1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2022 Country statistical profile: Hungary 2022/2

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2022

Country statistical profile: Hungary 2022
‌‌
Unit
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
25 700
 
26 807
 
27 948
 
29 501
 
31 913
 
33 515
 
33 274
 
37 303
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
24 540
 
25 524
 
27 194
 
28 308
 
30 663
 
32 633
 
32 391
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.7
 
3.5
 
3.8
 
5.5
 
7.0
 
4.4
 
-2.2
 
e 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
4.2
 
3.7
 
2.2
 
4.3
 
5.4
 
4.6
 
-4.5
 
7.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
7.5
 
7.3
 
7.0
 
8.1
 
10.8
 
10.5
 
11.0
 
e 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
12.2
 
4.9
 
-10.6
 
19.7
 
16.3
 
12.8
 
-7.0
 
5.9
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
4.7
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.4
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
e 
Industry including energy
%
26.2
 
27.1
 
26.5
 
25.4
 
24.6
 
23.6
 
23.4
 
24.6
 
e 
Construction
%
4.2
 
4.2
 
3.6
 
4.2
 
5.1
 
5.7
 
5.7
 
6.5
 
e 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
18.9
 
18.6
 
18.4
 
18.3
 
18.5
 
18.3
 
17.7
 
17.3
 
e 
Information, communication
%
5.2
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
e 
Finance and insurance
%
3.9
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
3.5
 
3.8
 
4.0
 
3.7
 
e 
Real estate
%
8.5
 
8.4
 
8.9
 
9.0
 
9.4
 
10.0
 
10.3
 
10.1
 
e 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
8.9
 
9.2
 
9.4
 
9.9
 
10.0
 
10.1
 
9.8
 
9.2
 
e 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
16.8
 
16.8
 
17.5
 
17.3
 
16.9
 
16.7
 
17.4
 
17.0
 
e 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
2.6
 
2.5
 
e 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.8
 
-2.0
 
-1.8
 
-2.5
 
-2.1
 
-2.1
 
-7.8
 
e 
-6.8
 
e 
General government debt
% of GDP
100.6
 
98.8
 
98.7
 
93.2
 
86.9
 
84.1
 
97.4
 
88.6
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
47.3
 
48.4
 
45.0
 
44.3
 
44.0
 
43.9
 
43.4
 
41.1
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
50.0
 
50.4
 
46.8
 
46.7
 
46.1
 
45.7
 
51.3
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.3
 
..
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
21.5
 
20.4
 
20.3
 
19.7
 
18.8
 
18.1
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
9.5
 
9.1
 
8.9
 
8.5
 
8.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.27
 
0.29
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.11
 
0.13
 
0.17
 
0.11
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
38.4
 
38.7
 
39.1
 
37.9
 
36.8
 
36.5
 
35.7
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.6
 
1.7
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.0
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
16.8
 
17.0
 
16.5
 
16.3
 
16.5
 
16.3
 
16.2
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
49.0
 
49.0
 
48.2
 
46.2
 
45.0
 
44.6
 
43.6
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
81.2
 
79.8
 
78.0
 
79.3
 
79.5
 
79.5
 
76.9
 
e 
80.6
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
87.1
 
87.5
 
86.4
 
85.9
 
83.7
 
81.8
 
79.0
 
e 
81.3
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
9.5
 
10.6
 
11.7
 
10.4
 
7.9
 
6.2
 
7.5
 
3.8
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
104.4
 
91.3
 
93.0
 
105.3
 
117.8
 
117.7
 
114.0
 
139.5
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
113.9
 
101.8
 
104.7
 
115.7
 
125.7
 
124.0
 
121.4
 
143.4
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
6.1
 
5.4
 
6.8
 
7.8
 
9.5
 
7.9
 
4.6
 
5.9
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
18.8
 
17.1
 
17.4
 
19.0
 
20.4
 
22.2
 
18.0
 
20.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
24.9
 
22.5
 
24.2
 
26.8
 
30.0
 
30.2
 
22.7
 
26.1
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
1.1
 
2.3
 
4.5
 
2.0
 
0.2
 
-0.7
 
-1.1
 
-2.9
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
40 533
 
35 537
 
25 019
 
29 293
 
28 904
 
32 269
 
36 745
 
38 705
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
100 411
 
86 254
 
82 701
 
92 556
 
92 067
 
94 094
 
102 633
 
101 698
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
7 967
 
-14 545
 
-5 439
 
3 514
 
6 460
 
4 329
 
6 801
 
5 459
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
3 854
 
-16 118
 
-8 272
 
1 220
 
3 363
 
3 211
 
4 222
 
2 882
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
-0.2
 
-0.1
 
0.4
 
2.3
 
2.9
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
5.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
3.4
 
3.3
 
4.5
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-0.8
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
2.6
 
