1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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.

2014 Country statistical profile: Germany 2014/1

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2014

Country statistical profile: Germany 2014
‌‌
Unit
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
31 117
 
33 581
 
35 511
 
37 115
 
35 973
 
38 320
 
40 990
 
41 098
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
31 469
 
34 265
 
36 123
 
37 547
 
36 870
 
39 155
 
41 917
 
42 924
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
0.4
 
1.2
 
0.0
 
0.9
 
-0.5
 
1.0
 
1.7
 
0.7
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.7
 
3.7
 
3.3
 
1.1
 
-5.1
 
4.0
 
3.3
 
0.7
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
10.7
 
10.8
 
11.0
 
11.5
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
10.4
 
10.3
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
0.8
 
8.2
 
4.7
 
1.3
 
-11.7
 
5.7
 
6.9
 
-2.1
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
1.0
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
Industry
%
25.2
 
26.1
 
26.4
 
25.9
 
23.4
 
25.7
 
26.0
 
25.8
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
20.3
 
20.1
 
20.1
 
19.8
 
20.2
 
18.6
 
18.6
 
18.6
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
27.4
 
27.1
 
27.3
 
27.4
 
27.7
 
27.4
 
27.3
 
27.2
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
22.3
 
21.8
 
21.3
 
21.6
 
23.5
 
22.9
 
22.6
 
22.9
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-3.3
 
-1.7
 
0.2
 
-0.1
 
-3.1
 
-4.2
 
-0.8
 
0.1
 
General government debt
% of GDP
71.7
 
69.8
 
65.7
 
69.8
 
77.4
 
86.0
 
85.6
 
88.5
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
43.6
 
43.7
 
43.7
 
44.0
 
45.2
 
43.7
 
44.3
 
44.8
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
46.9
 
45.3
 
43.5
 
44.1
 
48.3
 
47.9
 
45.2
 
44.7
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.3
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
9.0
 
8.9
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.7
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
27.3
 
26.1
 
25.1
 
25.2
 
27.8
 
27.1
 
25.9
 
25.9
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
11.4
 
11.0
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
11.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
0.37
 
0.38
 
0.35
 
0.39
 
0.39
 
0.37
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
35.0
 
35.7
 
36.1
 
36.5
 
37.4
 
36.2
 
36.9
 
37.6
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
9.9
 
10.8
 
11.3
 
11.5
 
10.8
 
10.3
 
10.9
 
11.4
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.1
 
10.1
 
10.5
 
10.6
 
11.1
 
10.6
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
52.1
 
52.3
 
51.8
 
51.3
 
50.8
 
49.1
 
49.7
 
49.6
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
36.1
 
39.9
 
40.2
 
41.9
 
37.5
 
42.0
 
45.4
 
45.9
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
41.3
 
45.5
 
47.2
 
48.2
 
42.5
 
47.6
 
50.6
 
51.8
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
197.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
204.3
 
..
 
242.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
779.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 066.8
 
..
 
1 173.3
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
977.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 271.1
 
..
 
1 416.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-48.8
 
-38.3
 
-39.4
 
-37.4
 
-22.0
 
-18.1
 
-16.3
 
-17.4
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
212.5
 
225.5
 
261.5
 
292.8
 
261.2
 
271.3
 
303.1
 
296.5
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
163.7
 
187.2
 
222.1
 
255.4
 
239.3
 
253.2
 
286.8
 
279.1
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
4.8
 
6.0
 
7.2
 
6.0
 
5.7
 
6.1
 
6.6
 
7.3
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 365 645
 
1 356 021
 
1 461 761
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
647 808
 
836 230
 
1 012 729
 
927 428
 
969 551
 
963 391
 
955 617
 
1 004 003
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
47 411
 
55 657
 
80 223
 
8 093
 
22 461
 
65 623
 
59 372
 
13 208
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
75 848
 
118 767
 
170 650
 
72 617
 
69 647
 
126 318
 
81 045
 
79 638
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.5
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
0.3
 
1.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.9
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
1.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
0.1
 
2.0
 
3.8
 
6.1
 
-1.3
 
1.2
 
2.8
 
3.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
9.7
 
8.1
 
3.9
 
9.5
 
-5.5
 
4.0
 
10.1
 
5.7
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
2.4
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
3.1
 
