1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2019 Country statistical profile: Latvia 2019/3

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Latvia 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
19 782
 
21 260
 
22 675
 
23 802
 
24 726
 
25 843
 
28 378
 
30 698
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
19 776
 
21 115
 
22 627
 
23 718
 
24 587
 
25 776
 
28 182
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
-7.5
 
2.6
 
4.5
 
2.9
 
6.7
 
4.7
 
2.2
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
6.4
 
4.0
 
2.4
 
1.9
 
3.0
 
2.1
 
4.6
 
4.8
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
-15.9
 
-15.0
 
-15.3
 
-12.7
 
-8.1
 
-4.0
 
-5.8
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
24.0
 
14.4
 
-6.0
 
0.1
 
-0.5
 
-8.4
 
13.1
 
16.4
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
3.9
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
Industry including energy
%
17.7
 
17.3
 
16.6
 
15.7
 
15.8
 
16.2
 
16.5
 
16.1
 
Construction
%
6.0
 
6.4
 
6.6
 
6.7
 
6.5
 
5.4
 
6.1
 
7.1
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
27.0
 
26.4
 
26.1
 
26.1
 
25.6
 
25.4
 
25.9
 
25.4
 
Information, communication
%
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
5.5
 
Finance and insurance
%
4.0
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
3.9
 
3.7
 
Real estate
%
11.1
 
12.0
 
12.7
 
13.3
 
12.5
 
12.7
 
12.1
 
12.0
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
7.7
 
7.6
 
7.5
 
7.0
 
7.5
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
7.8
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
15.4
 
15.1
 
15.3
 
15.5
 
15.8
 
16.2
 
16.0
 
15.8
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
2.9
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.3
 
-1.2
 
-1.2
 
-1.4
 
-1.4
 
0.1
 
-0.6
 
-1.0
 
General government debt
% of GDP
47.5
 
45.7
 
43.4
 
45.8
 
41.1
 
49.1
 
47.3
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
36.2
 
36.8
 
36.6
 
36.6
 
36.9
 
37.0
 
37.2
 
37.5
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
40.5
 
38.0
 
37.7
 
38.1
 
38.2
 
37.0
 
37.8
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.5
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
e 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
e 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
16.6
 
15.4
 
15.5
 
15.4
 
15.7
 
16.1
 
15.8
 
16.2
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
7.9
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.2
 
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
2.0
 
1.6
 
1.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.09
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
27.8
 
28.6
 
28.6
 
29.0
 
29.2
 
30.4
 
30.4
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
6.4
 
6.6
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.4
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.0
 
11.4
 
11.7
 
11.9
 
12.2
 
12.8
 
12.6
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
44.2
 
44.3
 
43.7
 
43.0
 
42.5
 
42.6
 
42.9
 
42.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
62.8
 
65.8
 
63.9
 
62.2
 
60.9
 
58.8
 
61.0
 
59.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
57.8
 
61.3
 
60.3
 
60.7
 
60.4
 
60.0
 
61.1
 
58.9
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-3.5
 
-3.4
 
-3.5
 
-3.2
 
-2.4
 
-2.1
 
-2.6
 
-3.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
15.2
 
15.8
 
16.5
 
16.7
 
13.9
 
13.6
 
15.6
 
17.3
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
11.6
 
12.4
 
13.0
 
13.6
 
11.5
 
11.5
 
13.0
 
14.3
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.7
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.6
 
2.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
3.0
 
3.4
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
4.9
 
4.8
 
5.2
 
5.4
 
4.8
 
5.1
 
5.6
 
6.2
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-2.7
 
-3.3
 
-2.8
 
-1.8
 
-0.4
 
1.5
 
0.6
 
-0.7
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
864
 
1 113
 
1 600
 
1 361
 
1 542
 
1 601
 
1 908
 
1 993
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
12 112
 
13 534
 
15 956
 
15 070
 
14 743
 
14 234
 
17 517
 
17 309
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 454
 
1 111
 
904
 
779
 
708
 
175
 
733
 
877
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
61
 
193
 
413
 
389
 
68
 
149
 
140
 
151
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
4.4
 
2.3
 
0.0
 
0.6
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
2.9
 
2.5
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
0.2
 
0.4
 
0.1
 
1.7
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
2.2
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
8.4
 
