1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2014 Country statistical profile: China 2014/1

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2014

Country statistical profile: China 2014
‌‌
Unit
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
4 950
 
5 720
 
6 671
 
7 416
 
8 121
 
9 031
 
10 017
 
10 924
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
4 915
 
5 709
 
6 686
 
7 463
 
8 107
 
8 992
 
9 920
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
11.3
 
e 
12.7
 
e 
14.2
 
e 
9.6
 
e 
9.2
 
e 
10.4
 
9.3
 
..
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
12.1
 
11.1
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
10.3
 
10.1
 
10.0
 
10.1
 
Industry
%
41.8
 
42.2
 
41.6
 
41.5
 
39.7
 
40.0
 
39.8
 
38.5
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
15.6
 
15.5
 
15.5
 
15.7
 
15.5
 
15.7
 
15.9
 
16.3
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
7.9
 
8.5
 
9.8
 
9.4
 
10.7
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
11.1
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
17.0
 
16.9
 
16.6
 
16.7
 
17.2
 
16.7
 
16.6
 
17.1
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-0.2
 
0.9
 
3.2
 
1.8
 
0.6
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.6
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.5
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.0
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
31.5
 
31.4
 
29.6
 
27.3
 
22.3
 
25.6
 
25.9
 
24.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
37.1
 
39.1
 
38.4
 
35.0
 
26.7
 
29.4
 
28.5
 
27.3
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
102.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
181.8
 
..
 
230.6
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
660.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 396.0
 
..
 
1 818.2
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
762.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 577.8
 
..
 
2 048.8
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-9.7
 
-8.9
 
-8.0
 
-11.8
 
-29.4
 
-31.2
 
-61.7
 
-89.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
84.0
 
100.8
 
130.1
 
158.9
 
158.9
 
193.3
 
247.6
 
281.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
74.4
 
92.0
 
122.2
 
147.1
 
129.5
 
162.2
 
186.1
 
191.5
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
5.9
 
8.6
 
10.1
 
9.3
 
4.9
 
4.0
 
1.9
 
2.4
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
317 210
 
424 780
 
502 750
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
471 549
 
614 383
 
703 667
 
915 524
 
1 314 800
 
1 569 604
 
1 906 908
 
2 159 551
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
104 109
 
124 082
 
156 249
 
171 535
 
131 057
 
243 703
 
280 000
 
253 400
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
13 730
 
23 932
 
17 155
 
56 742
 
43 890
 
57 954
 
48 400
 
62 400
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.8
 
1.5
 
4.8
 
5.9
 
-0.7
 
3.3
 
5.4
 
2.6
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.9
 
2.3
 
12.3
 
14.3
 
0.7
 
7.2
 
11.8
 
4.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
CNY per USD
2.86
 
2.88
 
3.02
 
3.19
 
3.15
 
3.32
 
3.51
 
3.51
 
Exchange rates
CNY per USD
8.19
 
7.97
 
7.61
 
6.95
 
6.83
 
6.77
 
6.46
 
6.31
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
34
 
36
 
38
 
43
 
45
 
48
 
52
 
54
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 775.7
 
1 938.9
 
2 044.6
 
2 120.8
 
2 286.1
 
2 516.7
 
2 727.7
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.33
 
0.32
 
0.30
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
0.27
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
13.7
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.1
 
11.4
 
10.7
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
234 086
 
297 653
 
353 476
 
390 843
 
351 825
 
455 025
 
503 784
 
549 954
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
155 770
 
148 410
 
152 150
 
154 380
 
157 340
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
5 403
 
5 914
 
6 316
 
6 490
 
6 793
 
7 253
 
7 955
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
53.7
 
..
 
53.7
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
85.8
 
..
 
85.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
59.0
 
..
 
59.0
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
85 743
 
101 246
 
116 211
 
134 165
 
169 668
 
193 670
 
220 969
 
256 794
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 318 177
 
1 326 146
 
1 334 344
 
1 342 733
 
1 351 248
 
1 359 821
 
1 368 440
 
1 377 065
 
Population growth rates
%
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
20.5
 
19.8
 
19.2
 
18.7
 
18.4
 
18.1
 
18.0
 
18.0
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
7.7
 
7.8
 
7.9
 
8.1
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.7
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
74.1
 
74.3
 
74.5
 
74.6
 
74.8
 
74.9
 
75.1
 
75.2
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
72.8
 
73.0
 
73.2
 
73.3
 
73.5
 
73.6
 
73.8
 
73.9
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
75.3
 
75.5
 
75.7
 
75.9
 
76.0
 
76.2
 
76.4
 
76.5
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
20.2
 
18.5
 
17.1
 
15.8
 
14.7
 
13.7
 
12.9
 
12.1
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
4 162 750
 
4 616 828
 
5 261 653
 
7 733 020
 
8 248 308
 
9 565 952
 
10 979 481
 
12 019 472
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
1 535 404
 
1 675 297
 
1 872 308
 
2 025 471
 
2 139 033
 
2 378 299
 
2 637 254
 
2 827 988
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
76
 
68
 
62
 
55
 
51
 
49
 
46
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 September 2014; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2014 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2014-en)
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