1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2009 Country statistical profile: Iceland 2009

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2009

 Country statistical profile: Iceland 2009
 
 
 
Unit
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Gross domestic product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
8.1
 
8.7
 
8.9
 
8.9
 
9.9
 
10.4
 
10.7
 
11.1
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
28 807
 
30 451
 
31 088
 
30 787
 
33 702
 
35 009
 
35 096
 
35 697
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
28 010
 
29 494
 
31 037
 
30 305
 
32 332
 
33 760
 
32 574
 
34 027
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
4.3
 
3.9
 
0.1
 
2.4
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
4.4
 
3.8
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
22.9
 
21.5
 
18.2
 
19.9
 
23.5
 
28.4
 
33.7
 
27.5
 
 
GDP per hour worked
Annual growth %
1.6
 
4.2
 
3.5
 
2.5
 
7.7
 
4.9
 
-0.7
 
-1.3
 
 
GDP deflator
Annual growth %
3.6
 
8.6
 
5.6
 
0.6
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
9.0
 
5.5
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-1.8
 
1.5
 
2.5
 
-2.9
 
3.9
 
-2.4
 
..
 
..
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
6.8
 
4.2
 
-4.3
 
4.6
 
8.4
 
7.4
 
..
 
..
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
6.9
 
4.8
 
-0.0
 
4.3
 
7.5
 
10.6
 
..
 
..
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.7
 
-0.7
 
-2.6
 
-2.8
 
0.0
 
4.9
 
6.3
 
5.5
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
41.0
 
45.9
 
42.1
 
40.8
 
34.5
 
25.4
 
30.1
 
24.0
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
7.7
 
7.6
 
8.3
 
8.5
 
8.0
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
..
 
 
Total expenditure on health
% of GDP
9.5
 
9.3
 
10.2
 
10.4
 
9.9
 
9.4
 
9.1
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
15.3
 
15.3
 
16.9
 
18.2
 
17.9
 
16.9
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.4
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
37.2
 
35.4
 
35.3
 
36.7
 
38.0
 
40.7
 
41.5
 
41.4
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
14.8
 
15.3
 
15.3
 
16.0
 
16.1
 
17.6
 
18.3
 
19.0
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
16.4
 
14.3
 
14.4
 
15.1
 
16.0
 
17.1
 
17.6
 
16.6
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
26.1
 
26.9
 
28.4
 
29.2
 
29.4
 
29.6
 
29.5
 
28.3
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
37.2
 
39.3
 
36.6
 
35.8
 
36.9
 
37.8
 
41.0
 
40.6
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-2.6
 
-2.3
 
-2.3
 
-2.8
 
-3.6
 
-5.0
 
-6.0
 
-6.7
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
2.6
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.8
 
3.6
 
5.0
 
6.0
 
6.7
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.2
 
2.4
 
2.8
 
3.1
 
3.5
 
4.8
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-0.1
 
-0.0
 
-0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.2
 
-0.5
 
-0.7
 
-0.7
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
1.2
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.9
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
1.0
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.4
 
1.6
 
2.0
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-10.1
 
-4.3
 
1.5
 
-4.8
 
-9.8
 
-16.2
 
-25.1
 
-15.6
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
663
 
..
 
..
 
1 733
 
4 025
 
10 085
 
13 820
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
491
 
..
 
..
 
1 190
 
1 998
 
4 696
 
7 833
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
170
 
173
 
91
 
328
 
654
 
3 075
 
3 959
 
3 836
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
393
 
342
 
320
 
373
 
2 553
 
7 063
 
5 319
 
12 476
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): all items
2000 = 100
100.0
 
106.4
 
111.9
 
114.2
 
117.8
 
122.5
 
130.7
 
137.3
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): food
2000 = 100
100.0
 
106.9
 
111.4
 
108.5
 
109.6
 
106.8
 
115.3
 
114.1
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): energy
2000 = 100
100.0
 
104.1
 
101.9
 
103.9
 
111.7
 
118.6
 
128.0
 
130.1
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
2000 = 100
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
11.20
 
