1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

English Also available in: French

2022 Country statistical profile: European Union 2022/3

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2022

Country statistical profile: European Union 2022
‌‌
Unit
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
37 104
 
38 255
 
40 608
 
42 707
 
44 662
 
46 012
 
44 777
 
48 422
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
37 091
 
38 111
 
40 611
 
42 740
 
44 751
 
46 102
 
44 756
 
48 455
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.6
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
2.8
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
-5.9
 
5.4
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
2.1
 
5.0
 
3.3
 
4.1
 
3.5
 
6.5
 
-5.6
 
3.9
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Construction
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Real estate
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
307.6
 
316.7
 
340.1
 
303.0
 
239.5
 
283.8
 
315.6
 
153.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
5 344.6
 
4 601.7
 
4 612.4
 
5 159.8
 
5 758.8
 
5 549.4
 
5 124.8
 
6 449.2
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
5 652.3
 
4 918.4
 
4 952.5
 
5 462.8
 
5 998.4
 
5 833.2
 
5 440.4
 
6 602.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
145.0
 
84.0
 
81.8
 
130.8
 
181.4
 
82.3
 
31.1
 
160.0
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
836.1
 
829.9
 
844.6
 
894.3
 
966.7
 
1 084.4
 
977.8
 
1 055.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
981.1
 
913.9
 
926.4
 
1 025.1
 
1 148.1
 
1 166.7
 
1 008.8
 
1 215.2
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
2.5
 
2.9
 
3.2
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.5
 
2.3
 
2.5
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
8 235 411
 
8 746 719
 
8 916 076
 
10 331 642
 
9 888 992
 
10 399 619
 
13 272 954
 
13 249 453
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
6 733 453
 
7 337 894
 
7 328 043
 
8 684 581
 
8 478 474
 
8 912 769
 
11 879 402
 
10 723 956
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
321 805
 
574 088
 
346 783
 
269 908
 
358 345
 
392 803
 
213 982
 
140 089
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
451 796
 
758 715
 
483 523
 
330 469
 
280 946
 
365 814
 
23 720
 
400 078
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
0.4
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
1.6
 
1.8
 
1.4
 
0.7
 
2.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
0.8
 
1.0
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
1.8
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-0.2
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
2.1
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
2.5
 
1.6
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-1.9
 
-6.4
 
-4.7
 
4.4
 
6.2
 
1.2
 
-6.1
 
12.6
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-0.9
 
-2.4
 
-1.3
 
3.2
 
2.5
 
0.7
 
-1.6
 
7.8
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.72
 
0.72
 
0.69
 
0.69
 
0.68
 
0.68
 
0.67
 
0.67
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
0.89
 
0.88
 
0.85
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 392.0
 
1 409.0
 
1 419.5
 
1 443.6
 
1 429.9
 
1 403.0
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
..
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
192 796.2
 
197 959.7
 
200 950.2
 
204 952.3
 
210 626.9
 
215 494.2
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
2 766
 
2 825
 
2 835
 
2 854
 
2 789
 
2 651
 
2 393
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
29.9
 
30.4
 
31.1
 
32.2
 
33.0
 
33.5
 
31.4
 
32.7
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
76.1
 
76.9
 
77.7
 
78.6
 
79.5
 
80.2
 
79.0
 
80.4
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
49.8
 
51.4
 
53.6
 
55.6
 
57.3
 
58.6
 
59.2
 
60.5
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
16.6
 
16.3
 
15.9
 
15.6
 
15.3
 
15.2
 
15.2
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
20.1
 
19.7
 
19.2
 
18.8
 
18.5
 
18.4
 
18.5
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
12.5
 
12.3
 
12.0
 
11.7
 
11.5
 
11.3
 
11.4
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
11.0
 
10.2
 
9.3
 
8.3
 
7.4
 
6.8
 
7.2
 
7.1
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
10.9
 
10.1
 
9.0
 
8.0
 
7.1
 
6.6
 
7.0
 
6.8
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
11.2
 
10.3
 
9.5
 
8.6
 
7.7
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
7.4
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.9
 
1.3
 
1.0
 
2.6
 
2.4
 
2.6
 
4.3
 
0.8
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
332 021
 
340 526
 
345 458
 
362 508
 
377 800
 
392 607
 
385 450
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.7
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
8.9
 
9.2
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 26 August 2022; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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