1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2019 Country statistical profile: Hungary 2019/2

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Hungary 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
22 841
 
23 094
 
24 464
 
25 518
 
26 356
 
26 852
 
28 799
 
30 971
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
21 784
 
22 176
 
23 825
 
24 454
 
25 194
 
26 197
 
27 649
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
3.5
 
-3.4
 
2.1
 
3.2
 
2.0
 
5.1
 
3.4
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.7
 
-1.6
 
2.1
 
4.2
 
3.5
 
2.3
 
4.1
 
4.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
7.0
 
5.2
 
7.1
 
8.0
 
6.2
 
8.1
 
7.3
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-1.3
 
-3.0
 
9.8
 
12.3
 
4.7
 
-11.7
 
18.2
 
16.5
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.4
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
25.8
 
26.2
 
25.8
 
26.3
 
27.5
 
26.7
 
26.0
 
..
 
Construction
%
4.1
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
3.7
 
4.3
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
18.0
 
17.9
 
18.7
 
18.6
 
18.5
 
18.3
 
18.4
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
4.8
 
4.5
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
..
 
Real estate
%
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
9.0
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
9.0
 
9.0
 
9.3
 
9.7
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
16.8
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
17.1
 
17.8
 
17.5
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-5.4
 
-2.4
 
-2.6
 
-2.6
 
-1.9
 
-1.6
 
-2.2
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
94.2
 
97.3
 
95.3
 
98.6
 
97.3
 
97.1
 
91.4
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
44.1
 
46.1
 
46.7
 
46.9
 
48.2
 
45.1
 
44.7
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
49.5
 
48.5
 
49.4
 
49.5
 
50.1
 
46.8
 
46.9
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
5.0
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
4.8
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.5
 
2.6
 
2.4
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
22.4
 
22.7
 
22.3
 
21.5
 
20.9
 
20.8
 
20.2
 
19.4
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
9.7
 
10.4
 
10.2
 
9.6
 
9.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.11
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.11
 
0.13
 
0.17
 
0.11
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
36.3
 
38.4
 
38.0
 
38.0
 
38.7
 
39.2
 
37.7
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
5.0
 
5.6
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.6
 
1.8
 
2.3
 
1.9
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
15.8
 
16.9
 
16.7
 
16.6
 
17.0
 
16.6
 
16.0
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
49.5
 
49.5
 
49.0
 
49.0
 
49.0
 
48.2
 
46.2
 
45.0
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
80.6
 
79.7
 
78.7
 
81.3
 
80.9
 
79.7
 
80.7
 
81.7
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
86.7
 
86.4
 
85.7
 
87.7
 
89.0
 
89.7
 
88.2
 
86.5
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
4.1
 
3.8
 
4.4
 
2.8
 
4.5
 
5.1
 
2.2
 
-1.7
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
95.8
 
86.2
 
88.9
 
95.1
 
82.6
 
83.5
 
94.3
 
106.9
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
99.9
 
90.0
 
93.3
 
98.0
 
87.1
 
88.6
 
96.4
 
105.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
4.5
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
6.1
 
5.5
 
7.5
 
8.3
 
9.0
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
17.7
 
15.8
 
17.6
 
18.7
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
18.6
 
20.5
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
22.3
 
20.6
 
22.6
 
24.9
 
22.5
 
24.5
 
26.9
 
29.5
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
0.8
 
1.7
 
3.8
 
1.5
 
2.7
 
6.1
 
2.8
 
0.5
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
26 357
 
37 717
 
38 318
 
40 663
 
35 608
 
25 034
 
29 786
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
85 331
 
104 009
 
108 579
 
99 573
 
84 856
 
80 721
 
90 991
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
6 315
 
14 427
 
3 404
 
7 806
 
-14 805
 
-5 772
 
2 834
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
4 713
 
11 717
 
1 887
 
3 867
 
-16 127
 
-8 325
 
993
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.9
 
5.7
 
1.7
 
-0.2
 
-0.1
 
0.4
 
2.3
 
2.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.0
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
2.1
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
7.2
 
6.0
 
2.6
 
-0.8
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
2.6
 
4.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
9.0
 
8.7
 
-5.5
 
-6.8
 
-7.6
 
-3.8
 
3.8
 
4.7
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
8.6
 
5.2
 
1.1
 
0.6
 
-3.3
 
-2.0
 
6.7
 
5.9
 
Long-term interest rates
%
7.64
 
7.89
 
5.92
 
4.81
 
3.43
 
3.14
 
2.96
 
3.06
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
HUF per USD
124.27
 
125.62
 
124.98
 
129.41
 
132.52
 
134.62
 
136.07
 
..
 