4.0
 
5.1
 
7.3
 
3.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-7.2
 
-7.5
 
-3.6
 
4.0
 
4.5
 
0.6
 
-2.8
 
11.2
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
0.6
 
-3.3
 
-2.0
 
6.7
 
5.9
 
3.7
 
-9.2
 
13.9
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.81
 
3.43
 
3.14
 
2.96
 
3.06
 
2.47
 
2.23
 
3.06
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
HUF per USD
129.41
 
132.55
 
132.03
 
136.04
 
139.09
 
145.14
 
148.80
 
152.55
 
Exchange rates
HUF per USD
232.60
 
279.33
 
281.52
 
274.43
 
270.21
 
290.66
 
308.00
 
303.14
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
58
 
54
 
54
 
57
 
59
 
58
 
57
 
59
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
23.8
 
25.2
 
25.5
 
26.6
 
26.6
 
26.7
 
26.1
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.09
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
2 860.1
 
3 019.6
 
3 005.1
 
2 967.5
 
2 784.3
 
2 755.0
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
75.0
 
..
 
79.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
73.1
 
75.6
 
79.2
 
82.4
 
83.3
 
86.2
 
87.6
 
90.8
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
3 923
 
4 157
 
4 277
 
4 499
 
4 232
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
15
 
17
 
16
 
18
 
18
 
17
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
3 795
 
3 712
 
3 721
 
3 768
 
3 729
 
3 780
 
3 545
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
387
 
380
 
382
 
387
 
384
 
390
 
367
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
40
 
43
 
44
 
46
 
46
 
45
 
44
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
23
 
24
 
24
 
24
 
25
 
26
 
27
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
3 772
 
5 120
 
5 560
 
5 423
 
5 784
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
6 075
 
5 906
 
7 315
 
6 783
 
7 319
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
8 647
 
8 815
 
11 508
 
12 720
 
13 738
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
6.8
 
6.1
 
5.1
 
5.4
 
6.8
 
6.0
 
6.7
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
20.6
 
18.4
 
17.5
 
16.1
 
15.4
 
15.5
 
15.6
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
24.0
 
26.1
 
28.7
 
29.7
 
30.0
 
29.1
 
28.0
 
27.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
82.1
 
83.6
 
85.3
 
86.6
 
87.2
 
87.6
 
86.2
 
87.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
41.8
 
45.4
 
49.9
 
51.7
 
54.4
 
56.7
 
59.6
 
62.8
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
4.5
 
4.4
 
3.9
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
4.4
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
10.9
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.8
 
12.0
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
13.6
 
13.3
 
12.9
 
12.1
 
12.3
 
12.9
 
14.1
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
7.8
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
8.1
 
8.3
 
9.5
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.5
 
6.6
 
5.0
 
4.1
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
7.6
 
6.6
 
5.1
 
3.8
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
7.5
 
6.6
 
4.8
 
4.3
 
3.7
 
3.3
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
48.9
 
46.7
 
47.3
 
41.3
 
39.5
 
32.8
 
27.2
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
-0.3
 
1.8
 
1.3
 
7.5
 
7.2
 
7.0
 
9.1
 
4.3
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 749
 
1 746
 
1 760
 
1 747
 
1 730
 
1 722
 
1 660
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
3 420
 
3 534
 
3 181
 
3 702
 
4 466
 
4 576
 
4 746
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.2
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
6.2
 
8.1
 
8.3
 
9.0
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
9 866
 
9 843
 
9 814
 
9 788
 
9 776
 
9 771
 
9 750
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.3
 
-0.1
 
0.0
 
-0.2
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.5
 
14.5
 
14.5
 
14.5
 
14.5
 
14.5
 
14.6
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.7
 
18.1
 
18.5
 
18.8
 
19.1
 
19.6
 
20.1
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.8
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
7.7
 
6.7
 
5.2
 
3.9
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
4.0
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
..
 
4.3
 
2.6
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
7.9
 
7.0
 
5.1
 
4.6
 
4.0
 
3.6
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
8.3
 
8.7
 
6.6
 
..
 
4.9
 
2.9
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
75.9
 
75.7
 
76.2
 
75.9
 
76.2
 
76.4
 
75.7
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
72.3
 
72.3
 
72.6
 
72.5
 
72.7
 
73.1
 
72.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
79.4
 
79.0
 
79.7
 
79.3
 
79.6
 
79.7
 
79.1
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.5
 
4.2
 
3.9
 
3.5
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
62.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
67.6
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
17.8
 
17.3
 
16.2
 
15.1
 
15.2
 
14.2
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
55 287
 
55 490
 
58 359
 
60 454
 
57 729
 
58 596
 
52 555
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
77 901
 
e 
79 830
 
e 
82 630
 
e 
86 476
 
e 
90 376
 
e 
93 508
 
e 
82 004
 
e 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
63
 
65
 
62
 
64
 
65
 
62
 
47
 
..
 
Last updated: 17 May 2022; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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