1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2019 Country statistical profile: Iceland 2019/1

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Iceland 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
39 582
 
40 769
 
41 928
 
44 153
 
45 713
 
48 730
 
52 590
 
55 322
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
32 199
 
34 554
 
36 689
 
42 098
 
43 497
 
46 385
 
e 
49 558
 
e 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
-11.1
 
4.1
 
1.9
 
2.5
 
4.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
-3.4
 
1.9
 
1.3
 
4.1
 
2.1
 
4.5
 
7.4
 
4.0
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-8.1
 
11.5
 
5.2
 
2.2
 
15.9
 
19.7
 
21.7
 
9.0
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
7.1
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
6.6
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
5.2
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
19.9
 
20.3
 
18.8
 
18.6
 
17.4
 
17.0
 
15.5
 
..
 
Construction
%
4.2
 
4.1
 
4.4
 
4.6
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
6.8
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
15.9
 
16.6
 
16.0
 
16.8
 
17.3
 
18.9
 
20.7
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
3.8
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
4.8
 
4.6
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
8.4
 
7.3
 
9.0
 
7.6
 
7.8
 
6.3
 
5.5
 
..
 
Real estate
%
11.6
 
11.0
 
11.0
 
11.5
 
11.5
 
10.8
 
10.5
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
7.8
 
8.5
 
8.9
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
19.4
 
19.3
 
19.5
 
19.5
 
19.7
 
19.6
 
19.2
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.7
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-9.5
 
-5.4
 
-3.6
 
-1.8
 
-0.1
 
-0.8
 
12.3
 
0.0
 
General government debt
% of GDP
110.9
 
118.1
 
115.9
 
107.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
38.3
 
38.8
 
40.2
 
40.6
 
43.7
 
40.7
 
56.7
 
42.5
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
43.7
 
45.0
 
42.5
 
45.0
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
7.1
 
6.8
 
6.7
 
6.8
 
6.8
 
6.7
 
6.8
 
7.0
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
16.9
 
17.0
 
16.7
 
16.2
 
16.3
 
15.5
 
15.1
 
15.9
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
5.6
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
6.2
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
1.6
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
5.2
 
6.0
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.26
 
0.20
 
0.20
 
0.23
 
0.22
 
0.24
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
33.2
 
34.3
 
35.0
 
35.6
 
38.3
 
36.3
 
51.6
 
37.7
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
12.1
 
12.9
 
13.1
 
13.6
 
13.4
 
13.3
 
13.8
 
14.5
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
0.9
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
3.3
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.7
 
11.9
 
12.2
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.8
 
12.1
 
12.6
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
33.4
 
34.1
 
33.8
 
34.1
 
33.9
 
34.3
 
34.0
 
33.2
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
42.1
 
47.1
 
49.3
 
45.8
 
45.5
 
44.8
 
41.2
 
42.0
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
52.0
 
54.8
 
55.0
 
53.5
 
51.5
 
51.9
 
47.4
 
46.1
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
0.5
 
0.3
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.3
 
-0.8
 
-1.5
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
3.6
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
5.3
 
6.5
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
4.1
 
4.8
 
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.9
 
4.7
 
4.5
 
5.0
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
0.8
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.5
 
2.1
 
2.5
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
2.2
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
3.1
 
2.8
 
3.2
 
3.8
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
3.0
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
5.3
 
6.3
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-6.3
 
-5.1
 
-3.9
 
5.7
 
3.8
 
5.2
 
7.4
 
3.3
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
11 466
 
11 521
 
12 305
 
9 503
 
8 415
 
7 637
 
6 058
 
5 464
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
11 784
 
12 656
 
10 367
 
7 367
 
7 889
 
7 851
 
9 841
 
10 122
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
245
 
1 107
 
1 025
 
397
 
447
 
709
 
-427
 
-6
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
-2 368
 
18
 
-3 205
 
460
 
-257
 
-31
 
-1 147
 
-108
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
5.4
 
4.0
 
5.2
 
3.9
 
2.0
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
4.7
 
2.6
 
4.6
 
4.1
 
2.7
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.4
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
4.2
 
