1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2018 Country statistical profile: Estonia 2018/3

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2018

Country statistical profile: Estonia 2018
‌‌
Unit
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
21 573
 
24 501
 
25 973
 
27 450
 
28 511
 
28 735
 
29 741
 
31 739
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
20 429
 
23 273
 
24 926
 
26 817
 
27 750
 
28 131
 
29 161
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
-3.2
 
3.3
 
3.1
 
2.4
 
4.3
 
5.3
 
3.8
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.3
 
7.6
 
4.3
 
1.9
 
2.9
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
4.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
4.2
 
4.8
 
5.1
 
4.4
 
6.3
 
7.4
 
7.3
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-2.7
 
34.4
 
12.7
 
1.5
 
-8.7
 
-2.9
 
-1.2
 
13.1
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
3.2
 
3.9
 
3.7
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
2.8
 
Industry including energy
%
22.0
 
22.3
 
21.4
 
21.8
 
22.2
 
21.5
 
20.9
 
20.6
 
Construction
%
5.9
 
6.9
 
7.3
 
7.0
 
6.4
 
6.2
 
6.0
 
6.6
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
22.2
 
22.6
 
23.1
 
23.1
 
22.5
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
21.5
 
Information, communication
%
5.3
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.8
 
6.2
 
Finance and insurance
%
4.1
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
Real estate
%
9.8
 
9.7
 
9.8
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.5
 
10.3
 
9.8
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
9.0
 
8.8
 
9.0
 
9.0
 
8.8
 
9.0
 
9.3
 
9.8
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
16.2
 
14.7
 
14.4
 
14.7
 
15.1
 
15.9
 
16.4
 
16.2
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
2.6
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
0.2
 
1.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
0.7
 
0.1
 
-0.3
 
-0.3
 
General government debt
% of GDP
11.9
 
9.5
 
13.2
 
13.6
 
14.1
 
12.9
 
13.1
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
40.7
 
38.6
 
39.0
 
38.3
 
39.1
 
40.3
 
40.3
 
39.9
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
40.5
 
37.4
 
39.3
 
38.5
 
38.4
 
40.2
 
40.6
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.8
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.1
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
18.3
 
16.3
 
15.9
 
15.9
 
16.0
 
17.0
 
17.4
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
7.6
 
6.7
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.10
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.13
 
0.14
 
0.15
 
0.19
 
0.17
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
33.3
 
31.5
 
31.7
 
31.7
 
32.8
 
33.9
 
34.7
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
5.3
 
5.1
 
5.2
 
5.5
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
13.4
 
13.1
 
13.4
 
13.1
 
13.8
 
14.2
 
14.9
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
40.1
 
40.3
 
40.4
 
39.9
 
40.0
 
39.0
 
39.0
 
39.0
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
68.7
 
80.8
 
84.4
 
81.5
 
79.7
 
74.6
 
75.1
 
73.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
75.1
 
86.5
 
86.0
 
84.3
 
82.6
 
78.6
 
79.0
 
78.0
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-0.5
 
-0.5
 
-1.6
 
-1.2
 
-1.4
 
-0.9
 
-0.9
 
-1.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
10.5
 
14.9
 
15.5
 
15.8
 
16.0
 
12.9
 
13.2
 
14.4
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
9.9
 
14.4
 
13.8
 
14.6
 
14.6
 
11.9
 
12.3
 
13.4
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
1.8
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
2.2
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
2.1
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
2.9
 
3.8
 
4.0
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
4.7
 
5.6
 
6.0
 
6.6
 
7.1
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
6.8
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.3
 
-1.9
 
0.5
 
0.2
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
3.1
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
5 545
 
4 805
 
6 064
 
6 892
 
6 423
 
6 218
 
6 576
 
7 700
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
15 551
 
16 349
 
18 934
 
22 083
 
20 896
 
18 862
 
19 369
 
23 151
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 509
 
1 006
 
1 566
 
769
 
656
 
13
 
915
 
784
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
167
 
-1 455
 
1 054
 
513
 
43
 
156
 
352
 
19
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.0
 
5.0
 
3.9
 
2.8
 
-0.1
 
-0.5
 
0.1
 
3.4
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
0.8
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
1.4
 
1.0
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
2.1
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
3.0
 
9.7
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
0.0
 
-0.5
 
0.0
 
5.7
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
12.3
 
8.2
 
10.6
 
5.7
 
-4.0
 
-7.0
 
-4.0
 
5.6
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.51
 
0.51
 
0.52
 
0.52
 
0.53
 
0.54
 
0.54
 
0.55
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.75
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
66
 
68
 
66
 
70
 
72
 
67
 
68
 
70
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
6.1
 
6.0
 
5.4
 
6.0
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.20
 
0.18
 
0.17
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
0.16
 
0.17
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
846.4
 
835.3
 
861.3
 
851.0
 
858.8
 
905.4
 
1 048.6
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
68.3
 
70.0
 
74.3
 
79.0
 
..
 
