1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2010 Country statistical profile: Korea 2010

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: Korea 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
860.7
 
936.0
 
965.8
 
1 039.1
 
1 096.7
 
1 191.1
 
1 287.7
 
1 344.4
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
18 174
 
19 656
 
20 181
 
21 630
 
22 783
 
24 661
 
26 574
 
27 658
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
18 132
 
19 668
 
20 198
 
21 694
 
22 762
 
24 699
 
26 623
 
27 839
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
0.9
 
3.4
 
4.9
 
4.7
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
0.8
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
4.0
 
7.2
 
2.8
 
4.6
 
4.0
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
2.2
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
5.2
 
0.4
 
5.2
 
9.2
 
7.2
 
5.2
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
28.8
 
28.6
 
29.3
 
29.2
 
28.9
 
28.7
 
28.5
 
29.3
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
1.6
 
-2.2
 
-5.4
 
9.1
 
1.3
 
1.5
 
4.0
 
5.5
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
3.0
 
7.4
 
5.7
 
8.2
 
5.1
 
6.8
 
6.1
 
2.3
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
4.8
 
7.8
 
1.8
 
2.3
 
3.6
 
4.3
 
5.1
 
2.5
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
4.3
 
5.1
 
0.5
 
2.7
 
3.4
 
3.9
 
4.7
 
3.3
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
16.6
 
15.8
 
17.4
 
21.3
 
23.1
 
26.1
 
25.7
 
26.8
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
28.3
 
28.7
 
29.4
 
28.8
 
30.0
 
31.7
 
33.3
 
33.3
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
23.9
 
23.6
 
28.9
 
26.1
 
26.6
 
27.7
 
28.7
 
30.0
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.7
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.8
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
5.6
 
6.3
 
6.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
2.9
 
2.3
 
2.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
0.6
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
1.0
 
0.8
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
23.0
 
23.2
 
23.9
 
23.2
 
23.9
 
25.0
 
26.5
 
26.6
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
6.1
 
5.9
 
6.7
 
6.5
 
7.0
 
7.4
 
8.4
 
8.2
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
9.1
 
9.0
 
8.9
 
8.4
 
8.2
 
8.1
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
16.4
 
16.1
 
16.3
 
17.0
 
17.3
 
18.1
 
19.7
 
20.3
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
34.6
 
32.4
 
34.2
 
38.8
 
37.9
 
39.0
 
41.2
 
53.5
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
9.3
 
10.4
 
15.0
 
29.4
 
23.2
 
16.1
 
14.6
 
-13.3
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
141.1
 
152.1
 
178.8
 
224.5
 
261.2
 
309.4
 
356.8
 
435.3
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
150.4
 
162.5
 
193.8
 
253.8
 
284.4
 
325.5
 
371.5
 
422.0
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-3.9
 
-8.2
 
-7.4
 
-8.0
 
-13.7
 
-19.0
 
-19.8
 
-16.7
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
32.9
 
36.6
 
40.4
 
49.9
 
58.8
 
68.9
 
83.1
 
92.7
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
29.1
 
28.4
 
33.0
 
41.9
 
45.1
 
49.9
 
63.3
 
76.0
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
1.6
 
0.9
 
1.9
 
3.9
 
1.8
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
-0.7
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
32 166
 
38 683
 
49 187
 
74 777
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
87 766
 
104 879
 
119 143
 
121 956
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
3 528
 
2 392
 
3 526
 
9 246
 
6 309
 
3 586
 
1 579
 
2 200
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
2 420
 
2 617
 
3 426
 
4 650
 
4 291
 
8 127
 
15 276
 
12 794
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
4.1
 
2.7
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
2.8
 
2.2
 
2.5
 
4.7
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
3.5
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
2.4
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
2.5
 
