1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2013 Country statistical profile: Germany 2013

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2013

Country statistical profile: Germany 2013
‌‌
Unit
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
29 684
 
31 117
 
33 552
 
35 559
 
37 115
 
36 052
 
37 430
 
39 187
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
29 939
 
31 469
 
34 235
 
36 171
 
37 590
 
36 816
 
38 124
 
39 944
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
0.6
 
0.4
 
1.2
 
0.0
 
1.0
 
-0.7
 
0.9
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.2
 
0.7
 
3.7
 
3.3
 
1.1
 
-5.1
 
3.7
 
3.0
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
10.6
 
10.7
 
10.8
 
11.0
 
11.7
 
11.1
 
11.3
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
-0.2
 
0.8
 
8.2
 
4.7
 
1.7
 
-11.4
 
5.5
 
6.4
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
33.9
 
-9.3
 
-5.1
 
35.4
 
6.3
 
4.0
 
-14.8
 
-9.2
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
4.3
 
1.8
 
6.8
 
5.0
 
-1.9
 
-17.7
 
15.8
 
6.2
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
-1.2
 
0.2
 
2.8
 
5.0
 
1.8
 
-4.8
 
0.5
 
2.1
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-3.8
 
-3.3
 
-1.7
 
0.2
 
-0.1
 
-3.2
 
-4.2
 
-1.0
 
General government debt
% of GDP
69.0
 
71.7
 
69.8
 
65.7
 
69.7
 
77.4
 
86.9
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
43.3
 
43.6
 
43.7
 
43.7
 
44.0
 
44.9
 
43.3
 
44.3
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
47.1
 
46.9
 
45.3
 
43.5
 
44.0
 
48.1
 
47.5
 
45.3
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.2
 
8.3
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
9.0
 
8.9
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
27.2
 
27.3
 
26.1
 
25.1
 
25.2
 
27.8
 
27.1
 
26.2
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
3.0
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
11.4
 
11.0
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
11.3
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
0.36
 
0.37
 
0.38
 
0.35
 
0.39
 
0.40
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
35.0
 
35.0
 
35.6
 
36.0
 
36.4
 
37.3
 
36.3
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
9.6
 
9.9
 
10.8
 
11.2
 
11.5
 
10.8
 
10.4
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.2
 
10.1
 
10.1
 
10.5
 
10.6
 
11.1
 
10.7
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
52.2
 
52.1
 
52.3
 
51.9
 
51.5
 
50.9
 
49.2
 
49.8
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
33.5
 
36.1
 
39.9
 
40.2
 
41.9
 
37.5
 
41.4
 
45.1
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
38.5
 
41.3
 
45.5
 
47.2
 
48.2
 
42.4
 
47.0
 
50.2
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
193.6
 
197.3
 
199.7
 
269.5
 
261.9
 
189.4
 
204.3
 
221.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
718.2
 
779.8
 
922.2
 
1 059.3
 
1 204.2
 
938.0
 
1 066.8
 
1 260.3
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
911.8
 
977.1
 
1 122.0
 
1 328.8
 
1 466.1
 
1 127.5
 
1 271.1
 
1 482.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-51.1
 
-48.8
 
-38.3
 
-39.4
 
-37.4
 
-23.1
 
-24.2
 
-31.6
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
198.1
 
212.5
 
225.5
 
261.5
 
292.8
 
260.9
 
267.7
 
296.5
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
147.0
 
163.7
 
187.2
 
222.1
 
255.4
 
237.7
 
243.5
 
265.0
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
4.6
 
5.0
 
6.2
 
7.5
 
6.2
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
5.7
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 346 227
 
1 405 807
 
1 406 650
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
944 747
 
910 381
 
902 187
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
118 767
 
170 650
 
72 617
 
75 395
 
109 328
 
54 418
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
55 657
 
80 223
 
8 093
 
24 158
 
46 863
 
40 439
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.7
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
0.4
 
1.1
 
2.3
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.7
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
1.9
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
0.7
 