2.3
 
1.3
 
-0.3
 
-1.3
 
1.1
 
5.6
 
0.6
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
13.5
 
8.7
 
-2.4
 
-2.0
 
-2.7
 
-6.9
 
4.1
 
7.2
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
7.3
 
1.9
 
1.6
 
0.6
 
-1.5
 
-1.1
 
3.9
 
4.7
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.91
 
4.57
 
3.34
 
2.51
 
0.96
 
0.53
 
0.83
 
0.90
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.50
 
0.51
 
0.50
 
0.50
 
0.50
 
0.49
 
0.49
 
0.50
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.71
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
67
 
64
 
67
 
68
 
62
 
62
 
64
 
67
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.7
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
1 418.2
 
1 651.1
 
1 611.4
 
1 613.5
 
1 537.1
 
1 623.8
 
1 911.6
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
64.3
 
69.5
 
71.7
 
..
 
76.1
 
..
 
77.4
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
63.6
 
68.7
 
71.6
 
73.4
 
76.0
 
77.3
 
78.6
 
81.6
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
369
 
260
 
206
 
168
 
177
 
224
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
57
 
55
 
60
 
58
 
61
 
57
 
62
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
98
 
39
 
56
 
61
 
20
 
58
 
56
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
721
 
658
 
704
 
726
 
798
 
802
 
851
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
344
 
318
 
345
 
360
 
400
 
407
 
436
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
7
 
7
 
7
 
7
 
7
 
7
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
28
 
29
 
31
 
30
 
32
 
33
 
34
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
4 931
 
5 007
 
6 016
 
6 577
 
6 672
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
5 163
 
5 903
 
6 627
 
6 930
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
7 454
 
7 411
 
8 051
 
8 974
 
10 137
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
7.3
 
7.2
 
3.2
 
3.8
 
3.1
 
3.5
 
2.3
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
21.6
 
20.3
 
17.5
 
16.6
 
13.3
 
18.4
 
20.3
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
25.8
 
28.7
 
30.2
 
32.5
 
34.6
 
32.8
 
33.0
 
33.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
75.0
 
76.3
 
77.9
 
78.2
 
79.2
 
79.7
 
81.3
 
82.7
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
50.6
 
52.8
 
54.8
 
56.4
 
59.4
 
61.4
 
62.3
 
65.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
8.0
 
8.3
 
7.6
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
7.6
 
6.8
 
6.5
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
11.3
 
11.4
 
11.6
 
11.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
16.2
 
15.1
 
11.9
 
10.8
 
9.9
 
9.6
 
8.7
 
7.4
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
18.6
 
16.2
 
12.6
 
11.8
 
11.1
 
10.9
 
9.8
 
8.4
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
13.8
 
14.0
 
11.1
 
9.8
 
8.6
 
8.4
 
7.7
 
6.4
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
54.5
 
52.1
 
48.5
 
43.1
 
45.5
 
41.5
 
37.7
 
41.7
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.7
 
8.3
 
5.8
 
7.9
 
10.2
 
7.3
 
8.9
 
6.6
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 753
 
1 738
 
1 732
 
1 741
 
1 708
 
1 709
 
1 695
 
1 699
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
273
 
271
 
256
 
293
 
274
 
197
 
239
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
4.6
 
4.5
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
3.6
 
3.9
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
2 060
 
2 034
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-1.8
 
-1.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.2
 
14.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
18.5
 
18.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.8
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7.2
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
73.7
 
73.9
 
74.1
 
74.3
 
74.6
 
74.7
 
74.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
68.6
 
68.9
 
69.3
 
69.1
 
69.7
 
69.8
 
69.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
78.8
 
78.9
 
78.9
 
79.4
 
79.5
 
79.6
 
79.7
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
6.6
 
6.3
 
4.4
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
3.7
 
4.1
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
54.6
 
..
 
54.6
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
19.9
 
20.5
 
17.8
 
18.1
 
18.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
35 980
 
36 676
 
34 627
 
35 487
 
35 561
 
31 607
 
31 397
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
3 153
 
3 083
 
3 054
 
2 994
 
2 823
 
2 771
 
2 762
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
87
 
87
 
89
 
106
 
95
 
81
 
70
 
..
 
Last updated: 19 July 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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