1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2013 Country statistical profile: Estonia 2013

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2013

Country statistical profile: Estonia 2013
‌‌
Unit
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
14 753
 
16 531
 
19 146
 
21 583
 
22 155
 
19 791
 
20 393
 
21 938
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
14 044
 
15 902
 
18 145
 
20 151
 
20 970
 
19 224
 
19 376
 
20 825
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.0
 
11.0
 
10.8
 
11.8
 
0.4
 
-6.7
 
-2.7
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
6.3
 
8.9
 
10.1
 
7.5
 
-3.7
 
-14.3
 
2.3
 
7.6
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
-12.8
 
-10.8
 
-13.1
 
-8.2
 
-2.6
 
5.7
 
3.7
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
6.0
 
15.2
 
23.0
 
9.3
 
-15.1
 
-37.9
 
-9.1
 
26.8
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-8.2
 
-0.5
 
-1.0
 
15.6
 
10.0
 
12.4
 
-9.3
 
2.6
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
2.6
 
8.5
 
10.1
 
6.0
 
-8.4
 
-22.5
 
18.3
 
17.3
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
7.9
 
13.5
 
11.1
 
7.0
 
-0.2
 
-3.7
 
0.7
 
-0.2
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.6
 
1.6
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
-3.0
 
-2.0
 
0.3
 
1.0
 
General government debt
% of GDP
8.5
 
8.2
 
8.0
 
7.2
 
8.2
 
12.4
 
12.5
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
35.6
 
35.2
 
36.1
 
36.4
 
36.7
 
43.5
 
40.8
 
39.3
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
34.0
 
33.6
 
33.6
 
34.0
 
39.7
 
45.5
 
40.6
 
38.2
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.7
 
3.9
 
4.7
 
5.3
 
5.0
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
14.4
 
14.1
 
13.8
 
13.5
 
16.7
 
23.5
 
23.4
 
21.9
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.1
 
6.2
 
7.9
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
30.6
 
30.6
 
30.7
 
31.4
 
31.7
 
35.9
 
34.0
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
7.9
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
7.4
 
7.8
 
7.6
 
6.8
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.8
 
12.9
 
13.1
 
13.1
 
11.8
 
14.7
 
13.5
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
41.5
 
39.9
 
39.0
 
39.0
 
38.4
 
39.2
 
40.1
 
40.1
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
80.1
 
84.2
 
82.9
 
76.3
 
75.1
 
58.9
 
72.5
 
87.8
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
73.1
 
77.7
 
72.7
 
67.1
 
70.8
 
64.7
 
79.4
 
92.7
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-2.5
 
-2.8
 
-4.6
 
-4.9
 
-3.6
 
-0.9
 
-0.4
 
-0.6
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
9.1
 
11.0
 
14.6
 
16.7
 
17.3
 
11.4
 
13.2
 
18.8
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
6.5
 
8.2
 
10.0
 
11.7
 
13.7
 
10.4
 
12.8
 
18.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
1.1
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
1.7
 
2.2
 
2.5
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
3.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
2.8
 
3.2
 
3.6
 
4.5
 
5.3
 
4.4
 
4.6
 
5.4
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-11.3
 
-10.0
 
-15.3
 
-16.0
 
-9.2
 
3.4
 
2.9
 
1.9
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6 410
 
5 698
 
4 740
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
16 222
 
16 474
 
16 726
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
1 107
 
1 746
 
1 112
 
1 549
 
142
 
-1 460
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
1 797
 
2 725
 
1 729
 
1 839
 
1 600
 
257
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.0
 
4.1
 
4.4
 
6.6
 
10.4
 
-0.1
 
3.0
 
5.0
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.2
 
1.9
 
3.3
 
5.4
 
6.5
 
1.9
 
0.8
 
2.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
4.2
 
3.5
 
5.0
 
9.3
 
14.2
 
-4.0
 
3.0
 
9.7
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
8.2
 
13.5
 
8.2
 
7.8
 
23.2
 
-2.5
 
12.3
 
8.2
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
3.4
 
2.3
 
4.8
 
10.1
 
7.6
 
-3.9
 
2.1
 
5.7
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EEK per USD
0.49
 
0.50
 
0.52
 
0.55
 
0.55
 
0.52
 
0.52
 
0.54
 
Exchange rates
EEK per USD
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.75
 