-3.4
 
2.5
 
4.2
 
1.5
 
Long-term interest rates
%
3.35
 
3.76
 
4.22
 
3.98
 
3.22
 
2.74
 
2.61
 
1.50
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.87
 
0.84
 
0.83
 
0.81
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.78
 
0.79
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
106
 
105
 
110
 
112
 
110
 
103
 
103
 
99
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
335.2
 
340.5
 
330.7
 
334.6
 
313.2
 
329.8
 
311.8
 
307.4
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
5.0
 
5.8
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.8
 
9.9
 
10.0
 
10.7
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
52.30
 
63.29
 
71.60
 
96.70
 
61.18
 
78.49
 
110.63
 
112.21
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
77 168
 
82 809
 
77 542
 
73 845
 
54 197
 
64 134
 
67 643
 
61 850
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.9
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
61.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
82.5
 
83.3
 
85.5
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
35 557
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
32 716
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
247
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
211
 
210
 
207
 
224
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
46
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
39
 
41
 
60
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
46 555
 
46 426
 
47 887
 
48 367
 
48 466
 
49 237
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
560
 
560
 
580
 
590
 
590
 
600
 
610
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
800
 
813
 
787
 
794
 
737
 
769
 
748
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
27.6
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
4.2
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
15.2
 
14.0
 
13.7
 
13.7
 
12.6
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
42.6
 
44.0
 
45.9
 
47.2
 
46.6
 
46.8
 
48.2
 
46.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
77.4
 
78.8
 
80.3
 
81.0
 
80.8
 
81.5
 
82.8
 
83.2
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
45.5
 
48.1
 
51.3
 
53.8
 
56.1
 
57.7
 
59.9
 
61.5
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
21.5
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
21.8
 
21.9
 
21.7
 
22.1
 
22.1
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
12.4
 
12.2
 
12.1
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.6
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
14.9
 
14.7
 
14.4
 
14.1
 
14.4
 
14.4
 
14.5
 
14.4
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
9.4
 
9.3
 
9.2
 
8.9
 
8.5
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.3
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
11.3
 
10.3
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.8
 
7.1
 
6.0
 
5.5
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
11.4
 
10.3
 
8.5
 
7.4
 
8.1
 
7.5
 
6.2
 
5.7
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
11.0
 
10.2
 
8.8
 
7.7
 
7.3
 
6.6
 
5.7
 
5.2
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
53.0
 
56.4
 
56.6
 
52.5
 
45.5
 
47.4
 
48.0
 
45.4
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.3
 
1.2
 
0.7
 
2.1
 
3.6
 
0.3
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 431
 
1 424
 
1 422
 
1 422
 
1 382
 
1 405
 
1 405
 
1 393
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
64 299
 
67 595
 
69 569
 
74 705
 
74 370
 
76 830
 
81 921
 
84 886
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.0
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.5
 
7.9
 
8.1
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
82 469
 
82 376
 
82 266
 
82 110
 
81 902
 
81 777
 
81 798
 
81 932
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.3
 
14.0
 
13.8
 
13.7
 
13.5
 
13.4
 
13.3
 
13.2
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
18.9
 
19.5
 
19.9
 
20.2
 
20.5
 
20.6
 
20.6
 
20.7
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
12.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.1
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
7.6
 
6.5
 
7.2
 
7.0
 
5.9
 
5.2
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
15.2
 
11.8
 
14.2
 
11.3
 
8.7
 
8.9
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
8.0
 
6.8
 
6.8
 
6.1
 
5.2
 
4.7
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
13.8
 
13.0
 
11.8
 
10.1
 
9.1
 
8.4
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
79.4
 
79.8
 
80.1
 
80.2
 
80.3
 
80.5
 
80.8
 
81.0
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
76.7
 
77.2
 
77.4
 
77.6
 
77.8
 
78.0
 
78.4
 
78.6
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
82.0
 
82.4
 
82.7
 
82.7
 
82.8
 
83.0
 
83.2
 
83.3
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.9
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
14.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
11.4
 
10.7
 
10.2
 
10.3
 
10.3
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
486 372
 
516 835
 
538 594
 
536 933
 
474 856
 
498 951
 
507 815
 
491 866
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
1 016 213
 
1 024 047
 
1 026 914
 
1 033 421
 
1 041 947
 
1 046 778
 
1 057 771
 
1 059 815
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
65
 
62
 
60
 
55
 
51
 
45
 
49
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 September 2014; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2014 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2014-en)
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