1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

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2009 Country statistical profile: Italy 2009

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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2009

 Country statistical profile: Italy 2009
 
 
 
Unit
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Gross domestic product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
1 455.7
 
1 546.0
 
1 532.0
 
1 563.9
 
1 595.5
 
1 648.2
 
1 730.3
 
1 802.2
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
25 565
 
27 134
 
26 804
 
27 149
 
27 426
 
28 122
 
29 356
 
30 381
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
25 373
 
26 955
 
26 594
 
26 927
 
27 268
 
28 034
 
29 309
 
30 220
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.7
 
1.8
 
0.5
 
-0.0
 
1.5
 
0.6
 
1.8
 
1.5
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
8.5
 
10.5
 
11.3
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.0
 
8.7
 
..
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
20.3
 
20.3
 
20.9
 
20.4
 
20.5
 
20.7
 
21.0
 
21.1
 
 
GDP per hour worked
Annual growth %
2.5
 
0.8
 
-0.6
 
-1.2
 
1.1
 
0.4
 
0.1
 
-0.2
 
 
GDP deflator
Annual growth %
1.9
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
2.1
 
1.7
 
2.3
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-2.4
 
-2.5
 
-3.1
 
-4.9
 
13.1
 
-4.4
 
-1.4
 
-0.0
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
3.7
 
0.8
 
0.2
 
-1.7
 
1.1
 
0.2
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
4.0
 
2.4
 
0.9
 
0.4
 
1.6
 
1.1
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-0.9
 
-3.1
 
-3.0
 
-3.5
 
-3.6
 
-4.4
 
-3.4
 
-1.5
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
121.6
 
120.8
 
119.4
 
116.8
 
117.3
 
119.9
 
117.1
 
113.2
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
5.8
 
6.1
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
..
 
 
Total expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.1
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
8.3
 
8.7
 
8.9
 
9.0
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
23.3
 
23.5
 
24.0
 
24.4
 
24.7
 
25.0
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12.0
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.13
 
0.15
 
0.20
 
0.17
 
0.15
 
0.29
 
0.20
 
0.19
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
42.3
 
42.0
 
41.4
 
41.8
 
41.0
 
40.9
 
42.1
 
43.3
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
14.0
 
14.3
 
13.4
 
12.9
 
12.9
 
12.9
 
14.0
 
14.8
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.8
 
11.2
 
11.2
 
10.7
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
10.6
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
46.4
 
46.0
 
46.0
 
45.0
 
45.4
 
45.4
 
45.5
 
45.9
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
26.6
 
26.4
 
25.2
 
24.3
 
25.0
 
26.0
 
28.2
 
29.3
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
1.8
 
8.1
 
7.7
 
2.0
 
-1.9
 
-17.0
 
-41.9
 
-12.5
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
237.3
 
236.1
 
246.6
 
297.4
 
351.1
 
384.8
 
442.6
 
504.6
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
239.1
 
244.2
 
254.3
 
299.4
 
349.1
 
367.9
 
400.6
 
492.1
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
1.1
 
0.0
 
-2.9
 
-2.7
 
1.5
 
-0.7
 
-1.6
 
-9.6
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
55.6
 
57.8
 
63.0
 
74.3
 
83.3
 
90.0
 
100.4
 
121.3
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
56.7
 
57.9
 
60.1
 
71.6
 
84.7
 
89.4
 
98.8
 
111.7
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-0.5
 
-0.1
 
-0.8
 
-1.3
 
-0.9
 
-1.7
 
-2.6
 
-2.4
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
180 274
 
..
 
..
 
238 888
 
280 481
 
293 475
 
378 931
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
121 169
 
..
 
..
 
180 891
 
220 720
 
224 079
 
294 877
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
13 377
 
14 873
 
14 558
 
16 430
 
16 824
 
19 959
 
39 261
 
40 209
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
12 318
 
21 476
 
17 138
 
9 079
 
19 273
 
41 795
 
42 091
 
90 797
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): all items
2000 = 100
100.0
 
102.8
 
105.3
 
108.1
 
110.5
 
112.7
 
115.1
 
117.2
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): food
2000 = 100
100.0
 
104.1
 
107.9
 
111.3
 
113.7
 
113.7
 
115.6
 
119.0
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): energy
2000 = 100
100.0
 