0.72
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
59
 
61
 
65
 
73
 
76
 
71
 
68
 
71
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
5.6
 
5.4
 
4.7
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.26
 
0.23
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.22
 
0.25
 
0.23
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
11.4
 
11.4
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
11.9
 
15.2
 
15.3
 
13.7
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.6
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
38.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
67.8
 
70.8
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
1 300
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 840
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
96
 
90
 
88
 
97
 
100
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
590
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
420
 
420
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
440
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
310
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
17
 
17
 
16
 
19
 
18
 
15
 
18
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
33.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
35.3
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6 149
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6 373
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
3.7
 
5.7
 
4.9
 
8.0
 
6.1
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
15.4
 
15.3
 
10.7
 
19.8
 
22.4
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
28.1
 
29.8
 
32.0
 
34.9
 
37.0
 
29.6
 
26.4
 
32.3
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
78.5
 
79.3
 
84.0
 
84.5
 
83.7
 
76.2
 
74.6
 
78.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
52.1
 
55.7
 
58.2
 
59.5
 
62.2
 
60.4
 
53.8
 
57.1
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
6.8
 
6.7
 
6.7
 
6.8
 
6.2
 
8.4
 
8.7
 
8.8
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
9.7
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
9.0
 
7.7
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
13.1
 
11.3
 
11.4
 
12.6
 
10.6
 
11.4
 
11.5
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
6.3
 
5.1
 
4.7
 
5.4
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
9.7
 
7.9
 
5.9
 
4.7
 
5.5
 
13.8
 
16.9
 
12.5
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
10.4
 
8.8
 
6.2
 
5.4
 
5.8
 
16.9
 
19.5
 
13.1
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
8.9
 
7.1
 
5.6
 
3.9
 
5.2
 
10.6
 
14.3
 
11.8
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
52.2
 
53.4
 
48.2
 
49.5
 
30.9
 
27.4
 
45.4
 
56.8
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
11.3
 
9.7
 
14.7
 
24.9
 
11.3
 
3.8
 
-1.1
 
-0.8
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 996
 
2 010
 
2 001
 
1 999
 
1 969
 
1 831
 
1 879
 
1 924
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
175
 
207
 
277
 
285
 
324
 
311
 
362
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
5.7
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
5.6
 
6.1
 
7.3
 
7.2
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 349
 
1 346
 
1 344
 
1 342
 
1 341
 
1 340
 
1 340
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.7
 
15.3
 
15.0
 
14.9
 
14.9
 
15.0
 
15.2
 
15.4
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
16.3
 
16.6
 
16.9
 
17.1
 
17.2
 
17.1
 
17.0
 
16.9
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
17.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
16.6
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
17.6
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
5.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.1
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
4.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
15.6
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
18.1
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
4.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.2
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
72.0
 
72.7
 
72.9
 
72.9
 
73.9
 
75.0
 
75.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
66.3
 
67.3
 
67.4
 
67.1
 
68.6
 
69.8
 
70.6
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
77.8
 
78.1
 
78.5
 
78.7
 
79.2
 
80.1
 
80.5
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
6.4
 
5.4
 
4.4
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
48.6
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
7.8
 
6.6
 
6.6
 
5.5
 
6.7
 
5.9
 
5.0
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
17 325
 
18 280
 
19 275
 
19 090
 
14 222
 
12 224
 
12 624
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
2 907
 
3 186
 
3 369
 
3 183
 
2 950
 
2 585
 
2 488
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
121
 
126
 
126
 
146
 
98
 
75
 
58
 
..
 
Last updated: 28 February 2013; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2013 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2013-en)
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