1.2
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-0.3
 
0.1
 
2.0
 
3.8
 
6.1
 
-1.3
 
1.4
 
2.9
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
4.1
 
9.8
 
8.5
 
4.0
 
9.6
 
-5.4
 
4.0
 
10.0
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
1.7
 
2.4
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
3.1
 
-3.4
 
2.5
 
4.4
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.04
 
3.35
 
3.76
 
4.22
 
3.98
 
3.22
 
2.74
 
2.61
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.90
 
0.87
 
0.84
 
0.83
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
109
 
106
 
105
 
110
 
112
 
110
 
104
 
105
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
343.2
 
338.3
 
340.7
 
331.2
 
334.1
 
317.1
 
327.4
 
307.2
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
4.4
 
4.9
 
5.8
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.7
 
9.9
 
11.3
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
36.65
 
52.30
 
63.29
 
71.60
 
96.70
 
61.18
 
78.49
 
110.63
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
14.5
 
15.0
 
15.2
 
14.0
 
13.0
 
13.2
 
12.7
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5.3
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
61.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
82.5
 
83.3
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
35 560
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
32 300
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
223
 
247
 
259
 
262
 
243
 
211
 
210
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
57
 
46
 
35
 
45
 
44
 
39
 
41
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
46 560
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
47 690
 
47 690
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
560
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
580
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
841
 
809
 
821
 
796
 
800
 
747
 
762
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
24.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
26.6
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8 534
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
15 711
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
16.7
 
15.2
 
14.0
 
13.7
 
13.7
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
41.9
 
42.6
 
44.0
 
45.9
 
47.2
 
46.6
 
46.8
 
48.2
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
78.1
 
77.4
 
78.8
 
80.3
 
81.0
 
80.8
 
81.5
 
82.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
41.8
 
45.5
 
48.1
 
51.3
 
53.8
 
56.1
 
57.7
 
59.9
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
20.1
 
21.5
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
21.8
 
21.9
 
21.7
 
22.1
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
12.1
 
12.4
 
12.2
 
12.1
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.6
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
14.9
 
14.9
 
14.7
 
14.4
 
14.1
 
14.4
 
14.4
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
8.8
 
9.4
 
9.3
 
9.2
 
8.9
 
8.5
 
8.4
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
10.5
 
11.3
 
10.3
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
7.8
 
7.1
 
5.9
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
10.7
 
11.6
 
10.3
 
8.6
 
7.4
 
8.1
 
7.5
 
6.2
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
10.2
 
11.0
 
10.2
 
8.8
 
7.7
 
7.3
 
6.6
 
5.7
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
51.8
 
53.0
 
56.4
 
56.6
 
52.5
 
45.5
 
47.4
 
48.0
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.5
 
0.3
 
1.2
 
0.7
 
2.1
 
3.4
 
-0.2
 
2.8
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 436
 
1 431
 
1 424
 
1 422
 
1 422
 
1 383
 
1 408
 
1 413
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
63 800
 
64 299
 
67 595
 
69 569
 
74 705
 
74 375
 
77 098
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.3
 
7.5
 
7.9
 
8.1
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
82 516
 
82 469
 
82 376
 
82 266
 
82 110
 
81 902
 
81 777
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.6
 
14.3
 
14.0
 
13.8
 
13.7
 
13.5
 
13.4
 
13.2
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
18.3
 
18.9
 
19.5
 
19.9
 
20.2
 
20.5
 
20.6
 
20.7
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
12.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
16.4
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
8.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
7.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5.6
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.7
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
7.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.2
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5.1
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
79.2
 
79.4
 
79.8
 
80.0
 
80.2
 
80.3
 
80.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
76.5
 
76.7
 
77.2
 
77.4
 
77.6
 
77.8
 
78.0
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.9
 
82.0
 
82.4
 
82.7
 
82.7
 
82.8
 
83.0
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.1
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
51.4
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
5.7
 
5.6
 
5.2
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
4.8
 
5.1
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
470 056
 
486 372
 
516 835
 
538 594
 
536 933
 
474 856
 
498 951
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
1 009 071
 
998 909
 
1 008 248
 
1 010 985
 
1 017 320
 
1 030 407
 
1 029 067
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
71
 
65
 
62
 
60
 
55
 
51
 
44
 
..
 
Last updated: 28 February 2013; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2013 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2013-en)
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