1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

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2010 Country statistical profile: European Union 2010

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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: European Union 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
11 155.6
 
11 631.9
 
11 954.6
 
12 588.4
 
13 207.4
 
14 003.4
 
14 870.1
 
15 283.6
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
23 035
 
23 956
 
24 517
 
25 700
 
26 839
 
28 341
 
29 954
 
30 651
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
22 923
 
23 825
 
24 424
 
25 717
 
26 845
 
28 375
 
29 920
 
30 511
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
3.3
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.0
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
2.5
 
2.0
 
3.2
 
2.9
 
0.8
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
7.5
 
7.4
 
7.3
 
6.6
 
6.4
 
5.8
 
5.5
 
5.8
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
20.2
 
19.6
 
19.5
 
19.6
 
20.0
 
20.7
 
21.3
 
21.1
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-0.5
 
0.2
 
-4.6
 
11.2
 
-4.9
 
-0.1
 
-2.1
 
3.1
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
1.0
 
0.0
 
0.6
 
2.7
 
1.4
 
3.5
 
2.5
 
-0.5
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
2.5
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
1.4
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.33
 
0.35
 
0.35
 
0.35
 
0.44
 
0.43
 
0.39
 
0.43
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
35.6
 
34.5
 
33.9
 
35.2
 
36.9
 
39.4
 
39.9
 
41.0
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
28.9
 
77.3
 
68.4
 
45.4
 
-23.8
 
-95.1
 
-117.8
 
-270.1
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
2 386.6
 
2 496.5
 
3 011.1
 
3 642.1
 
4 020.4
 
4 645.4
 
5 420.3
 
6 033.3
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
2 366.1
 
2 533.8
 
3 034.3
 
3 641.0
 
3 939.3
 
4 479.3
 
5 239.4
 
5 763.2
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
4 627 432
 
4 575 957
 
5 810 496
 
7 471 726
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
4 405 989
 
4 548 405
 
5 913 974
 
7 575 624
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
230 952
 
573 183
 
638 587
 
810 471
 
469 615
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
281 845
 
532 598
 
662 661
 
883 596
 
634 725
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.2
 
2.5
 
2.1
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
3.7
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.1
 
2.5
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.5
 
2.9
 
2.0
 
1.8
 
1.1
 
2.4
 
3.5
 
6.4
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
2.8
 
1.5
 
3.9
 
5.4
 
9.9
 
8.5
 
3.3
 
11.0
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
1.2
 
0.1
 
1.0
 
2.9
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.2
 
5.5
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
86
 
89
 
98
 
102
 
102
 
103
 
108
 
111
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 725.3
 
1 720.1
 
1 760.5
 
1 777.9
 
1 778.9
 
1 778.9
 
1 758.8
 
..
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
3.56
 
3.54
 
3.61
 
3.63
 
3.62
 
3.60
 
3.55
 
..
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.15
 
0.15
 
0.14
 
..
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
6.2
 
6.1
 
6.4
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
7.4
 
8.2
 
..
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
39.5
 
48.4
 
49.2
 
54.1
 
60.4
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
258 200
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
520
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
3 905
 
3 877
 
3 993
 
4 003
 
3 970
 
3 988
 
3 926
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
18.2
 
17.6
 
17.6
 
17.5
 
17.3
 
17.0
 
16.8
 
16.5
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
20.9
 
20.5
 
20.7
 
20.7
 
20.5
 
20.3
 
20.1
 
19.7
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
14.7
 
13.9
 
13.7
 
13.5
 
13.2
 
13.0
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
8.5
 
8.9
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
8.9
 
8.2
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
7.8
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.3
 
7.6
 
6.6
 
6.6
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
9.4
 
9.7
 
9.7
 
9.8
 
9.6
 
8.9
 
7.8
 
7.5
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
4.2
 
4.1
 
3.8
 
2.6
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.7
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
1.75
 
1.76
 
1.75
 
1.73
 
1.74
 
1.76
 
1.77
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
5.4
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.4
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
482 159
 
483 825
 
485 841
 
487 988
 
490 103
 
492 076
 
494 269
 
 |
493 325
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.9
 
16.7
 
16.4
 
16.2
 
16.0
 
15.8
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
15.9
 
16.1
 
16.3
 
16.5
 
16.7
 
16.9
 
17.0
 
17.2
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
112
 
110
 
103
 
96
 
91
 
87
 
86
 
79
 
Note:  |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
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