10.36
 
7.96
 
6.65
 
7.49
 
7.73
 
9.33
 
9.85
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
84.42
 
88.92
 
91.34
 
94.49
 
94.18
 
99.08
 
109.33
 
115.10
 
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
78.62
 
97.42
 
91.66
 
76.71
 
70.19
 
62.98
 
70.18
 
64.06
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
114
 
102
 
110
 
126
 
131
 
154
 
154
 
171
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
3.2
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
11.50
 
11.76
 
11.75
 
11.68
 
11.90
 
12.21
 
14.23
 
14.56
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.40
 
0.40
 
0.40
 
0.39
 
0.38
 
0.36
 
0.42
 
0.42
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
71.5
 
73.1
 
72.6
 
72.8
 
71.9
 
72.9
 
75.3
 
75.5
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT-related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
22.5
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
80.6
 
84.4
 
83.0
 
83.7
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
163
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
165
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
1 930
 
1 942
 
2 132
 
1 981
 
1 730
 
1 669
 
1 018
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
4
 
5
 
3
 
6
 
8
 
8
 
10
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
130
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
170
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
560
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
2
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University level: graduation rates in peer age group
%
33
 
38
 
41
 
45
 
51
 
56
 
63
 
..
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
23.2
 
24.6
 
25.6
 
28.9
 
29.1
 
30.5
 
29.5
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
68.2
 
66.8
 
59.4
 
68.1
 
66.3
 
71.6
 
72.9
 
74.3
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
90.6
 
90.7
 
90.0
 
89.2
 
88.0
 
88.2
 
89.1
 
89.4
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
84.2
 
85.6
 
87.2
 
83.3
 
82.0
 
84.8
 
84.9
 
84.9
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
20.4
 
20.4
 
20.1
 
16.0
 
16.6
 
16.4
 
16.0
 
15.9
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
18.0
 
16.9
 
16.6
 
13.9
 
14.1
 
14.2
 
14.7
 
13.7
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
24.0
 
23.1
 
23.6
 
19.2
 
19.3
 
20.1
 
20.8
 
18.8
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
11.0
 
9.7
 
8.7
 
8.0
 
8.3
 
7.4
 
7.6
 
7.6
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
2.3
 
2.3
 
3.3
 
 |
3.4
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
2.9
 
2.3
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
1.8
 
2.1
 
3.6
 
 |
3.6
 
3.2
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
2.3
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
2.9
 
2.5
 
2.9
 
 |
3.1
 
2.9
 
2.6
 
3.1
 
2.3
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
11.8
 
12.5
 
11.1
 
8.1
 
11.2
 
13.3
 
7.3
 
8.0
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per hour, total economy
USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 885
 
1 847
 
1 812
 
1 807
 
1 810
 
1 794
 
1 795
 
1 807
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
2.67
 
2.95
 
2.95
 
2.82
 
..
 
2.77
 
..
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
..
 
11.7
 
..
 
12.2
 
..
 
13.4
 
..
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
281
 
285
 
288
 
289
 
293
 
296
 
304
 
311
 
 
Population growth rates
%
1.4
 
1.4
 
0.9
 
0.6
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
2.9
 
2.3
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
2.1
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
..
 
 
Ratio of population aged 65 and over to total
%
11.6
 
11.6
 
11.6
 
11.7
 
11.7
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.5
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
6.1
 
3.4
 
-1.0
 
-0.5
 
1.8
 
13.0
 
17.3
 
12.6
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
80.1
 
80.2
 
80.6
 
81.2
 
81.0
 
81.2
 
81.2
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
78.4
 
78.1
 
78.7
 
79.7
 
79.2
 
79.2
 
79.4
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.8
 
82.2
 
82.5
 
82.7
 
82.7
 
83.1
 
83.0
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.0
 
2.7
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.8
 
2.3
 
1.4
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household expenditure on recreation and culture
% of GDP
7.1
 
6.9
 
6.8
 
6.7
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
6.1
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
451
 
465
 
513
 
569
 
615
 
643
 
714
 
782
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
113
 
84
 
101
 
80
 
79
 
64
 
104
 
48
 
Note:  Last updated 6 April 2009
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2009 (www.SourceOECD.org/factbook)
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