1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

English French

.

2009 Country statistical profile: Hungary 2009

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2009

 Country statistical profile: Hungary 2009
 
 
 
Unit
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Gross domestic product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
125.3
 
138.0
 
149.3
 
156.9
 
164.0
 
171.1
 
181.6
 
188.6
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
12 268
 
13 549
 
14 694
 
15 494
 
16 223
 
16 958
 
18 030
 
18 754
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
11 612
 
12 830
 
13 913
 
14 738
 
15 289
 
15 949
 
16 839
 
..
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
5.2
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.8
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
1.1
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
8.9
 
8.7
 
6.6
 
4.4
 
7.0
 
6.9
 
7.3
 
..
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
23.0
 
23.0
 
23.0
 
22.0
 
22.5
 
23.5
 
21.6
 
21.0
 
 
GDP per hour worked
Annual growth %
4.1
 
5.8
 
3.7
 
4.3
 
5.5
 
4.0
 
3.6
 
1.3
 
 
GDP deflator
Annual growth %
9.9
 
8.5
 
7.8
 
5.8
 
4.4
 
2.2
 
3.9
 
5.7
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-7.4
 
16.2
 
-9.9
 
-0.2
 
53.5
 
-3.5
 
-5.8
 
-22.6
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
8.2
 
1.7
 
3.4
 
4.3
 
3.6
 
3.5
 
4.9
 
4.2
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
4.0
 
3.8
 
5.0
 
4.2
 
2.8
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
1.3
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.9
 
-4.1
 
-9.0
 
-7.2
 
-6.4
 
-7.8
 
-9.3
 
-5.0
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
60.1
 
59.7
 
61.0
 
61.4
 
65.3
 
68.7
 
71.9
 
72.0
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.3
 
6.0
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
..
 
 
Total expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.9
 
7.2
 
7.6
 
8.4
 
8.2
 
8.5
 
8.3
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
20.0
 
20.2
 
21.4
 
22.2
 
21.7
 
22.5
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.1
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
38.0
 
38.0
 
37.8
 
37.5
 
37.6
 
37.2
 
37.1
 
39.3
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
9.2
 
9.7
 
10.0
 
9.3
 
8.9
 
8.8
 
9.1
 
10.0
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
15.4
 
14.7
 
14.2
 
14.8
 
15.3
 
14.8
 
14.2
 
14.7
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
54.6
 
55.8
 
53.7
 
50.8
 
51.8
 
51.1
 
51.9
 
54.4
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
73.9
 
71.7
 
64.1
 
62.7
 
64.9
 
66.9
 
77.4
 
79.5
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-4.0
 
-3.2
 
-3.3
 
-4.7
 
-4.8
 
-3.6
 
-2.9
 
-0.1
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
32.1
 
33.7
 
37.6
 
47.7
 
60.2
 
65.9
 
77.0
 
94.7
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
28.1
 
30.5
 
34.3
 
43.0
 
55.5
 
62.3
 
74.1
 
94.6
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
0.8
 
1.1
 
0.0
 
-1.2
 
0.1
 
1.4
 
1.6
 
1.4
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
4.8
 
5.6
 
6.8
 
9.2
 
10.2
 
11.5
 
11.8
 
15.7
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
5.6
 
6.6
 
6.9
 
8.0
 
10.3
 
12.9
 
13.4
 
17.1
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-8.4
 
-6.0
 
-7.0
 
-8.0
 
-8.6
 
-7.5
 
-7.5
 
-6.4
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
1 279
 
..
 
..
 
3 509
 
6 022
 
7 836
 
12 180
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
22 856
 
..
 
..
 
48 345
 
62 624
 
61 970
 
81 607
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
2 763
 
3 936
 
2 994
 
2 137
 
4 508
 
7 711
 
6 789
 
5 573
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
620
 
368
 
278
 
1 644
 
1 119
 
2 206
 
3 622
 
4 117
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): all items
2000 = 100
100.0
 
109.1
 
114.9
 
120.2
 
128.3
 
132.9
 
138.1
 
149.1
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): food
2000 = 100
100.0
 
113.6
 
118.6
 
120.3
 
127.1
 
129.2
 
139.8
 
156.5
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): energy
2000 = 100
100.0
 