3.8
 
6.1
 
5.1
 
0.5
 
2.8
 
1.3
 
-2.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
15.5
 
17.1
 
8.7
 
0.1
 
-1.3
 
-5.5
 
-2.9
 
2.5
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
11.8
 
9.2
 
1.1
 
-4.4
 
-0.7
 
5.1
 
-8.1
 
-4.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
6.09
 
5.98
 
6.19
 
5.79
 
6.37
 
6.26
 
5.60
 
4.86
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
132.89
 
135.15
 
136.97
 
137.02
 
138.55
 
141.94
 
141.89
 
137.73
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
122.24
 
115.95
 
125.08
 
122.18
 
116.77
 
131.92
 
120.81
 
106.84
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
106
 
111
 
108
 
114
 
122
 
122
 
134
 
148
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
5.4
 
5.8
 
5.7
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
5.6
 
5.3
 
5.8
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.44
 
0.46
 
0.45
 
0.45
 
0.44
 
0.40
 
0.35
 
0.37
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
4 789.9
 
5 198.5
 
5 070.1
 
5 273.1
 
5 223.8
 
4 930.2
 
5 703.7
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
93.1
 
94.7
 
95.5
 
96.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
97.3
 
Households with access to internet
%
92.0
 
92.6
 
94.6
 
96.4
 
96.5
 
..
 
..
 
97.9
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
1 930
 
2 126
 
2 174
 
2 006
 
1 441
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
1 064
 
1 150
 
1 427
 
1 368
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
29
 
17
 
30
 
26
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
5
 
5
 
7
 
7
 
8
 
8
 
15
 
e 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
154
 
158
 
164
 
167
 
175
 
195
 
220
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
481
 
489
 
504
 
511
 
533
 
589
 
661
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
33
 
34
 
35
 
36
 
37
 
39
 
40
 
42
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
9 906
 
10 412
 
11 146
 
11 215
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
8 618
 
9 139
 
10 063
 
11 149
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
8 945
 
8 511
 
10 898
 
11 200
 
11 418
 
12 671
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
6.2
 
6.8
 
7.1
 
6.0
 
5.5
 
3.5
 
3.1
 
3.5
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
12.2
 
11.0
 
10.0
 
8.7
 
9.4
 
6.6
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
61.7
 
62.5
 
65.4
 
69.7
 
70.5
 
73.1
 
77.6
 
75.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
82.9
 
83.4
 
84.5
 
84.7
 
86.4
 
88.4
 
89.9
 
89.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
79.8
 
79.2
 
79.1
 
81.2
 
84.8
 
84.7
 
84.6
 
83.9
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
18.3
 
16.8
 
17.2
 
17.4
 
16.7
 
17.2
 
17.1
 
17.1
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.5
 
7.0
 
6.0
 
5.4
 
4.9
 
4.0
 
3.0
 
2.7
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
8.3
 
7.8
 
6.3
 
5.6
 
5.0
 
3.9
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
6.8
 
6.2
 
5.6
 
5.1
 
4.8
 
4.0
 
3.1
 
2.7
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
21.3
 
27.8
 
27.9
 
21.9
 
13.6
 
16.1
 
8.8
 
9.2
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
6.9
 
8.0
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
4.2
 
7.9
 
7.5
 
6.2
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
..
 
310
 
..
 
232
 
270
 
306
 
314
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
..
 
13.5
 
..
 
10.6
 
..
 
10.6
 
11.6
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
318
 
319
 
321
 
324
 
327
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.4
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
2.2
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
20.9
 
20.8
 
20.7
 
20.6
 
20.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
12.1
 
12.5
 
12.8
 
13.1
 
13.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
10.9
 
10.9
 
11.0
 
11.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
6.6
 
6.6
 
6.7
 
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
7.9
 
7.6
 
6.1
 
5.4
 
5.0
 
3.7
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
16.2
 
11.8
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
7.3
 
7.8
 
4.5
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.4
 
5.8
 
5.2
 
4.9
 
4.5
 
4.0
 
3.1
 
2.8
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
10.9
 
10.5
 
9.9
 
8.1
 
7.9
 
6.1
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
82.0
 
82.4
 
83.0
 
82.1
 
82.9
 
82.5
 
82.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
79.8
 
80.7
 
81.6
 
80.5
 
81.3
 
81.2
 
80.4
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
84.1
 
84.1
 
84.3
 
83.7
 
84.5
 
83.8
 
84.1
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
2.2
 
0.9
 
1.1
 
1.8
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
0.7
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
14.8
 
8.7
 
11.6
 
16.0
 
13.8
 
12.3
 
12.1
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
806
 
e 
777
 
e 
786
 
e 
808
 
e 
850
 
e 
907
 
e 
1 052
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
5 596
 
e 
5 392
 
e 
5 454
 
e 
5 611
 
e 
5 899
 
e 
6 296
 
e 
7 301
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
25
 
38
 
28
 
46
 
12
 
48
 
54
 
..
 
Last updated: 16 January 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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