
80.7
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
84.7
 
85.4
 
84.4
 
84.6
 
85.2
 
84.5
 
84.9
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
2.8
 
3.8
 
3.2
 
4.3
 
4.7
 
4.5
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
11.5
 
7.5
 
8.7
 
8.2
 
10.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
7 537
 
6 839
 
6 828
 
7 396
 
7 959
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
6
 
5
 
6
 
6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 21 April 2023; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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