1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2014 Country statistical profile: Germany 2014/2

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2014

Country statistical profile: Germany 2014
‌‌
Unit
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
34 689
 
36 704
 
38 378
 
37 222
 
39 567
 
42 391
 
42 385
 
43 667
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
35 341
 
37 315
 
38 849
 
38 118
 
40 399
 
43 481
 
43 499
 
44 792
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
1.0
 
0.0
 
0.5
 
-0.7
 
0.6
 
1.9
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.7
 
3.3
 
1.1
 
-5.6
 
4.1
 
3.6
 
0.4
 
0.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
10.0
 
10.2
 
10.5
 
10.0
 
9.9
 
9.6
 
9.4
 
9.1
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
7.0
 
4.4
 
1.2
 
-9.9
 
4.9
 
7.2
 
-0.7
 
-0.7
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
Industry
%
26.1
 
26.5
 
25.9
 
23.5
 
25.7
 
26.0
 
26.1
 
26.1
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
21.1
 
21.1
 
21.3
 
21.7
 
20.4
 
20.7
 
20.5
 
20.2
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
27.0
 
27.1
 
27.0
 
27.4
 
26.7
 
26.3
 
25.9
 
25.9
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
21.1
 
20.5
 
20.9
 
22.5
 
22.1
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
22.3
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-1.5
 
0.3
 
0.0
 
-3.0
 
-4.1
 
-0.9
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
General government debt
% of GDP
69.8
 
65.7
 
69.8
 
77.4
 
86.0
 
85.6
 
88.5
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
43.0
 
43.1
 
43.5
 
44.4
 
43.1
 
43.7
 
44.3
 
44.5
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
44.6
 
42.7
 
43.5
 
47.4
 
47.2
 
44.6
 
44.2
 
44.3
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.1
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
9.0
 
8.9
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
e 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.7
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
26.1
 
25.1
 
25.2
 
27.8
 
27.1
 
25.9
 
25.9
 
26.2
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
11.0
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
11.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
0.37
 
0.38
 
0.35
 
0.39
 
0.39
 
0.37
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
35.7
 
36.1
 
36.5
 
37.4
 
36.2
 
36.9
 
37.6
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
10.8
 
11.3
 
11.5
 
10.8
 
10.3
 
10.9
 
11.4
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.1
 
10.5
 
10.6
 
11.1
 
10.6
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
52.3
 
51.8
 
51.3
 
50.8
 
49.1
 
49.7
 
49.6
 
49.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
35.9
 
36.4
 
37.5
 
32.9
 
37.1
 
40.0
 
40.0
 
39.8
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
41.2
 
43.1
 
43.5
 
37.8
 
42.3
 
44.8
 
45.9
 
45.6
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
204.3
 
..
 
242.9
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 066.8
 
..
 
1 173.3
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 271.1
 
..
 
1 416.2
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-38.3
 
-39.4
 
-37.4
 
-22.0
 
-18.1
 
-16.3
 
-17.4
 
-17.4
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
225.5
 
261.5
 
292.8
 
261.2
 
271.3
 
303.1
 
296.5
 
318.4
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
187.2
 
222.1
 
255.4
 
239.3
 
253.2
 
286.8
 
279.1
 
301.0
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
6.0
 
7.2
 
6.0
 
5.7
 
6.1
 
6.6
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 365 645
 
1 356 021
 
1 461 761
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
836 230
 
1 012 729
 
927 428
 
969 551
 
963 391
 
955 617
 
1 004 003
 
1 059 854
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
55 657
 
80 223
 
8 093
 
22 461
 
65 623
 
59 372
 
13 208
 
26 716
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
118 767
 
170 650
 
72 617
 
69 647
 
126 318
 
81 045
 
79 638
 
57 539
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.6
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
0.3
 
1.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
1.5
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.1
 