Exchange rates
HUF per USD
201.06
 
225.10
 
223.70
 
232.60
 
279.33
 
281.52
 
274.43
 
270.21
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
59
 
55
 
57
 
57
 
54
 
55
 
57
 
59
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
25.9
 
24.7
 
23.9
 
23.8
 
25.2
 
25.6
 
26.6
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.10
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
2 887.0
 
2 951.9
 
3 111.8
 
2 859.0
 
3 017.0
 
2 998.7
 
2 892.2
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
67.8
 
69.7
 
71.4
 
..
 
75.0
 
..
 
79.7
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
63.2
 
66.8
 
69.7
 
73.1
 
75.6
 
79.2
 
82.4
 
83.3
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
5 193
 
5 019
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
16
 
15
 
15
 
15
 
17
 
16
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
3 809
 
3 988
 
3 738
 
3 795
 
3 712
 
3 721
 
3 768
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
385
 
404
 
380
 
387
 
379
 
382
 
388
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
46
 
43
 
40
 
40
 
43
 
44
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
21
 
22
 
23
 
23
 
24
 
24
 
24
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
4 450
 
5 498
 
3 772
 
5 089
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
4 500
 
4 286
 
6 075
 
5 870
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
9 039
 
10 374
 
8 647
 
8 761
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
4.8
 
4.8
 
6.0
 
6.8
 
6.1
 
5.1
 
5.4
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
22.4
 
22.5
 
26.1
 
20.6
 
18.4
 
17.5
 
16.1
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
18.0
 
18.5
 
20.1
 
23.5
 
25.7
 
28.1
 
29.0
 
29.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
73.0
 
74.6
 
75.7
 
79.3
 
80.6
 
82.2
 
83.7
 
84.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
35.3
 
36.2
 
37.9
 
41.8
 
45.3
 
49.9
 
51.7
 
54.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
5.2
 
5.2
 
4.9
 
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.0
 
3.6
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
12.1
 
11.7
 
11.3
 
10.9
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
10.3
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
15.2
 
14.4
 
13.9
 
13.6
 
13.3
 
12.9
 
12.1
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
8.5
 
8.7
 
8.2
 
7.8
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
11.0
 
11.0
 
10.2
 
7.7
 
6.8
 
5.1
 
4.2
 
3.7
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
11.1
 
11.3
 
10.2
 
7.6
 
6.6
 
5.1
 
3.8
 
3.5
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
11.0
 
10.6
 
10.1
 
7.9
 
7.0
 
5.1
 
4.6
 
4.0
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
48.8
 
46.6
 
49.8
 
48.9
 
46.7
 
47.3
 
41.3
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
3.7
 
2.8
 
2.0
 
0.2
 
-1.4
 
3.7
 
7.8
 
11.1
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 770
 
1 750
 
1 745
 
1 752
 
1 749
 
1 759
 
1 740
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
2 603
 
2 721
 
3 053
 
3 102
 
3 232
 
2 922
 
3 408
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
5.8
 
6.0
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
6.3
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
9 972
 
9 920
 
9 893
 
9 863
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.3
 
-0.5
 
-0.3
 
-0.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.5
 
14.5
 
14.4
 
14.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
16.8
 
17.0
 
17.4
 
17.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
11.1
 
11.5
 
10.4
 
7.7
 
6.7
 
5.2
 
3.9
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
8.9
 
9.8
 
7.4
 
4.0
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
11.0
 
10.7
 
10.1
 
7.9
 
7.0
 
5.1
 
4.6
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
10.1
 
9.2
 
12.8
 
8.3
 
8.7
 
6.6
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
75.0
 
75.2
 
75.7
 
75.9
 
75.7
 
76.2
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
71.2
 
71.6
 
72.2
 
72.3
 
72.3
 
72.6
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
78.7
 
78.7
 
79.1
 
79.4
 
79.0
 
79.7
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
4.5
 
4.2
 
3.9
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
62.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
22.8
 
22.0
 
19.4
 
17.8
 
17.3
 
16.2
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
51 068
 
50 749
 
53 157
 
55 287
 
55 490
 
58 359
 
60 162
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
76 316
 
76 467
 
76 631
 
77 901
 
e 
79 830
 
e 
82 630
 
e 
86 476
 
e 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
64
 
61
 
60
 
63
 
65
 
62
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 19 April 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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