101.8
 
99.0
 
102.2
 
104.4
 
113.4
 
122.8
 
124.1
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
2000 = 100
100.0
 
101.9
 
102.1
 
103.7
 
106.5
 
110.8
 
117.0
 
121.1
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.58
 
5.19
 
5.03
 
4.30
 
4.26
 
3.56
 
4.05
 
4.49
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
0.82
 
0.81
 
0.85
 
0.85
 
0.87
 
0.87
 
0.86
 
0.85
 
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
1.09
 
1.12
 
1.06
 
0.89
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
80
 
81
 
88
 
99
 
106
 
106
 
106
 
111
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
173.3
 
173.7
 
173.9
 
181.2
 
183.3
 
185.7
 
184.2
 
186.8
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
3.04
 
3.05
 
3.04
 
3.15
 
3.15
 
3.17
 
3.13
 
3.18
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
6.0
 
6.2
 
5.9
 
6.2
 
7.0
 
6.6
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
27.77
 
23.87
 
24.34
 
28.58
 
36.60
 
51.33
 
62.50
 
70.20
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
13.8
 
12.9
 
11.6
 
10.8
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
..
 
 
ICT-related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
22.2
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
33.7
 
32.1
 
34.1
 
38.6
 
40.0
 
43.4
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
41 982
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
387
 
339
 
304
 
312
 
288
 
268
 
286
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
228
 
264
 
260
 
192
 
233
 
234
 
242
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
28 960
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
32 508
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
550
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
425
 
427
 
434
 
452
 
450
 
454
 
448
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University level: graduation rates in peer age group
%
19
 
21
 
25
 
..
 
36
 
41
 
39
 
..
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
9.4
 
10.0
 
10.4
 
10.5
 
11.6
 
12.2
 
12.9
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
27.8
 
27.4
 
26.7
 
26.0
 
27.2
 
25.5
 
25.5
 
24.7
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
68.0
 
69.2
 
70.1
 
70.8
 
72.1
 
72.2
 
73.3
 
73.5
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
27.7
 
28.0
 
28.9
 
30.3
 
30.5
 
31.4
 
32.5
 
33.8
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
12.2
 
12.2
 
11.9
 
12.0
 
14.8
 
14.6
 
14.9
 
15.1
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
28.5
 
28.2
 
27.7
 
27.5
 
28.4
 
27.0
 
26.7
 
26.4
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
32.3
 
32.2
 
31.7
 
31.5
 
32.4
 
31.2
 
30.8
 
30.6
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
22.0
 
21.6
 
21.2
 
21.1
 
22.2
 
20.6
 
20.5
 
20.0
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
10.1
 
9.1
 
8.7
 
8.5
 
8.1
 
7.7
 
6.8
 
6.2
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
7.9
 
7.1
 
6.7
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
6.2
 
5.4
 
4.9
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
13.6
 
12.2
 
11.5
 
11.4
 
10.6
 
10.0
 
8.8
 
7.9
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
61.3
 
63.4
 
59.2
 
58.2
 
49.7
 
52.2
 
52.9
 
49.9
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per hour, total economy
USD
18.9
 
19.5
 
19.5
 
20.1
 
20.6
 
21.3
 
21.9
 
22.4
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 861
 
1 843
 
1 831
 
1 826
 
1 826
 
1 819
 
1 814
 
1 824
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
1.05
 
1.09
 
1.13
 
1.11
 
1.10
 
1.09
 
1.14
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
2.9
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
56 937
 
56 972
 
57 151
 
57 597
 
58 167
 
58 597
 
58 931
 
59 336
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
..
 
 
Ratio of population aged 65 and over to total
%
18.3
 
18.6
 
18.9
 
19.1
 
19.3
 
19.6
 
19.8
 
20.0
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
3.1
 
2.2
 
 |
6.1
 
10.6
 
9.6
 
5.2
 
6.4
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
2.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
3.9
 
 |
4.2
 
4.6
 
5.0
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
8.4
 
..
 
..
 
7.0
 
6.4
 
6.2
 
5.5
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
3.8
 
6.2
 
6.1
 
5.7
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
14.9
 
..
 
..
 
12.0
 
10.1
 
9.2
 
8.5
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
21.2
 
..
 
..
 
10.5
 
13.2
 
14.6
 
12.4
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.0
 
80.2
 
80.3
 
80.0
 
80.9
 
80.9
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
77.0
 
77.2
 
77.4
 
77.1
 
77.9
 
78.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
82.9
 
83.2
 
83.2
 
82.8
 
83.8
 
83.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.3
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household expenditure on recreation and culture
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
28 797
 
29 138
 
29 340
 
28 174
 
29 916
 
30 870
 
33 513
 
34 757
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
115
 
117
 
117
 
105
 
98
 
94
 
89
 
86
 
Note:  Last updated 6 April 2009
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2009 (www.SourceOECD.org/factbook)
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