1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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.

2011 Country statistical profile: European Union 2011

English French

Country statistical profile: European Union 2011-2012
‌‌
Unit
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
11 967.2
 
12 603.8
 
13 234.7
 
14 362.3
 
15 275.6
 
16 014.6
 
15 645.1
 
15 919.7
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
24 543
 
25 731
 
26 895
 
29 068
 
30 773
 
32 114
 
31 269
 
31 737
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
24 456
 
25 751
 
26 910
 
29 107
 
30 754
 
32 017
 
31 118
 
31 695
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.3
 
0.4
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.3
 
2.5
 
2.0
 
3.2
 
3.0
 
0.5
 
-4.2
 
1.8
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
6.9
 
6.3
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
7.8
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
1.3
 
3.1
 
3.5
 
6.1
 
5.8
 
-0.8
 
-12.0
 
-0.7
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-4.5
 
11.4
 
-5.0
 
-0.5
 
-0.7
 
2.6
 
1.4
 
-0.1
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
0.5
 
3.1
 
1.2
 
3.5
 
3.1
 
-1.7
 
-12.3
 
6.0
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.35
 
0.35
 
0.44
 
0.43
 
0.39
 
0.43
 
0.44
 
0.46
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
33.2
 
34.6
 
36.5
 
39.2
 
39.6
 
41.0
 
35.6
 
39.7
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
34.5
 
35.7
 
37.1
 
39.6
 
40.1
 
41.3
 
36.6
 
40.5
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
-157.8
 
-230.1
 
-263.5
 
-358.4
 
-143.5
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
1 465.1
 
1 671.9
 
1 966.6
 
2 287.7
 
1 670.9
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
1 307.3
 
1 441.8
 
1 703.1
 
1 929.3
 
1 527.4
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8 183 152
 
8 098 547
 
8 915 800
 
9 059 806
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 535 500
 
6 930 639
 
7 533 931
 
7 165 709
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
379 718
 
604 508
 
686 543
 
1 252 600
 
962 403
 
386 789
 
436 725
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
222 661
 
497 651
 
582 109
 
856 592
 
538 747
 
372 736
 
302 022
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.1
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
3.7
 
1.0
 
2.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.6
 
1.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.0
 
1.8
 
1.1
 
2.4
 
3.5
 
6.4
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
3.9
 
5.4
 
9.9
 
8.5
 
3.3
 
11.0
 
-5.1
 
7.2
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
1.0
 
3.0
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
5.2
 
-3.8
 
3.0
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
98
 
103
 
102
 
102
 
107
 
108
 
103
 
99
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 759.9
 
1 778.0
 
1 779.4
 
1 779.1
 
1 757.2
 
1 751.3
 
1 655.8
 
..
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
3.61
 
3.63
 
3.62
 
3.60
 
3.54
 
3.51
 
3.31
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.15
 
0.15
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
5.9
 
6.3
 
6.5
 
7.0
 
7.7
 
8.2
 
9.2
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
48.4
 
..
 
..
 
60.4
 
65.2
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
3 994
 
4 010
 
3 979
 
3 996
 
3 942
 
3 868
 
3 577
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
17.6
 
17.5
 
17.3
 
17.0
 
16.8
 
16.5
 
16.5
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
20.7
 
20.7
 
20.5
 
20.3
 
20.1
 
19.7
 
20.0
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
13.7
 
13.5
 
13.2
 
13.0
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
12.4
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
9.1
 
9.2
 
9.0
 
8.3
 
7.2
 
7.1
 
9.0
 
9.7
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
8.5
 
8.6
 
8.4
 
7.6
 
6.7
 
6.7
 
9.1
 
9.7
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
9.9
 
10.0
 
9.8
 
9.0
 
7.9
 
7.6
 
9.0
 
9.6
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
3.8
 
2.6
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
1.76
 
1.73
 
1.74
 
1.77
 
1.77
 
1.84
 
1.90
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
5.8
 
6.0
 
6.2
 
6.4
 
6.4
 
6.6
 
6.9
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
103
 
96
 
91
 
87
 
86
 
79
 
70
 
..
 
Last updated: 18 January 2012
..
Not available
Source: OECD Factbook statistics.
For explanatory notes, seeOECD Factbook 2011-2012(DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2011-en)
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