1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2023 Country statistical profile: Israel 2023/1

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2023

Country statistical profile: Israel 2023
‌‌
Unit
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
34 756
 
35 877
 
38 220
 
39 464
 
40 247
 
40 950
 
40 223
 
44 061
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
34 548
 
35 573
 
37 877
 
39 267
 
40 218
 
40 722
 
39 868
 
43 396
 
Household disposable income per capita
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
4.2
 
2.2
 
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
-1.8
 
8.5
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
0.5
 
-0.4
 
11.2
 
3.1
 
7.8
 
3.3
 
-3.9
 
11.7
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
Industry including energy
%
16.6
 
16.5
 
15.6
 
14.7
 
14.7
 
14.7
 
14.3
 
13.1
 
Construction
%
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
15.1
 
15.1
 
15.3
 
15.7
 
15.3
 
15.5
 
14.1
 
15.2
 
Information, communication
%
7.8
 
8.2
 
8.6
 
8.8
 
9.3
 
10.1
 
11.9
 
12.9
 
Finance and insurance
%
5.3
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
5.0
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
5.2
 
Real estate
%
14.0
 
13.9
 
14.2
 
14.3
 
14.2
 
14.4
 
14.8
 
13.7
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
11.0
 
10.8
 
11.1
 
11.3
 
10.9
 
10.8
 
10.5
 
10.5
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
20.2
 
20.1
 
19.9
 
19.8
 
20.1
 
19.6
 
20.2
 
19.4
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
2.8
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.3
 
-1.2
 
-1.7
 
-1.2
 
-3.6
 
-3.9
 
-10.8
 
-3.7
 
General government debt
% of GDP
77.7
 
78.4
 
76.9
 
73.7
 
71.8
 
74.1
 
86.4
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
36.7
 
37.0
 
36.7
 
37.8
 
36.2
 
35.3
 
34.6
 
37.2
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
39.0
 
38.1
 
38.4
 
39.0
 
39.8
 
39.2
 
45.4
 
40.8
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.9
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.3
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
15.3
 
15.3
 
15.3
 
15.9
 
16.0
 
16.1
 
20.1
 
18.3
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
4.9
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
4.6
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
1.7
 
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.10
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.09
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.07
 
0.08
 
0.11
 
0.12
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
30.7
 
31.0
 
31.0
 
32.2
 
30.7
 
30.0
 
29.6
 
32.2
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
5.6
 
6.0
 
6.1
 
6.6
 
6.3
 
6.2
 
6.5
 
7.3
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
3.1
 
2.9
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.0
 
2.7
 
3.6
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
12.0
 
11.7
 
11.7
 
11.1
 
11.1
 
10.7
 
10.4
 
11.0
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
21.1
 
21.8
 
22.3
 
22.1
 
22.7
 
22.9
 
23.1
 
24.2
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
30.3
 
28.0
 
28.1
 
27.3
 
29.0
 
27.0
 
23.2
 
25.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
31.9
 
31.2
 
30.0
 
29.2
 
29.9
 
29.3
 
27.7
 
29.5
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-13.9
 
-7.8
 
-13.1
 
-14.9
 
-21.8
 
-23.5
 
-21.8
 
-34.5
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
71.5
 
61.2
 
65.3
 
67.9
 
75.7
 
75.3
 
69.3
 
91.0
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
57.6
 
53.4
 
52.2
 
53.1
 
53.9
 
51.8
 
47.5
 
56.5
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
13.1
 
13.2
 
14.2
 
17.2
 
20.0
 
24.1
 
30.2
 
40.9
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
23.8
 
24.3
 
26.4
 
29.5
 
32.3
 
33.2
 
25.1
 
33.1
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
36.9
 
37.5
 
40.6
 
46.7
 
52.3
 
57.3
 
55.3
 
74.0
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
4.2
 
5.2
 
3.8
 
3.6
 
3.0
 
3.5
 
5.5
 
4.3
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
79 011
 
84 696
 
94 633
 
101 540
 
104 879
 
105 097
 
101 671
 
106 731
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
89 619
 
99 313
 
107 483
 
127 161
 
143 971
 
161 397
 
184 312
 
226 590
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
6 049
 
11 336
 
11 988
 
16 893
 
21 515
 
17 363
 
23 109
 
21 486
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
4 526
 
10 969
 
14 579
 
7 624
 
6 087
 
8 690
 
4 425
 
9 456
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
0.5
 
-0.6
 
-0.5
 
0.2
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
-0.6
 
1.5
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
0.9
 
0.4
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
-0.1
 
1.2
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-1.4
 
0.0
 
-1.2
 
0.0
 
0.9
 
2.1
 
0.0
 
1.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-0.2
 
-12.3
 
-6.3
 
3.3
 
3.1
 
-0.5
 
-7.9
 
5.4
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-1.4
 
-6.1
 
-3.5
 
1.6
 
3.3
 
-1.3
 
-4.9
 
7.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
2.89
 
2.07
 
1.88
 
1.91
 
1.99
 
1.47
 
0.78
 
1.12
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ILS per USD
3.94
 
3.92
 
3.79
 
3.75
 
3.78
 
3.87
 
3.84
 
3.82
 
Exchange rates
ILS per USD
3.58
 
3.89
 
3.84
 
3.60
 
3.59
 
3.56
 
3.44
 
3.23
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
114
 
115
 
114
 
121
 
121
 
128
 
132
 
136
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
20.8
 
21.9
 
22.0
 
21.6
 
22.1
 
21.8
 
21.1
 
21.8
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
0.06
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
486.1
 
