1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2016 Country statistical profile: European Union 2016/2

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2016

Country statistical profile: European Union 2016
‌‌
Unit
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
33 237
 
32 450
 
33 316
 
34 610
 
35 099
 
36 209
 
36 914
 
37 690
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
32 957
 
32 394
 
33 353
 
34 665
 
35 137
 
36 196
 
36 829
 
37 477
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.4
 
-4.4
 
2.1
 
1.7
 
-0.5
 
0.2
 
1.5
 
2.2
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-0.8
 
-11.9
 
0.1
 
1.9
 
-2.5
 
-1.7
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Construction
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Real estate
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.7
 
1.0
 
2.1
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
1.5
 
0.5
 
0.0
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.9
 
1.6
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.2
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.4
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
3.4
 
3.0
 
2.6
 
-0.2
 
0.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
11.0
 
-5.1
 
7.2
 
11.3
 
7.1
 
0.7
 
-1.6
 
-6.6
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
5.1
 
-4.6
 
3.3
 
5.6
 
2.2
 
0.0
 
-0.9
 
-2.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.76
 
0.75
 
0.76
 
0.74
 
0.74
 
0.76
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
108
 
103
 
99
 
100
 
96
 
99
 
101
 
94
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 762.3
 
1 660.3
 
1 725.2
 
1 658.2
 
1 645.3
 
1 626.4
 
1 565.0
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.09
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
141 253.5
 
150 577.6
 
168 964.3
 
168 998.8
 
186 800.3
 
196 654.6
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
3 790
 
3 499
 
3 611
 
3 465
 
3 425
 
3 340
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
37.3
 
34.8
 
33.8
 
33.3
 
32.5
 
32.1
 
32.4
 
33.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.4
 
78.0
 
77.7
 
77.7
 
77.3
 
76.9
 
77.4
 
78.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
45.5
 
45.9
 
46.2
 
47.2
 
48.7
 
50.1
 
51.8
 
53.3
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
15.9
 
16.3
 
16.6
 
16.9
 
17.2
 
17.5
 
17.3
 
17.2
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
16.7
 
16.7
 
16.9
 
16.6
 
16.6
 
16.5
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
19.9
 
20.1
 
20.4
 
20.1
 
20.2
 
20.0
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
12.7
 
12.6
 
12.7
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
12.3
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.0
 
8.9
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
10.4
 
10.8
 
10.2
 
9.4
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
6.6
 
8.9
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
10.4
 
10.8
 
10.1
 
9.3
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
7.4
 
8.8
 
9.5
 
9.7
 
10.5
 
10.9
 
10.3
 
9.5
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
36.6
 
33.0
 
39.5
 
42.5
 
44.1
 
46.9
 
49.2
 
48.5
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.5
 
0.4
 
4.0
 
1.7
 
3.7
 
1.1
 
1.4
 
3.2
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
303 841
 
303 344
 
308 915
 
321 041
 
326 740
 
328 746
 
336 705
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.6
 
6.8
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
501 194
 
502 630
 
503 833
 
505 035
 
506 100
 
506 736
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
..
 
..
 
Eldery population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.2
 
17.4
 
17.5
 
17.7
 
18.0
 
18.4
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
6.2
 
8.3
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
9.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
10.3
 
14.7
 
14.7
 
14.5
 
15.4
 
15.9
 
14.6
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
7.0
 
8.3
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
9.8
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
11.6
 
13.6
 
14.4
 
14.9
 
15.6
 
16.2
 
15.2
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 September 2016; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org). For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2015-2016 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2015-en).

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