3.6
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
5.0
 
4.8
 
4.6
 
8.0
 
2.6
 
0.5
 
2.5
 
5.0
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
7.0
 
-3.2
 
3.7
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
7.0
 
2.8
 
12.9
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-2.1
 
-1.5
 
1.8
 
7.5
 
6.8
 
0.2
 
0.8
 
11.9
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
6.86
 
6.59
 
5.05
 
4.73
 
4.95
 
5.15
 
5.35
 
5.57
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
KRW per USD
756.87
 
769.77
 
794.24
 
795.78
 
788.92
 
762.97
 
757.19
 
761.65
 
 
Exchange rates
KRW per USD
1 290.99
 
1 251.09
 
1 191.61
 
1 145.32
 
1 024.12
 
954.79
 
929.26
 
1 102.05
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
66
 
68
 
68
 
68
 
76
 
79
 
78
 
64
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
191.4
 
201.8
 
205.7
 
211.2
 
210.4
 
213.8
 
222.2
 
227.2
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
4.04
 
4.24
 
4.30
 
4.40
 
4.37
 
4.43
 
4.59
 
4.68
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.24
 
0.24
 
0.23
 
0.23
 
0.22
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
1.0
 
0.9
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
24.87
 
24.12
 
28.80
 
36.15
 
50.19
 
62.82
 
70.01
 
98.11
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
15.1
 
13.9
 
11.8
 
11.8
 
12.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
63.2
 
70.2
 
68.8
 
86.0
 
92.7
 
94.0
 
94.1
 
94.3
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
29 165
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
2 142
 
1 867
 
1 831
 
1 752
 
1 829
 
1 311
 
1 550
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
668
 
794
 
844
 
938
 
1 057
 
1 280
 
1 408
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
18 375
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
380
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
449
 
457
 
459
 
479
 
469
 
477
 
489
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
34.6
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
46.1
 
45.7
 
46.7
 
49.0
 
50.8
 
58.9
 
61.2
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
30.1
 
31.5
 
30.8
 
31.2
 
29.9
 
27.2
 
25.7
 
23.8
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
72.6
 
73.4
 
73.1
 
73.4
 
73.4
 
73.9
 
74.0
 
74.2
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
58.3
 
59.5
 
57.8
 
58.5
 
58.7
 
59.3
 
60.6
 
60.6
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
7.3
 
7.6
 
7.7
 
8.4
 
9.0
 
8.8
 
8.9
 
9.3
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
36.7
 
36.0
 
34.9
 
34.0
 
33.6
 
32.8
 
31.8
 
31.3
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
36.0
 
35.7
 
35.3
 
34.4
 
34.0
 
33.2
 
32.3
 
31.9
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
37.6
 
36.5
 
34.4
 
33.4
 
32.9
 
32.3
 
31.2
 
30.4
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
4.0
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
4.5
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
3.6
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
3.3
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
2.9
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
2.3
 
2.5
 
0.6
 
1.1
 
0.8
 
1.1
 
0.6
 
2.7
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
8.1
 
7.4
 
10.0
 
5.4
 
6.9
 
4.3
 
6.6
 
6.1
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
2 506
 
2 465
 
2 434
 
2 404
 
2 364
 
2 357
 
2 316
 
2 256
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
2.47
 
2.40
 
2.49
 
2.68
 
2.79
 
3.01
 
3.21
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
7.9
 
8.6
 
9.5
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
47 357
 
47 622
 
47 859
 
48 039
 
48 138
 
48 297
 
48 456
 
 |
48 607
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
20.8
 
20.5
 
20.1
 
19.7
 
19.2
 
18.6
 
18.0
 
17.4
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
7.6
 
7.9
 
8.3
 
8.7
 
9.1
 
9.5
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
0.5
 
0.6
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
76.4
 
77.0
 
77.4
 
78.0
 
78.5
 
79.1
 
79.4
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
72.8
 
73.4
 
73.9
 
74.5
 
75.1
 
75.7
 
76.1
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
80.0
 
80.5
 
80.8
 
81.4
 
81.9
 
82.4
 
82.7
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
5.3
 
..
 
..
 
4.7
 
4.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
21.5
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
5 147
 
5 347
 
4 753
 
5 818
 
6 023
 
6 155
 
6 448
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
171
 
152
 
151
 
136
 
132
 
131
 
127
 
121
 
Note:  |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
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