1.9
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.0
 
3.8
 
6.1
 
-1.3
 
1.2
 
2.8
 
3.4
 
3.9
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
8.1
 
3.9
 
9.5
 
-5.5
 
4.0
 
10.1
 
5.7
 
1.4
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
2.3
 
2.3
 
3.1
 
-3.4
 
2.5
 
4.2
 
1.5
 
0.0
 
Long-term interest rates
%
3.76
 
4.22
 
3.98
 
3.22
 
2.74
 
2.61
 
1.50
 
1.57
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.84
 
0.83
 
0.81
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.78
 
0.79
 
0.78
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
105
 
110
 
112
 
111
 
103
 
103
 
99
 
104
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
340.5
 
330.7
 
334.6
 
313.2
 
329.8
 
311.8
 
307.4
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
5.8
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.8
 
9.9
 
10.0
 
10.7
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
63.29
 
71.60
 
96.70
 
61.18
 
78.49
 
110.63
 
112.21
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
82 809
 
77 542
 
73 845
 
54 197
 
64 134
 
67 643
 
61 850
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.9
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
82.5
 
83.3
 
85.5
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
32 716
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
211
 
210
 
207
 
224
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
39
 
41
 
60
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
46 426
 
47 887
 
48 367
 
48 466
 
49 237
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
560
 
580
 
590
 
590
 
600
 
610
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
812
 
779
 
786
 
730
 
770
 
742
 
755
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
27.6
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
4.2
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
15.2
 
14.0
 
13.7
 
13.7
 
12.6
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
44.0
 
45.9
 
47.2
 
46.6
 
46.8
 
48.2
 
46.6
 
46.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
78.8
 
80.3
 
81.0
 
80.8
 
81.5
 
82.8
 
83.2
 
83.3
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
48.1
 
51.3
 
53.8
 
56.1
 
57.7
 
59.9
 
61.5
 
63.5
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
21.8
 
22.0
 
21.8
 
21.9
 
21.7
 
22.1
 
22.1
 
22.4
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
12.2
 
12.1
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.6
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.2
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
14.7
 
14.4
 
14.1
 
14.4
 
14.4
 
14.5
 
14.4
 
14.0
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
9.3
 
9.2
 
8.9
 
8.5
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.3
 
8.1
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
10.3
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.8
 
7.1
 
6.0
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
10.3
 
8.5
 
7.4
 
8.1
 
7.5
 
6.2
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
10.2
 
8.8
 
7.7
 
7.3
 
6.6
 
5.7
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
56.4
 
56.6
 
52.5
 
45.5
 
47.4
 
48.0
 
45.4
 
44.7
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.2
 
0.7
 
2.1
 
3.6
 
0.3
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 424
 
1 422
 
1 422
 
1 382
 
1 405
 
1 405
 
1 393
 
1 388
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
67 595
 
69 569
 
74 705
 
74 370
 
76 830
 
81 921
 
84 886
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.5
 
7.9
 
8.1
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
82 376
 
82 266
 
82 110
 
81 902
 
81 777
 
81 798
 
81 932
 
81 060
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.0
 
13.8
 
13.7
 
13.5
 
13.4
 
13.3
 
13.2
 
12.9
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
19.5
 
19.9
 
20.2
 
20.5
 
20.6
 
20.6
 
20.7
 
21.1
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.1
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.0
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
7.6
 
6.5
 
7.2
 
7.0
 
5.9
 
5.2
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
15.2
 
11.8
 
14.2
 
11.3
 
8.7
 
8.9
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
8.0
 
6.8
 
6.8
 
6.1
 
5.2
 
4.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
13.8
 
13.0
 
11.8
 
10.1
 
9.1
 
8.4
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
79.8
 
80.1
 
80.2
 
80.3
 
80.5
 
80.8
 
81.0
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
77.2
 
77.4
 
77.6
 
77.8
 
78.0
 
78.4
 
78.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
82.4
 
82.7
 
82.7
 
82.8
 
83.0
 
83.2
 
83.3
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
..
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
14.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
10.7
 
10.2
 
10.3
 
10.3
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
516 835
 
538 594
 
536 933
 
474 856
 
498 951
 
507 815
 
491 866
 
496 644
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
1 024 047
 
1 026 914
 
1 033 421
 
1 041 947
 
1 046 778
 
1 057 771
 
1 059 815
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
62
 
60
 
55
 
51
 
45
 
49
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 12 December 2014; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2014 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2014-en)
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