87.9
 
..
 
86.9
 
Households with access to internet
%
66.9
 
69.4
 
73.8
 
79.3
 
82.9
 
87.7
 
86.2
 
88.3
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
1 842
 
1 874
 
1 631
 
1 748
 
1 724
 
1 615
 
1 756
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
77
 
61
 
52
 
51
 
52
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
15
 
17
 
13
 
13
 
12
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
406
 
399
 
371
 
386
 
470
 
473
 
494
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
305
 
300
 
280
 
292
 
356
 
359
 
377
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
19
 
18
 
16
 
19
 
19
 
16
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
35
 
37
 
38
 
37
 
37
 
38
 
39
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
5 864
 
7 256
 
6 760
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
7 025
 
6 523
 
7 077
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
8 490
 
11 798
 
12 375
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
6.1
 
6.4
 
6.8
 
4.6
 
7.0
 
5.5
 
4.2
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
22.4
 
15.8
 
17.1
 
16.8
 
16.1
 
15.0
 
13.9
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
25.4
 
31.1
 
32.3
 
32.4
 
33.3
 
36.3
 
37.5
 
40.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
74.9
 
78.3
 
79.5
 
80.4
 
80.9
 
83.0
 
82.6
 
84.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
53.8
 
57.5
 
60.5
 
62.6
 
64.0
 
64.6
 
65.3
 
68.0
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
8.8
 
8.9
 
8.2
 
8.0
 
7.6
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
8.1
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
16.7
 
12.3
 
10.0
 
8.6
 
7.4
 
6.2
 
6.8
 
5.8
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
19.3
 
13.1
 
10.9
 
9.1
 
7.9
 
6.2
 
7.4
 
6.2
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
14.1
 
11.6
 
9.1
 
8.2
 
6.8
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
5.3
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
45.3
 
57.3
 
54.7
 
44.5
 
45.3
 
38.3
 
31.6
 
33.5
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.4
 
-1.5
 
9.7
 
5.6
 
6.7
 
3.3
 
6.4
 
5.1
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 875
 
1 919
 
1 886
 
1 866
 
1 859
 
1 852
 
1 855
 
1 857
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
455
 
714
 
685
 
567
 
491
 
512
 
450
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.4
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
7.3
 
7.1
 
6.7
 
6.9
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 331
 
1 327
 
1 323
 
1 318
 
1 316
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.4
 
-0.4
 
-0.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.2
 
15.4
 
15.6
 
15.7
 
15.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.4
 
17.6
 
17.9
 
18.2
 
18.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
16.0
 
15.9
 
10.0
 
10.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
16.3
 
15.9
 
15.9
 
16.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
19.4
 
13.1
 
10.6
 
9.0
 
7.9
 
6.3
 
7.3
 
6.3
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
23.6
 
15.6
 
14.9
 
11.2
 
8.8
 
7.0
 
9.9
 
6.7
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
13.4
 
11.2
 
9.0
 
8.1
 
6.7
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
5.4
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
22.2
 
18.1
 
11.2
 
10.8
 
9.7
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
6.1
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
75.9
 
76.4
 
76.5
 
77.3
 
77.2
 
77.7
 
77.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
70.9
 
71.4
 
71.4
 
72.8
 
72.4
 
73.2
 
73.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
80.8
 
81.3
 
81.5
 
81.7
 
81.9
 
82.2
 
82.2
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.3
 
2.5
 
3.6
 
2.1
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
2.3
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
51.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
15.9
 
15.3
 
16.6
 
15.3
 
17.5
 
14.1
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
12 249
 
12 184
 
10 922
 
10 709
 
9 548
 
9 374
 
9 056
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
2 514
 
2 501
 
2 726
 
2 844
 
2 851
 
3 604
 
3 311
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
59
 
76
 
66
 
61
 
55
 
46
 
48
 
..
 
Last updated: 6 July 2018; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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