104.1
 
106.4
 
112.8
 
124.4
 
133.8
 
142.6
 
161.9
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
2000 = 100
100.0
 
104.3
 
101.7
 
103.2
 
105.9
 
110.9
 
116.5
 
115.0
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
8.55
 
7.95
 
7.09
 
6.77
 
8.29
 
6.60
 
7.12
 
6.74
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
108.03
 
110.65
 
114.88
 
120.52
 
126.21
 
128.59
 
130.98
 
134.78
 
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
282.18
 
286.49
 
257.89
 
224.31
 
202.75
 
199.58
 
210.39
 
183.63
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
41
 
43
 
49
 
55
 
61
 
63
 
62
 
70
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
25.0
 
25.4
 
25.8
 
26.3
 
26.4
 
27.8
 
27.6
 
27.1
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
2.45
 
2.49
 
2.54
 
2.60
 
2.61
 
2.76
 
2.74
 
2.70
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.19
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.17
 
0.17
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
2.1
 
2.0
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.7
 
4.4
 
4.7
 
5.1
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
26.22
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT-related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
22.6
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
14.2
 
22.1
 
32.3
 
38.4
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
6 621
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5 818
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
4 550
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
4 710
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
470
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
55
 
56
 
55
 
58
 
57
 
57
 
56
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University level: graduation rates in peer age group
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
29
 
36
 
30
 
..
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
14.0
 
14.0
 
14.2
 
15.4
 
16.7
 
17.1
 
17.7
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
32.5
 
30.7
 
28.5
 
26.7
 
23.6
 
21.8
 
21.7
 
21.0
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
73.0
 
73.1
 
73.0
 
73.7
 
73.6
 
73.7
 
74.2
 
74.6
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
21.9
 
23.5
 
25.6
 
29.0
 
31.1
 
33.0
 
33.6
 
33.1
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
2.9
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
15.2
 
14.5
 
13.9
 
13.5
 
14.3
 
13.8
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
19.2
 
18.1
 
17.3
 
17.1
 
17.9
 
17.3
 
16.0
 
15.3
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
10.5
 
10.2
 
10.0
 
9.2
 
10.1
 
9.9
 
9.1
 
9.2
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
6.4
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
6.1
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
7.4
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
7.0
 
6.3
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.1
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
5.6
 
5.0
 
5.4
 
5.6
 
6.1
 
7.4
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
49.0
 
46.6
 
44.8
 
42.2
 
45.1
 
46.1
 
46.1
 
47.5
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per hour, total economy
USD
7.8
 
8.7
 
9.5
 
10.1
 
10.8
 
11.4
 
11.9
 
12.1
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
2 061
 
2 019
 
2 026
 
1 997
 
1 996
 
1 994
 
1 989
 
1 986
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
0.78
 
0.92
 
1.00
 
0.93
 
0.88
 
 |
0.94
 
1.00
 
0.97
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
 |
4.1
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
10 211
 
10 188
 
10 159
 
10 130
 
10 107
 
10 087
 
10 071
 
10 050
 
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
..
 
 
Ratio of population aged 65 and over to total
%
15.1
 
15.2
 
15.3
 
15.4
 
15.6
 
15.7
 
15.9
 
16.1
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
1.7
 
 |
1.0
 
0.4
 
1.6
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
1.4
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
7.3
 
..
 
..
 
6.2
 
5.9
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
5.8
 
..
 
..
 
5.4
 
5.9
 
7.4
 
7.8
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.4
 
7.3
 
10.3
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
71.7
 
72.3
 
72.6
 
72.6
 
72.8
 
72.8
 
73.2
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
67.4
 
68.1
 
68.4
 
68.4
 
68.6
 
68.6
 
69.0
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
75.9
 
76.4
 
76.7
 
76.7
 
76.9
 
76.9
 
77.4
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
9.2
 
8.1
 
7.2
 
7.3
 
6.6
 
6.2
 
5.7
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
22.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household expenditure on recreation and culture
% of GDP
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
2 604
 
2 669
 
2 659
 
2 599
 
2 951
 
3 140
 
3 009
 
3 131
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
118
 
122
 
141
 
131
 
129
 
127
 
130
 
123
 
Note:  e: Estimated value |: Break in series Last updated 6 April 2009
Estimated value
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2009 (www.SourceOECD.org/factbook)
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error