512.0
 
557.7
 
574.3
 
553.3
 
651.5
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
81.3
 
80.3
 
78.1
 
78.0
 
76.9
 
79.5
 
80.6
 
81.0
 
Households with access to internet
%
72.1
 
74.3
 
75.4
 
74.1
 
74.9
 
75.9
 
82.5
 
83.0
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
1 271
 
1 145
 
1 199
 
1 201
 
1 112
 
1 164
 
1 276
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
20
 
20
 
19
 
18
 
17
 
e 
17
 
e 
15
 
e 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
4 955
 
5 082
 
5 261
 
5 435
 
5 658
 
5 759
 
5 982
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
631
 
637
 
649
 
659
 
675
 
676
 
691
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
62
 
64
 
63
 
64
 
60
 
61
 
57
 
58
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
49
 
49
 
50
 
51
 
50
 
50
 
50
 
50
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
7 605
 
7 845
 
8 428
 
9 124
 
9 541
 
9 452
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
7 634
 
7 851
 
8 534
 
9 010
 
9 416
 
9 410
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
13 453
 
10 651
 
11 715
 
11 424
 
12 460
 
12 683
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
7.8
 
8.8
 
7.6
 
7.5
 
8.9
 
8.2
 
8.9
 
10.9
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
18.5
 
18.6
 
17.9
 
17.3
 
17.0
 
18.2
 
17.6
 
22.0
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
44.5
 
44.4
 
44.3
 
44.8
 
43.7
 
42.9
 
39.0
 
39.9
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
78.2
 
78.7
 
79.2
 
79.7
 
80.1
 
80.2
 
78.3
 
77.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
65.1
 
66.2
 
66.5
 
66.8
 
67.3
 
67.9
 
67.9
 
67.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
16.0
 
15.9
 
15.5
 
15.3
 
15.5
 
15.1
 
14.3
 
14.7
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.8
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
12.3
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
15.6
 
15.9
 
16.0
 
15.4
 
15.2
 
14.9
 
15.4
 
15.2
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
9.1
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
9.1
 
9.4
 
9.4
 
9.3
 
9.5
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
5.9
 
5.2
 
4.8
 
4.2
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
4.3
 
5.0
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
5.9
 
5.1
 
4.7
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
3.7
 
4.5
 
5.0
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
5.9
 
5.4
 
4.9
 
4.3
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
4.1
 
4.9
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
10.6
 
11.5
 
13.5
 
11.6
 
7.0
 
5.7
 
4.9
 
9.6
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
2.3
 
3.3
 
2.9
 
3.6
 
4.7
 
4.1
 
6.4
 
1.8
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 895
 
1 895
 
1 922
 
1 918
 
1 910
 
1 898
 
1 783
 
1 753
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
12 076
 
12 667
 
14 007
 
15 092
 
16 165
 
17 975
 
18 600
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
8 216
 
8 380
 
8 546
 
8 713
 
8 883
 
9 054
 
9 215
 
9 371
 
Population growth rates
%
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
28.2
 
28.3
 
28.3
 
28.3
 
28.2
 
28.2
 
28.1
 
28.0
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
10.7
 
11.0
 
11.2
 
11.5
 
11.7
 
11.9
 
12.1
 
12.2
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
23.2
 
22.8
 
22.4
 
22.0
 
21.6
 
21.2
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
6.0
 
5.3
 
4.9
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
3.8
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
5.2
 
4.4
 
4.2
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.5
 
5.1
 
5.4
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.5
 
5.8
 
5.4
 
4.7
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
4.1
 
4.1
 
3.8
 
3.6
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.8
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
82.2
 
82.2
 
82.5
 
82.7
 
82.9
 
82.9
 
82.7
 
82.6
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
80.3
 
80.1
 
80.7
 
80.6
 
80.9
 
81.0
 
80.6
 
80.5
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
84.1
 
84.1
 
84.2
 
84.6
 
84.8
 
84.7
 
84.8
 
84.6
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
2.5
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
50.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
5.6
 
5.0
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
6.2
 
5.7
 
5.7
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
4
 
4
 
4
 
4
 
4
 
4
 
3
 
4
 
Last updated: 27 January 2023; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
e
Estimated value
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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