1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

.

2016 Country statistical profile: China 2016/2

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2016

Country statistical profile: China 2016
‌‌
Unit
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
7 550
 
8 270
 
9 217
 
10 250
 
11 187
 
12 166
 
13 171
 
..
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
7 598
 
8 256
 
9 177
 
10 154
 
11 161
 
12 066
 
13 132
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
..
 
9.4
 
10.6
 
9.5
 
7.9
 
7.8
 
7.3
 
6.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
37.3
 
37.8
 
39.0
 
38.1
 
38.1
 
38.5
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
10.6
 
10.2
 
9.9
 
9.8
 
9.8
 
9.7
 
9.5
 
9.3
 
Industry including energy
%
41.0
 
39.3
 
39.7
 
39.6
 
38.3
 
36.9
 
35.9
 
33.8
 
Construction
%
5.9
 
6.5
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
6.9
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
15.5
 
15.2
 
15.3
 
15.3
 
15.6
 
15.7
 
16.1
 
16.1
 
Information, communication
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
5.8
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
6.6
 
7.0
 
7.3
 
8.5
 
Real estate
%
4.7
 
5.5
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
6.1
 
6.0
 
6.1
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
16.5
 
17.0
 
16.4
 
16.4
 
17.0
 
17.6
 
18.3
 
19.3
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.2
 
0.1
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
0.7
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.3
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
27.0
 
22.0
 
25.2
 
25.4
 
23.8
 
23.1
 
21.2
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
34.7
 
26.4
 
28.8
 
27.9
 
26.6
 
25.5
 
23.9
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
359.9
 
243.5
 
246.4
 
228.7
 
311.6
 
359.0
 
435.0
 
567.0
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
990.1
 
883.6
 
1 240.0
 
1 579.1
 
1 661.9
 
1 789.6
 
1 808.7
 
1 575.8
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
1 350.0
 
1 127.2
 
1 486.4
 
1 807.8
 
1 973.5
 
2 148.6
 
2 243.8
 
2 142.8
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-11.1
 
-23.4
 
-23.4
 
-46.8
 
-79.7
 
-123.6
 
-172.4
 
-182.4
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
156.4
 
146.0
 
140.9
 
247.8
 
281.3
 
330.6
 
452.8
 
468.9
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
145.3
 
122.6
 
117.5
 
201.0
 
201.6
 
207.0
 
280.5
 
286.5
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
3.9
 
1.8
 
2.5
 
1.6
 
2.7
 
3.0
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
185 694
 
245 750
 
317 210
 
424 780
 
531 900
 
660 480
 
882 640
 
1 129 300
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
915 524
 
1 314 771
 
1 569 604
 
1 906 908
 
2 068 000
 
2 331 238
 
2 599 102
 
2 842 300
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
171 535
 
131 057
 
243 703
 
280 072
 
241 214
 
290 928
 
268 097
 
249 859
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
56 742
 
43 890
 
57 954
 
48 421
 
64 963
 
72 971
 
123 130
 
187 801
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
5.9
 
-0.7
 
3.3
 
5.4
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.0
 
1.4
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
14.3
 
0.7
 
7.2
 
11.8
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
3.1
 
2.3
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
3.16
 
3.13
 
3.31
 
3.51
 
3.53
 
3.55
 
3.53
 
3.56
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
6.95
 
6.83
 
6.77
 
6.46
 
6.31
 
6.20
 
6.14
 
6.23
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
43
 
45
 
48
 
52
 
55
 
58
 
59
 
64
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
2 216.0
 
2 367.6
 
2 614.8
 
2 804.5
 
2 911.0
 
3 004.9
 
3 051.5
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.22
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.21
 
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
265 857.2
 
274 994.2
 
286 253.2
 
291 015.6
 
310 406.6
 
325 421.9
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
588 120
 
593 399
 
596 890
 
605 340
 
608 660
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
14 830
 
14 940
 
15 440
 
15 800
 
16 190
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
154 380
 
157 340
 
158 048
 
163 953
 
170 809
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
6 338
 
6 618
 
7 095
 
8 420
 
8 519
 
8 977
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
10
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
149 034
 
187 534
 
213 460
 
242 801
 
281 108
 
316 303
 
344 645
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
2.1
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 342 733
 
1 351 248
 
1 359 822
 
1 368 440
 
1 377 065
 
1 385 567
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Eldery population aged 65 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
74.6
 
74.8
 
75.0
 
75.2
 
75.4
 
75.6
 
75.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
73.1
 
73.3
 
73.5
 
73.7
 
73.9
 
74.1
 
74.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
76.2
 
76.4
 
76.6
 
76.8
 
77.0
 
77.2
 
77.3
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
15.8
 
14.6
 
13.5
 
12.5
 
11.5
 
10.6
 
9.8
 
9.2
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
7 733 020
 
8 248 308
 
9 565 952
 
10 979 481
 
12 022 843
 
16 815 059
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
2 025 471
 
2 139 033
 
2 378 299
 
2 637 254
 
2 827 988
 
2 184 650
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
56
 
51
 
49
 
46
 
44
 
43
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 September 2016; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org). For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2015-2016 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2015-en).
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error